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Referred pain from a UTI Back & abdomen
Referred pain from a kidney infection Flanks
Referred pain, cholecystitis Right shoulder/scapula
Referred pain, Aortic Aneurysm Back
Referred pain, Appendicitis Umbilical region
Signs & Symptoms of a GI Bleed -Bloody Stool -ABD tenderness -Decreased BP, increased HR
Red stool Lower GI bleed
Black, tarry stool Upper GI bleed
Clay- or tan-colored stool Signals liver problems, cirrhosis, jaundice.
Ileus Partial or complete blockage of a portion of the intestines resulting in decreased or ceased peristalsis, often associated with decreased intestinal blood supply and bowel necrosis. Excruciatingly painful. SURGICAL EMERGENCY.
Bowel perforation can lead to: -Peritonitis from leakage of bowel contents. -Organ failure. -Septic shock
Ascites Presence of fluid, primarily albumin, in the abdominal cavity. Often associated with liver diseases.
Paracentesis Drainage of ascites. Can lead to intravascular depletion and hypovolemic crash.
Common causes of constipation -medications -lack of exercise -lack of dietary fiber -decreased ABD muscle tone -cancer -dehydration -intestinal obstruction
Liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys Solid Viscera
Urinary bladder, abdominal aorta, large intestine, small intestine, stomach, gallbladder Hollow Viscera
Common Abdominal findings in pregnant women -GERD -Constipation -Diminished bowel sounds -Presence of linea nigra and striae
Created by: adlarson