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Muskeletal diseases

Musculoskeletal diseases

Osteoporosis is what? A bone disorder.
What happens during Osteoporosis? Decrease in bone density. Its less than normal. Normal is different for each person (sex, height, weight...). Causes the bones to become weak and brittle.
When you age how does it affect your bones? Decreases the ability to put calcium back into your bones.
What happens to your bones after menopause? Can't put calcium back into the bones at all.
What are the risk factors for osteoporosis? Menopause, age, low calcium diet, inactivity, smoking, Asian, whites, scandinavian, petite, family history, lots of alcohol or caffeine and an endocrine disease.
Bone density scans diagnosis for what? Osteoporosis.
What are treatments for Osteoporosis? Calcium supplements along with vitamin D. Exercise, menopausal replacement therapy - replacing estrogen and progesterone. Actonel, Boniva and Fosamax, they inhibit cells that break down bone and reduce bone loss.
Is Osteoporosis fatal? No but it increases risk of fractures at weight bearing areas. Decrease the ability to enjoy life so it decreases life expectancy.
What is the wear and tear of joints and the break down of cartilage? Osteoarthritis.
What are the risk factors of osteoarthritis? a lot of use on the joints. long active life. pain at joints used the most. obese increases chances.
Diagnosis for osteoarthritis? S/s and physical exam.
What are the treatments for osteoarthritis? In stages. Mild form rest and pain killer like aleve and ibuprofen. More severe if it affects the ability to perform daily tasks. Need pain killers daily. If bad enough requires surgery to scrape off and replace cartilage.
Prognosis of osteoarthritis? Shortens life expectancy b/c decreases quality of life and ability to enjoy it.
What is the loss of muscle tissue due to both inactivity and activity. Muscular Dystrophy.
What is neuropathies of muscular dystrophy. Charcotte-Marie-Tooth: nerve damage so muscle is not being stimulated. Muscle mass dcrease slow and gradually.
Myopathies of muscular dystrophy is what? Duchenne's: nerve is working fine but muscle decrease anyway. Most common.
Duchenne's is what? A sex linked genetic disorder. Affecting males more.
Who do we see Duchenne's in? Preschoolers and young teens mostly male. Affects from bottom up eventually affecting the ability to swallow and breathe.
What is the diagnosis for muscular dystrophy? EMG - electricity stimulates the muscle. Decides if its a neuropathy or a myopathy.
Is muscular dystrophy fatal? Depends on what kind. Many forms are but not all.
Created by: 100000362859866