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OCR Latin vocab


a, ab from, away from, by
absum, abesse, afui am absent, am away, am distant from
ac, atque and
accido, accidere, accidi happen
accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptus accept, take in, receive
ad to, towards, at
adeo so much, so greatly
adsum, adesse, adfui be here, be present
advenio, advenire, adveni arrive
aedifico, aedificare, aedificavi, aedificatus build
ager, agri field
ago, agere, egi, actus do, act, drive
alii … alii some … others
alius, alia, aliud other, another, else
alter, altera, alterum the other, another, the second of two
altus, alta, altum high, deep
ambulo, ambulare, ambulavi walk
amicus, amici friend
amo, amare, amavi, amatus love, like
amor, amoris love
ancilla, ancillae slave-girl, slave-woman
animus, animi spirit, soul, mind
annus, anni year
ante before, in front of
antea before
appareo, apparere, apparui appear
appropinquo, appropinquare, appropinquavi approach, come near to
apud among, with, at the house of
aqua, aquae water
arma, armorum arms, weapons
ars, artis art, skill
ascendo, ascendere, ascendi, ascensus climb
audax, audacis bold, daring
audeo, audere, ausus sum dare
audio, audire, audivi, auditus hear, listen to
aufero, auferre, abstuli, ablatus take away, carry off, steal
autem but, however
auxilium, auxilii help
bellum, belli war
bellum gero, gerere, gessi, gestus wage war
bene well
benignus, benigna, benignum kind
bibo, bibere, bibi drink
bonus, bona, bonum good
brevis, breve short, brief
cado, cadere, cecidi, casus fall
caelum, caeli sky, heaven
canis, canis dog
capio, capere, cepi, captus take, catch, capture
captivus, captivi captive, prisoner
caput, capitis head
castra, castrorum camp
celer, celeris, celere quick, fast
celo, celare, celavi, celatus hide
cena, cenae dinner, meal
ceteri, ceterae, cetera the rest, the others
cibus, cibi food
circum around
civis, civis citizen
clamo, clamare, clamavi, clamatus shout
clamor, clamoris shout, shouting, noise
clarus, clara, clarum famous, clear
coepi, coepisse begin
cogito, cogitare, cogitavi, cogitatus think, consider
cognosco, cognoscere, cognovi, cognitus get to know, find out
cogo, cogere, coegi, coactus force, compel
comes, comitis comrade, companion
conficio, conficere, confeci, confectus finish, wear out
conor, conari, conatus sum try
consilium, consilii plan, idea, advice
conspicio, conspicere, conspexi, conspectus catch sight of, notice
constituo, constituere, constitui, constitutus decide
consul, consulis consul
consumo, consumere, consumpsi, consumptus eat
contra against
convenio,convenire, conveni come together, gather, meet
copiae, copiarum forces, troops
corpus, corporis body
cras tomorrow
credo, credere, credidi, creditus believe, trust
crudelis, crudele cruel
cum with
cum when, since
cupio, cupere, cupivi, cupitus want, desire
cur? why?
cura, curae care, worry
curro, currere, cucurri, cursus run
custodio, custodire, custodivi, custoditus guard
custos, custodis guard
de from, down from, about
dea, deae goddess
debeo, debere, debui, debitus owe, ought, should, must
defendo, defendere, defendi, defensus defend
deinde then
deleo, delere, delevi, deletus destroy
descendo, descendere, descendi, descensus go down, come down
deus, dei god
dico, dicere, dixi, dictus say
dies, diei day
difficilis, difficile difficult
diligens, diligentis careful
dirus, dira, dirum dreadful
discedo, discedere, discessi depart, leave
diu for a long time
do, dare, dedi, datus give
doceo, docere, docui, doctus teach
domina, dominae mistress
dominus, domini master
domus, domus home
domi at home
donum, doni gift, present
dormio, dormire, dormivi sleep
duco, ducere, duxi, ductus lead, take
dum while, until
dux, ducis leader
e, ex from, out of, out
ecce! look!
effugio, effugere, effugi escape
ego, mei I, me
egredior, egredi, egressus sum go out
emo, emere, emi, emptus buy
enim for
eo, ire, i(v)i go
epistula, epistulae letter
equus, equi horse
et and
et ... et both ... and
etiam also, even
exercitus, exercitus army
exspecto, exspectare, exspectavi, exspectatus wait for
facilis, facile easy
facio, facere, feci, factus make, do
faveo, favere, favi, fautus favour, support
felix, felicis fortunate, happy
femina, feminae woman
fero, ferre, tuli, latus bring, carry, bear
ferox, ferocis fierce, ferocious
festino, festinare, festinavi hurry
fidelis, fidele faithful, loyal
filia, filiae daughter
filius, filii son
flumen, fluminis river
forte by chance
fortis, forte brave
forum, fori forum, market place
frater, fratris brother
frustra in vain
fugio, fugere, fugi run away, flee
gaudeo, gaudere, gavisus sum be pleased, rejoice
gaudium, gaudii joy, pleasure
gens, gentis family, tribe, race, people
gladius, gladii sword
gravis, grave heavy, serious
habeo, habere, habui, habitus have
habito, habitare, habitavi, habitatus live
heri yesterday
hic, haec, hoc this, he, she, it
hic here
hodie today
homo, hominis man, human being
hora, horae hour
hortor, hortari, hortatus sum encourage, urge
hortus, horti garden
hostis, hostis enemy
iaceo, iacere, iacui lie
iacio, iacere, ieci, iactus throw
iam now, already
ianua, ianuae door
ibi there
idem, eadem, idem the same
igitur therefore, and so
ille, ilIa, illud that, he, she, it
imperator, imperatoris emperor, general, leader
imperium, imperii empire, power, command
impero, imperare, imperavi, imperatus order, command, power
in in, on
in into, onto
incendo, incendere, incendi, incensus burn, set on fire
infelix, infelicis unlucky, unhappy
ingens, ingentis huge
ingredior, ingredi, ingressus sum enter
inimicus, inimici enemy
inquit he/she says, he/she said
insula, insulae island, block of flats
intellego, intellegere, intellexi, intellectus understand, realise
inter among, between
interea meanwhile
interficio, interficere, interfeci, interfectus kill
intro, intrare, intravi, intratus enter
invenio, invenire, inveni, inventus find
invito, invitare, invitavi, invitatus invite
ipse, ipsa, ipsum himself, herself, itself, themselves
ira, irae anger
iratus, irata, iratum angry
is, ea, id this, that, he, she, it, them
ita in this way, to such an extent, so
itaque and so, therefore
iter, itineris journey
iterum again
iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussus order
iuvenis, iuvenis young man
labor, laboris work
laboro, laborare, laboravi work
lacrimo, lacrimare, lacrimavi weep, cry
laetus, laeta, laetum happy
laudo, laudare, laudavi, laudatus praise
legio, legionis legion
lego, legere, legi, lectus read, choose
lentus, lenta, lentum slow
leo, leonis lion
libenter willingly, gladly
liber, libri book
liberi, liberorum children
libero, liberare, liberavi, liberatus set free
libertus, liberti freedman, ex-slave
locus, loci place
longus, longa, longum long
loquor, loqui, locutus sum speak
lux, lucis light, daylight
magis more
magnopere greatly
magnus, magna, magnum big, large, great
malo, malle, malui prefer
malus, mala, malum evil, bad
maneo, manere, mansi remain, stay
manus, manus hand, group of people
mare, maris sea
maritus, mariti husband
mater, matris mother
maxime very greatly
medius, media, medium middle
mercator, mercatoris merchant
meus, mea, meum my
miles, militis soldier
minime very little, least, no
miror, mirari, miratus sum wonder at, admire
miser, misera, miserum miserable, wretched, sad
mitto, mittere, misi, missus send
modus, modi manner, way, kind
moneo, monere, monui, monitus warn, advise
mons, montis mountain
morior, mori, mortuus sum die
mors, mortis death
moveo, movere, movi, motus move
mox soon
multo much
multus, multa, multum much, many
murus, muri wall
nam for
narro, narrare, narravi, narratus tell, relate
nauta, nautae sailor
navigo, navigare, navigavi sail
navis, navis ship
ne that ... not, so that ... not, that, lest
-ne (introduces question)
nec, neque and not, nor, neither
neco, necare, necavi, necatus kill
nemo, neminis no one, nobody
nescio, nescire, nescivi not know
nihil nothing
nisi unless, except
nolo, nolle, nolui not want, refuse
nomen, nominis name
non not
nonne …? surely ... ?
nonnulli, nonnullae, nonnulla some, several
nos, nostrum we, us
noster, nostra, nostrum our
novus, nova, novum new
nox, noctis night
nullus, nulla, nullum not any, no
num whether
num ... ? surely … not?
numquam never
nunc now
nuntio, nuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatus announce
nuntius, nuntii messenger, message, news
occido, occidere, occidi, occisus kill
offero, offerre, obtuli, oblatus offer
olim once, some time ago
omnis, omne all, every
opprimo, opprimere, oppressi, oppressus crush, overwhelm
oppugno, oppugnare, oppugnavi, oppugnatus attack
oro, orare, oravi, oratus beg
ostendo, ostendere, ostendi, ostentus show
paene almost, nearly
paro, parare, paravi, paratus prepare
pars, partis part
parvus, parva, parvum small
pater, patris father
patior, pati, passus sum suffer, endure
patria, patriae country, homeland
pauci, paucae, pauca few, a few
pax, pacis peace
pecunia, pecuniae money
pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsus drive
per through, along
pereo, perire, perii die, perish
periculum, periculi danger
persuadeo, persuadere, persuasi persuade
perterritus, perterrita, perterritum terrified
pervenio, pervenire, perveni, perventus reach, arrive at
pes, pedis foot
peto, petere, petivi, petitus make for, seek, beg/ask for
plenus, plena, plenum full
poena, poenae punishment
poenas do pay the penalty, am punished
pono, ponere, posui, positus put, place, put up
porta, portae gate
porto, portare, portavi, portatus carry
portus, portus harbour, port
possum, posse, potui can, be able
post after, behind
postea afterwards
postquam after, when
postridie on the next day
praemium, praemii prize, reward, profit
precor, precari, precatus sum pray (to), beg
primo at first
primus, prima, primum first
princeps, principis chief, emperor
pro in front of, for, in return for
procedo, procedere, processi advance, proceed
proelium, proelii battle
proficiscor, proficisci, profectus sum set out
progredior, progredi, progressus sum advance
promitto, promittere, promisi, promissus promise
prope near
propter on account of, because of
proximus, proxima, proximum nearest, next to
puella, puellae girl
puer, pueri boy
pugno, pugnare, pugnavi fight
pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum beautiful, handsome
punio, punire, punivi, punitus punish
puto, putare, putavi, putatus think
quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitus search for, look for, ask
qualis?, quale what sort of?
quam as … as possible
quam than
quam? quam! how … ? how … !
quamquam although
quando? when?
quantus?, quanta? quantum? how big? how much?
-que and
qui, quae, quod who, which
quidam, quaedam, quoddam one, a certain, some
quis?, quid? who? what?
quo? to where?
quod because
quomodo? how?
quoque also, too
quot? how many?
rapio, rapere, rapui, raptus seize, grab
re- (prefix used with verbs) - back
reddo, reddere, reddidi, redditus give back, restore
redeo, redire, redii go back, come back, return
refero, referre, rettuli, relatus bring/carry back, report, tell
regina, reginae queen
regnum, regni kingdom
rego, regere, rexi, rectus rule
regredior, regredi, regressus sum go back, return
relinquo, relinquere, reliqui, relictus leave, leave behind
res, rei thing, matter, event
resisto, resistere, restiti resist
respondeo, respondere, respondi, responsus reply
rex, regis king
rideo, ridere, risi laugh, smile
rogo, rogare, rogavi, rogatus ask, ask for
Roma, Romae Rome
Romanus, Romana, Romanum Roman
rumpo, rumpere, rupi, ruptus break, burst
sacer, sacra, sacrum sacred
saepe often
saevus, saeva, saevum savage, cruel
saluto, salutare, salutavi, salutatus greet
salve!, salvete! (plural) hello!
sanguis, sanguinis blood
sapiens, sapientis wise
satis enough
scelestus, scelesta, scelestum wicked
scelus, sceleris crime
scio, scire, scivi, scitus know
scribo, scribere, scripsi, scriptus write
se, sui himself, herself, itself, themselves
sed but
sedeo, sedere, sedi sit
semper always
senator, senatoris senator
senex, senis old man
sentio, sentire, sensi, sensus feel, notice
sequor, sequi, secutus sum follow
servo, servare, servavi, servatus save, protect, keep
servus, servi slave
si if
sic thus, in this way
signum, signi sign, signal, standard
silva, silvae wood
simul at the same time
simulac, simulatque as soon as
sine without
soleo, solere, solitus sum be accustomed
solus, sola, solum alone, lonely, only, on one's own
specto, spectare, spectavi, spectatus look at, watch
spero, sperare, speravi, speratus hope, expect
spes, spei hope
statim at once, immediately
sto, stare, steti stand
stultus, stulta, stultum stupid, foolish
sub under, beneath
subito suddenly
sum, esse, fui be
summus, summa, summum highest, greatest, top (of)
supero, superare, superavi, superatus overcome, overpower
surgo, surgere, surrexi get up, stand up, rise
suus, sua, suum his, her, its, their (own)
taberna, tabernae shop, inn
taceo, tacere, tacui, tacitus be silent, be quiet
talis, tale such
tam so
tamen however
tandem at last, finally
tantus, tanta, tantum so great, such a great
tempestas, tempestatis storm
templum, templi temple
tempus, temporis time
teneo, tenere, tenui, tentus hold
terra, terrae ground, land, country
terreo, terrere, terrui, territus frighten
timeo, timere, timui fear, be afraid
tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatus raise, lift up, hold up
tot so many
totus, tota, totum whole
trado, tradere, tradidi, traditus hand over
traho, trahere, traxi, tractus drag
trans across
tristis, triste sad
tu, tui you (singular)
tum then
turba, turbae crowd
tuus, tua, tuum your (singular), yours
ubi where? where, when
umquam ever
unde from where
urbs, urbis city, town
ut that, so that, in order that
ut as, when
uxor, uxoris wife
vale!, valete! (plural) goodbye, farewell!
validus, valida, validum strong
vehementer violently, loudly
vendo, vendere, vendidi, venditus sell
venio, venire, veni come
verbum, verbi word
verto, vertere, verti, versus turn
verus, vera, verum true, real
vester, vestra, vestrum your (plural), yours
via, viae street, road, way
victoria, victoriae victory
video, videre, vidi, visus see
videor, videri, visus sum seem, appear
villa, villae house, country villa
vinco, vincere, vici, victus conquer, win, be victorious
vinum, vini wine
vir, viri man
virtus, virtutis courage, virtue
vita, vitae life
vivo, vivere, vixi live, be alive
vivus, viva, vivum alive, living
voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatus call
volo, velle, volui want
vos, vestrum you (plural)
vox, vocis voice, shout
vulnero, vulnerare, vulneravi, vulneratus wound, injure
vulnus, vulneris wound
vultus, vultus expression, face
Created by: mangaluva



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