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Dillon Ch 12

Assessing the Eye and the Ear

QuestionAnswer
How would you test gross hearing when assessing the ears? Normal voice and whisper test
How do you perform the webber test and what does it test for? Hold the vibrating tuning fork to the middle of the patient's forehead or on top of head. Note patient's ability to hear sound or feel vibrations equally in both ears. Tests for laterality.
How do you perform the Rinne test and what should the results be? Hold the vibrating tunig fork to the mastoid process. Count until patient can no longer hear tuning fork. Immediately bring tuning fork in front of ear and count until they can no longer hear the sound. Ratio of bone to air should be 2:1
What visual acuity chart do you use for distance? Snellen chart
What visual acuity chart do you use for near vision? Rosenbaum
What cranial nerves do the six ocular movements test for? III, IV, and, VI
What does PERRLA stand for? Pupils are equally round, reactive to light and accomidation.
What does the corneal light reflex check for? checks eye alignment
What are the only eye reflexes you will observe in neonates? red reflex and blink reflex
At what age does visual following begin to occur? Can begin visual following at 5-6 weeks (1-2 months). 180 degree tracking at 4 months
What is amblyopia? lazy eye
What is the most important eye test to do before age 3? Strabismus test
What is strabismus? Abnormal alignment resulting in crossed eye.
At what age would you test a child for Strabismus? By age 3
Created by: MEPN 2013