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BJU Life Science 7

Bob Jones Life Science - Chapter 7

QuestAnswer
mutation A change in the genetic material of a cell.
biotechnology The use of living organisms to make a new, more desirable organism or product
gene mutation A change in the sequence of the nucleotides in a gene.
somatic mutation A mutation that occurs in the body cells (those cells that do not make gametes).
germ mutation A mutation in a gamete or gamete-forming cell.
chromosomal change A change involving the number of chromosomes or the number or location of genes in a chromosome.
genetic engineering The use of special techniques to control the genetic makeup of an organism.
gene therapy The use of genetic engineering to correct defective genes responsible for certain diseases
Human Genome Project The project in which scientists decoded the entire human genome, providing a map of the sequence of DNA bases in the human genome
clone One of a group of organisms with identical genes produced by the asexual reproduction of an individual; to produce organisms asexually
stem cell A cell that has the ability to divide almost indefinitely and differentiate into many different types of cells; see also embryonic stem cell and somatic stem cell
embryonic stem cell A stem cell derived from a human embryo
somatic (adult) stem cell A stem cell taken from the already-differentiated tissues of adults or children
Created by: heidio