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Vocab for Patho

PTA Vocab

Hemiparesis weakness or partial paralysis of one side of body
ataxia uncoordinated or irregular muscle action
embolism sudden blocking of an artery by a clot or foreign material
bradycardia slower than normal heart rate
hemianesthesia sensory deficit on one side of the body
gustatory pertaining to taste
paraplegia paralysis of the legs and partial trunk
hemiplegia paralysis of one side of the body
quadriplegia/tetraplegia paralysis of all four limbs and trunk
Horner's syndrome paralysis of cervical sympathetic nerves causing sinking of the eyeballs and ptosis of the eyelid
Expressive aphasia loss of power to express by speech, writing, or signs; knowing what you want to say but can't (Broca's)
receptive aphasia loss of ability to understand or comprehend spoken or written language (Wernicke's)
akinetic apraxia loss of ability to initiate spontaneous movement
apraxia loss of ability to carry out familiar, purposeful movement in absence of paralysis or other motor or sensory impairment
nystagmus involuntary rapid movement of the eyeball
anosognosia inability to recognize or acknowledge bodily defect
agraphia inability to express thoughts in writing due to cerebral cortex lesion
acalculia inability to do simple arithmetical calculations
dysarthria imperfect articulation of speech due to decrease in motor speech control
diplopia double vision
dystonia disordered or abnormal mm tone
dysphagia difficulty with swallowing
agnosia difficulty with naming objects
quadrantanopia defective vision or blindness in one quarter of the visual fields of both eyes
homonymous hemianopia defective vision or blindness in half the visual fields of both eyes on the same side
heteronymous hemianopia defective vision or blindness in either the nasal or temporal halves of the visual field of each eye
decorticate posturing consists of UE add with arm, wrist, finger flex, plus LE ext, ,IR & PF
papilledema choking of the optic disc due to increased CFS pressure on the brain tissues surrounding the optic nerve
RAS - reticular activating system brain system which govern arousal and awareness
contrecoup brain injury caused by impact on the opposite side of the skull
coup brain injury at the site of the impact
cortical blindess blindess due to a lesion of the primary visual center of the brain
spasticity an increase over the normal tone of a mm with heightened deep tendon reflexes
decerebrate posturing all 4 extremities are rigid in extension
ipsilateral affecting the same side
contralateral affecting the opposite side
dyskinesia abnormal movement of any kind
dysmetria impaired ability to judge the distance or range of a movement
perserveration abnormal, compulsive & inappropriate repetition of words or behavior
dysdiadochokinesia impaired ability to perform rapid, alternating movements
Created by: jklincoln