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Latin Vocab GCSE

a ab from, away from, by
absum abesse, afui am absent
ac, atque and
accido accidere, accidi happen
accipio accipere, accepi, acceptus accept, take in, receive
ad to, towards, at
adeo so much, so greatly
adsum adesse, adfui be here, be present
advenio advenire, adveni arrive
aedifico aedificare, aedificavi, aedificatus build
ager agri, field
ago agere, egi, actus do, act, drive
alii … alii some … others
alius alia, aliud other, another, else
alter altera, alterum the other, another, the second of two
altus alta, altum high, deep
ambulo ambulare, ambulavi walk
amicus amici, friend
amo amare, amavi, amatus love, like
amor amoris, love
ancilla ancillae, slave-girl, slave-woman
animus animi, spirit, soul, mind
annus anni, year
ante + accusative before, in front of
antea before
appareo apparere, apparui appear
appropinquo appropinquare, appropinquavi + dative approach, come near to
apud + accusative among, with, at the house of
aqua aquae, water
arma armorum, arms, weapons
ars artis, art, skill
ascendo ascendere, ascendi, ascensus climb
audax audacis bold, daring
audeo audere, ausus sum dare
audio audire, audivi, auditus hear, listen to
aufero auferre, abstuli, ablatus take away, carry off, steal
autem but, however
auxilium auxilii, help
bellum belli, war
bellum gero gerere, gessi, gestus wage war
bene well
benignus benigna, benignum kind
bibo bibere, bibi drink
bonus bona, bonum good
brevis breve short, brief
cado cadere, cecidi, casus fall
caelum caeli, sky, heaven
canis canis, dog
capio capere, cepi, captus take, catch, capture
captivus captivi, captive, prisoner
caput capitis, head
castra castrorum, camp
celer celeris, celere quick, fast
celo celare, celavi, celatus hide
cena cenae, dinner, meal
ceteri ceterae, cetera the rest, the others
cibus cibi, food
circum + accusative around
civis civis, citizen
clamo clamare, clamavi, clamatus shout
clamor clamoris, shout, shouting, noise
clarus clara, clarum famous, clear
coepi coepisse begin
cogito cogitare, cogitavi, cogitatus think, consider
cognosco cognoscere, cognovi, cognitus get to know, find out
cogo cogere, coegi, coactus force, compel
comes comitis, comrade, companion
conficio conficere, confeci, confectus finish, wear out
conor conari, conatus sum try
consilium consilii, plan, idea, advice
conspicio conspicere, conspexi, conspectus catch sight of, notice
constituo constituere, constitui, constitutus decide
consul consulis, consul
consumo consumere, consumpsi, consumptus eat
contra + accusative against
convenio convenire, conveni come together, gather, meet
copiae copiarum, plural forces, troops
corpus corporis, body
cras tomorrow
credo credere, credidi, creditus + dative believe, trust
crudelis crudele cruel
cum + ablative with
cum when, since
cupio cupere, cupivi, cupitus want, desire
cur? why?
cura curae, care, worry
curro currere, cucurri, cursus run
custodio custodire, custodivi, custoditus guard
custos custodis, guard
de + ablative from, down from, about
dea deae, goddess
debeo debere, debui, debitus owe, ought , should, must
defendo defendere, defendi, defensus defend
deinde then
deleo delere, delevi, deletus destroy
descendo descendere, descendi, descensus go down, come down
deus dei, god
dico dicere, dixi, dictus say
dies diei, day
difficilis difficile difficult
diligens diligentis careful
dirus dira, dirum dreadful
discedo discedere, discessi depart, leave
diu for a long time
do dare, dedi, datus give
doceo docere, docui, doctus teach
domina dominae, mistress
dominus domini, master
domus domus, home
domi at home
donum doni, gift, present
dormio dormire, dormivi sleep
duco ducere, duxi, ductus lead, take
dum while, until
dux ducis, leader
e, ex + ablative from, out of, out
ecce! look!
effugio effugere, effugi escape
ego I
egredior egredi, egressus sum go out
emo emere, emi, emptus buy
enim for
eo ire, go
epistula epistulae, letter
equus equi, horse
et and
et ... et both ... and
etiam also, even
exercitus exercitus, army
exspecto exspectare, exspectavi, exspectatus wait for
facilis facile easy
facio facere, feci, factus make, do
faveo favere, favi, fautus + dative favour, support
felix felicis fortunate, happy
femina feminae, woman
fero ferre, tuli, latus bring, carry, bear
ferox ferocis fierce, ferocious
festino festinare, festinavi hurry
fidelis fidele faithful, loyal
filia filiae, daughter
filius filii, son
flumen fluminis, river
forte by chance
fortis forte brave
forum fori, forum, market place
frater fratris, brother
frustra in vain
fugio fugere, fugi run away, flee
gaudeo gaudere, gavisus sum be pleased, rejoice
gaudium gaudii, joy, pleasure
gens gentis, family, tribe, race, people
gladius gladii, sword
gravis grave heavy, serious
habeo habere, habui, habitus have
habito habitare, habitavi, habitatus live
heri yesterday
hic haec, hoc this, he, she, it
hic here
hodie today
homo hominis, man, human being
hora horae, hour
hortor hortari, hortatus sum encourage, urge
hortus horti, garden
hostis hostis, enemy
iaceo iacere, iacui lie
iacio iacere, ieci, iactus (in compounds -icio) throw
iam now, already
ianua ianuae, door
ibi there
idem eadem, idem the same
igitur therefore, and so
ille ilIa, illud that, he, she, it
imperator imperatoris, emperor, general, leader
imperium imperii, empire, power, command
impero imperare, imperavi, imperatus + dative order, command, power
in + ablative (also used as prefix with verbs) in, on
in + accusative (also used as prefix with verbs) into, onto
incendo incendere, incendi, incensus burn, set on fire
infelix infelicis unlucky, unhappy
ingens ingentis huge
ingredior ingredi, ingressus sum enter
inimicus inimici, enemy
inquit he/she says, he/she said
insula insulae, island, block of flats
intellego intellegere, intellexi, intellectus understand, realise
inter + accusative among, between
interea meanwhile
interficio interficere, interfeci, interfectus kill
intro intrare, intravi, intratus enter
invenio invenire, inveni, inventus find
invito invitare, invitavi, invitatus invite
ipse ipsa, ipsum himself, herself, itself, themselves
ira irae, anger
iratus irata, iratum angry
is ea, id this, that, he, she, it, them
ita in this way, to such an extent, so
itaque and so, therefore
iter itineris, journey
iterum again
iubeo iubere, iussi, iussus order
iuvenis iuvenis, young man
labor laboris, work
laboro laborare, laboravi work
lacrimo lacrimare, lacrimavi weep, cry
laetus laeta, laetum happy
laudo laudare, laudavi, laudatus praise
legio legionis, legion
lego legere, legi, lectus read, choose
lentus lenta, lentum slow
leo leonis, lion
libenter willingly, gladly
liber libri, book
liberi liberorum, children
libero liberare, liberavi, liberatus set free
libertus liberti, freedman, ex-slave
locus loci, place
longus longa, longum long
loquor loqui, locutus sum speak
lux lucis, lig , daylig
magis more
magnopere greatly
magnus magna, magnum big, large, great
malo malle, malui prefer
malus mala, malum evil, bad
maneo manere, mansi remain, stay
manus manus, hand, group of people
mare maris, sea
maritus mariti, husband
mater matris, mother
maxime very greatly
medius media, medium middle
mercator mercatoris, merchant
meus mea, meum my
miles militis, soldier
minime very little, least, no
miror mirari, miratus sum wonder at, admire
miser misera, miserum miserable, wretched, sad
mitto mittere, misi, missus send
modus modi, manner, way, kind
moneo monere, monui, monitus warn, advise
mons montis, mountain
morior mori, mortuus sum die
mors mortis, death
moveo movere, movi, motus move
mox soon
multo much
multus multa, multum much, many
murus muri, wall
nam for
narro narrare, narravi, narratus tell, relate
nauta nautae, sailor
navigo navigare, navigavi sail
navis navis, ship
ne + subjunctive that ... not, so that ... not, that, lest
-ne particle (introduces question)
nec, neque and not, nor, neither
neco necare, necavi, necatus kill
nemo neminis noun no one, nobody
nescio nescire, nescivi not know
nihil nothing
nisi unless, except
nolo nolle, nolui not want, refuse
nomen nominis, name
non not
nonne …? surely ... ?
nonnulli nonnullae, nonnulla some, several
nos nostrum we, us
noster nostra, nostrum our
novus nova, novum new
nox noctis, night
nullus nulla, nullum not any, no
num whether
num ... ? surely … not?
numquam never
nunc now
nuntio nuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatus announce
nuntius nuntii, messenger, message, news
occido occidere, occidi, occisus kill
offero offerre, obtuli, oblatus offer
olim once, some time ago
omnis omne all, every
opprimo opprimere, oppressi, oppressus crush, overwhelm
oppugno oppugnare, oppugnavi, oppugnatus attack
oro orare, oravi, oratus beg
ostendo ostendere, ostendi, ostentus show
paene almost, nearly
paro parare, paravi, paratus prepare
pars partis, part
parvus parva, parvum small
pater patris, father
patior pati, passus sum suffer, endure
patria patriae, country, homeland
pauci paucae, pauca few, a few
pax pacis, peace
pecunia pecuniae, money
pello pellere, pepuli, pulsus drive
per + accusative through, along
pereo perire, perii die, perish
periculum periculi, danger
persuadeo persuadere, persuasi + dative persuade
perterritus perterrita, perterritum terrified
pervenio pervenire, perveni, perventus reach, arrive at
pes pedis, foot
peto petere, petivi, petitus make for, seek, beg/ask for
plenus plena, plenum full
poena poenae, punishment
poenas pay the penalty, am punished
pono ponere, posui, positus put, place, put up
porta portae, gate
porto portare, portavi, portatus carry
portus portus, harbour, port
possum posse, potui can, be able
post + accusative after, behind
postea afterwards
postquam after, when
postridie on the next day
praemium praemii, prize, reward, profit
precor precari, precatus sum pray (to), beg
primo at first
primus prima, primum first
princeps principis, chief, emperor
pro + ablative in front of
procedo procedere, processi advance, proceed
proelium proelii, battle
proficiscor proficisci, profectus sum set out
progredior progredi, progressus sum advance
promitto promittere, promisi, promissus promise
prope + accusative near
propter + accusative on account of, because of
proximus proxima, proximum nearest, next to
puella puellae, girl
puer pueri, boy
pugno pugnare, pugnavi fig
pulcher pulchra, pulchrum beautiful, handsome
punio punire, punivi, punitus punish
puto putare, putavi, putatus think
quaero quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitus search for, look for, ask
qualis? quale what sort of?
quam + superlative as... as possible
quam than
quam? quam! how … ? how … !
quamquam although
quando? when?
quantus? quanta? quantum? how big? how much?
-que and
qui quae, quod who, which
quidam quaedam, quoddam one, a certain, some
quis? quid? who? what?
quo? to where?
quod because
quomodo? how?
quoque also, too
quot? how many?
rapio rapere, rapui, raptus seize, grab
re- (prefix used with verbs) back
reddo reddere, reddidi, redditus give back, restore
redeo redire, redii go back, come back, return
refero referre, rettuli, relatus bring/carry back, report, tell
regina reginae, queen
regnum regni, kingdom
rego regere, rexi, rectus rule
regredior regredi, regressus sum go back, return
relinquo relinquere, reliqui, relictus leave, leave behind
res rei, thing, matter, event
resisto resistere, restiti + dative resist
respondeo respondere, respondi, responsus reply
rex regis, king
rideo ridere, risi laugh, smile
rogo rogare, rogavi, rogatus ask, ask for
Roma Romae, Rome
Romae in/at Rome
Romanus Romana, Romanum Roman
rumpo rumpere, rupi, ruptus break, burst
sacer sacra, sacrum sacred
saepe oen
saevus saeva, saevum savage, cruel
saluto salutare, salutavi, salutatus greet
salve! salvete! (plural) hello!
sanguis sanguinis, blood
sapiens sapientis wise
satis enough
scelestus scelesta, scelestum wicked
scelus sceleris, crime
scio scire, scivi, scitus know
scribo scribere, scripsi, scriptus write
se sui himself, herself, itself, themselves
sed but
sedeo sedere, sedi sit
semper always
senator senatoris, senator
senex senis, old man
sentio sentire, sensi, sensus feel, notice
sequor sequi, secutus sum follow
servo servare, servavi, servatus save, protect, keep
servus servi, slave
si if
sic thus, in this way
signum signi, sign, signal, standard
silva silvae, wood
simul at the same time
simulac, simulatque as soon as
sine + ablative without
soleo solere, solitus sum be accustomed
solus sola, solum alone, lonely, only, on one's own
specto spectare, spectavi, spectatus look at, watch
spero sperare, speravi, speratus hope, expect
spes spei, hope
statim at once, immediately
sto stare, steti stand
stultus stulta, stultum stupid, foolish
sub + accusative/ablative under, beneath
subito suddenly
sum esse, fui be
summus summa, summum highest, greatest, top (of)
supero superare, superavi, superatus overcome, overpower
surgo surgere, surrexi get up, stand up, rise
suus sua, suum his, her, its, their (own)
taberna tabernae, shop, inn
taceo tacere, tacui, tacitus be silent, be quiet
talis tale such
tam so
tamen however
tandem at last, finally
tantus tanta, tantum so great, such a great
tempestas tempestatis, storm
templum templi, temple
tempus temporis, time
teneo tenere, tenui, tentus hold
terra terrae, ground, land, country
terreo terrere, terrui, territus frighten
timeo timere, timui fear, be afraid
tollo tollere, sustuli, sublatus raise, lift up, hold up
tot so many
totus tota, totum whole
trado tradere, tradidi, traditus hand over
traho trahere, traxi, tractus drag
trans + accusative across
tristis triste sad
tu tui you (singular)
tum then
turba turbae, crowd
tuus tua, tuum your (singular), yours
ubi where? where, when
umquam ever
unde from where
urbs urbis, city, town
ut + subjunctive
ut + indicative
uxor uxoris, wife
vale! valete! (plural) goodbye, farewell!
validus valida, validum strong
vehementer violently, loudly
vendo vendere, vendidi, venditus sell
venio venire, veni come
verbum verbi, word
verto vertere, verti, versus turn
verus vera, verum true, real
vester vestra, vestrum your (plural), yours
via viae, street, road, way
victoria victoriae, victory
video videre, vidi, visus see
videor videri, visus sum seem, appear
villa villae, house, country villa
vinco vincere, vici, victus conquer, win, be victorious
vinum vini, wine
vir viri, man
virtus virtutis, courage, virtue
vita vitae, life
vivo vivere, vixi live, be alive
vivus viva, vivum alive, living
voco vocare, vocavi, vocatus call
volo velle, volui want
vos vestrum you (plural)
vox vocis, voice, shout
vulnero vulnerare, vulneravi, vulneratus wound, injure
vulnus vulneris, wound
vultus vultus, expression, face
Created by: ellie1