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Psych Terminology

Affect Generally refers to a patient's facial expression...i.e flat, blunted, broad, constricted, sad, tearful
AKATHISIA REgular rhythmic movements, usually of lower limbs. Constant pacing may be seen. Often seen with antipsychotic meds.
Anergia Lack of energy
Anhedonia Inability or decreased ability to experience pleasure, joy, intimacy, and closeness. A common symptom of depressive disorders
Apathy Lack of feelings, emotions, interests, or concern
ASSOCIATIVE LOOSENESS Disturbance in thinking in which ideas shift from one subject to another in an oblique matter
AVERSION THERAPY Behavioral technique that uses negative reinforcement or conditioning to alter or eliminate unwanted behavior
circumstantial Thought and speech of a person associated with excessive and unnecessary detail that is usually relevant to a question. an answer is eventually provided.
Cognition The mental process characterized by knowing, thinking, learning, and judging.
Commitment involuntary admission in which the request for hospitalization did not originate with the patient
compulsion A recurring, irresistible impulse to perform some act.
Concreteness Use of specific terminology rather than abstractions in the discussion of patient's feelings, experiences, and behavior.
Confabulation A confused person's tendency to make up a response to a question when he or she cannot remember the answer
congruence/incongruence how well a patient's stated mood fits with his observable affect
Delusion A fixed, false belief that is firmly maintained even though it is not shared by others and is contraindicated by social reality.
Dual diagnosis Simultaneous occurrence of a mental illness and a substance abuse disorder
Dysphoria Low mood
Dysthymia a milder form of depression lasting 2 or more years
ECHOLALIA Repeating the last words spoken by another
ECHOPRAXIA mimicry or imitation of the movements of another person
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) Artificial induction of a grand mal seizure by passing a controlled electrical current through electrodes applied to the patient's head.
EMPOWERMENT Consumers have the right to choose from a range of options, participate in decision making, and be educated and supported throughout process
ENABLING helping a chemically dependent individual avoid experiencing the consequences of his/her drinking or drug use.
Euphoria Highly elevated mood often associated with mania
euthymia "normal" mood
Extrapyramidal syndrome (EPS) A variety of S/Sx, including muscular rigidity, tremors, drooling, shuffling gait, restlessness, peculiar involuntary postures, and many other neurological disturbances. Often a side-effect of antipsychotic medications.
Hallucination Perceptual distortion arising from any of the 5 senses.
Hypomania A clinical syndrome that is similar to but less severe that than described by the term mania or manic episode
Ideas of Reference Incorrect interpretation of casual incidents and external events as having direct personal references.
Illues False perceptions of or false responses to a sensory stimulus
Intellectualization Excessive reasoning or logic used to avoid experiencing disturbing feelings.
Lability Rapid changes in mood
Loose associations Lack of logical relationship between thoughts and ideas that renders speech and thought inexact, vague, diffuse, and unfocused.
Magical thinking Belief that thinking equates with doing
Malingering Deliberate feigning of an illness
Neologisms New word or words created by the patient
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome A potentially fatal side-effect of antipsychotic medications
NIHILISM A delusion that the self or part of the self does not exist
Perseveration Involuntary, excessive continuation or repetition of a single response, idea, or activity.
Projection Attributing one's own thoughts or impulses to another person
PROXEMICS Study of personal space and the significance of physical distance between individuals
Psychosis A category of mental health problems that are distinguished by gross impairment in reality testing
Recovery The consumer-centered rehabilitation philosophy that is characterized by awareness of mental illness and substance abuse as illnesses and what is needed to recover, management of one's own mental health, and interconnectedness with others.
Secondary gain A related benefit that a patient experiences as the result of one's illness
SECONDARY PREVENTION Early intervention in abusive situations to minimize their disabling or long-term effects.
Self-ideal The person's perception of how he or she should behave on the basis of certain personal standards.
Somatization disorder A disorder characterized by multiple physical complaints with no evidence of organic impairment
Tangential Thought and speech of a person that strays markedly from the original discussion, yet is, in some manner, related to the original discussion i.e touches on a topic or word within the discussion.
TERTIARY PREVENTION Involves facilitating healing/rehabilitation process by counseling individuals/families, support groups, etc.
Therapeutic milieu The controlled environment of treatment facilities in which patients are provided with a safe, stable, coherent, therapeutic environment
Thought blocking Sudden stopping in the train of thought or in the midst of a sentence. Often a symptom of psychosis
Thought broadcasting The belief that one's thoughts are being aired to the outside world
Thought insertion The belief that one's thoughts are being placed into one's mind by outside people or influences.
VEGETATIVE SIGNS OF DEPRESSION Significant change from normal function in those activities necessary to support life... i.g. eating, sleeping, sex during depression.
WAXY FLEXIBILITY Excessive maintenance of posture. Individual holds same position for hours.
Word Salad Series of words that seem totally unrelated.
Created by: crna2b