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Interventions Vocab.

Some of the Vocab and all of the abbreviations for interventions class

Aneurysm a soft, pulsating, hollow tumor containing blood, arising from preternatural dilation or rupture of the coats of an artery
Anastomosis an opening created by surgical, traumatic or pathological means between two normally separate spaces or organs.
Analgesic an agent that alleviates pain without causing loss of consciousness
Sciatica syndrome characterized by pain radiating from the back into the buttock and LE along posterior or lateral aspect, caused by prolapse of the intervertebral disk. Also, any pain along the course of the sciatic nerve.
Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) neurons not under conscious control (parasympathetic and sympathetic)
Meningitis inflammation of the meninges...more specific name based on which region it affects (dura, pia or arachnoid)
Anemia too few RBCs in the bloodstream, resulting in insufficient oxygen to tissues and organs
Edema the presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid in the intercellular tissue spaces of the body
Platelets particle in the blood that binds to fibrinogen at site of wound to begin blood clotting process. (formed in bone marrow, arise from megakaryocytes)
Inflammation the protective response elicited by injury or destruction of tissues, which serves to destroy, dilute or wall off the injurious agent.
Hemoglobin subunit globular oxygen carrying protein of the RBCs
Anaphylaxis immediate, transient kind of immunologic (allergic) reaction characterized by contraction of smooth muscle and dilation of capillaries due to release of pharmacologically active substances (histamine, bradykinin, serotonin, and slow-reacting substance
Diastolic pressure: pressure exerted on walls of arteries when heart is in the relaxation phase (diastole). over 90 is abnormal
Systolic pressure: pressure exerted on the walls of arteries during the contraction phase of the heart.
Thrombophlebitis: inflammation of a vein associated with thrombus formation (clot forming vascular obstruction at point of formation)
Angina chest pain that occurs secondary to the inadequate delivery of oxygen to the heart muscle (heavy or squeezing pain in the mid-sternal area)
Ischemia a low oxygen state usually due to obstruction of the arterial blood supply or inadequate blood flow leading to hypoxia of the tissue
Infarction: area of tissue death due to a local lack of oxygen
Hypercapnea: an excess of CO2 in the blood
Hypoxemia: below normal O2 content in the blood
Pneumonia inflammation of the lungs with consolidation (solidification inot a firm dense mass)
Ankylosis fusion of the bones across the joint (complication of chronic inflammation)
Fontanelle a soft spot, such as one of the membrane covered spaces in the skull of an infant
Compound Fracture: fracture in which the skin is perforated and there is an open wound down to the fracture
Aphasia defect or loss of the ability to speak or write (or understand spoken/written language)
Bradycardia slowness of the heart beat
Tachycardia: excessive rapidity in the action of the heart
Tetraplegia paralysis of all four limbs
Comminuted Fracture: a fracture in which the bone is broken into pieces
Spina bifida congenital defect in the spinal column, characterized by the absence of the vertebral arches through which the spinal membranes and spinal cord may protrude
Osteoporosis a reduction in the amount of bone mass leading to fractures after minimal trauma
Scoliosis: congenital lateral curvature of the spine
Quadriplegia: paralysis of all four limbs
Hemiplegia: paralysis of one side of the body
Subluxation: abnormal movement of one of the bones that comprise a joint. Not a true dislocation, just partial.
- Paresis weakness
- plegia paralysis
- stenosis narrowing
- megaly large
- malacia softening
- algia pain
- trophy food/nutrition
ADL Activities of Daily Living
SOB short of breath
PO by mouth (per os)
IV intravenous
Hct Hematocrit
OOB out of bed
HPI History of Present Illness
AK Above Knee
BK Below the Knee
A & O Alert and Oriented
ABG Aterial Blood Gas
DM Diabetes Mellitus
AMA American Medical Association or Against Medical Advice
bid twice a day
BP Blood Pressure
Bx Biopsy
CA Cancer
TKR Total Knee Replacement
TIA Transient Ischemic Attack
Sx Symptom
MS Multiple Sclerosis
SNF Skilled Nursing Facility
Rx Treatment
MI Myocardial Infarction
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
CVA Cerebral Vascular Accident
D/C Discharge
DOB Date of Birth
EKG or ECG Electrocardiogram
F/U Follow Up
GI Gastrointestinal
HNP Herniated Nucleus Pulposus
HTN Hypertension
LBP Low Back Pain
LE Lower Extremity
UE Upper Extremity
WNL Within Normal Limits
PCA Patient Controlled Analgesia
PMH Past Medical History
Created by: jpowley