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GCNL Asepsis

ASEPSIS, HYGIENE AND SKIN/WOUND CARE

QuestionAnswer
Sepsis The state of infection
Aseptic Technique(2) Medical-Confine organisms and Surgical/Sterile-freedom from organisms
4 Categories of Infectious Microorganisms Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, Parasites
Nosocomial Infection Hospital Acquired Infection, everyone is susceptible
Lines of Defense to Infection Skin, Mucous Membranes, Orifices, Inflammation
UP Universal Precautions
BSI Body Substance Isolation
SP Standard Precautions
EP Enteric Precautions, contact with GI contents
Inflammatory Phase Phase 1 wound healing. Immediately after injury, lasts 3-6 days.
Proliferative Phase Phase 2 wound healing. Day 3/4 to 21, fibroblasts migrate to injury and synthesize collagen. Tissue becomes red in color as it develops granulation.
Maturation Phase Phase 3 wound healing. Day 21-1/2 years. Fibroblasts continue to synthesize collagen. Scar, Keloids.
Color guide for wound care: RED Protect
Color guide for wound care: YELLOW Cleanse
Color guide for wound care: BLACK Debride
Dressing change for Stage 1 Transparent, hydrocolloid.
Dressing change for Stage 2 Transparent hydrogel
Dressing change for Stage 3 Dry gauze/wet to damp gauze/hydrocolloid/hydrogel/alginate
Dressing change for Stage 4 dry gauze/wet to damp gauze/hydrogel/alginate.
Created by: tdiaz65