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KLS Final Review ALL

Light Year Distance light travels in a year
Parallax Apparent movement of a star when seen from different positions
Revolution Movement of the earth around the sun; takes 365 days or one year
Lithosphere Layer that contains plates and is located in the crust and upper mantle
Craters Round holes caused by asteroid impacts
Geocentric Earth centered universe or solar system
Heliocentric Sun centered solar system
Mass Movement the down hill movement of earth materials caused by gravity
Force of Gravity Factors Mass and distance
Smallest Terrestrial Planet Mercury
Largest Terrestrial Planet Earth
Sun's Core Center of sun where nuclear fusion takes place
solar wind stream of electrically charged particles that extend out from sun's corona
Quantitative Observation that uses numbers
Qualitative Observation that does not use numbers
Formula for Density D = m/v (density = mass/volume
Hydrosphere earth system that contains all of the earth's water
Evaporation Process where liquid water is turned into a gas (water vapor) and goes into the atmosphere
Relief difference in elevation between the highest and lowest parts of an area
Landslides, mudflows, slumps, creep, avalanches, rock slides examples of mass movement
Deposition Process by which sediment settles out of water or wind carrying it
Main use of satellites observing earth's surface
Fossil Any trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
Stages of Rocket Act as an engine for rocket and separates after it burn's all their fuel and falls to earth
Examples of Physical Science electricity, magnetism, flight
Balance used to measure mass
Graduated Cylinder used to measure volume
Scale used to measure weight
Estimate approximation used when cannot obtain exact numbers
Precipitation any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches the earth's surface
1st Law of Planetary Motion Discovered by Kepler, says that planets orbit the sun in an ellipse
Inner planets with water earth, mars
Law of Superposition The lower the layer of of earth rocks and dirt, the older the layer
Space Station large, artificial satellite on which people can live and work
Remote Sensing Making observations from a distance without coming into direct contact
Phases of Moon Different parts or shapes of the moon seen from earth caused because the moon is being looked at from different positions
Indication of Planet by Distant Star star has a very slight back and forth motion
Pressure inside earth increases as you go down
Common Characteristics of Outer Planets Large in size, many moons, rings, far apart, made of gas like hydrogen and helium
leeward Side of mountain facing away from wind, has a very dry climate, little to no plant growth
windward Side of mountain facing toward the wind, has a wet climate with a lot of rainfall, a lot of plant growth
Coastal Plain Plain that lies along coast by ocean, usually has a low elevation
Interior Plain Plain that lies away from oceans or coast, usually higher in elevation compared to a coastal plain
Cool Air verses Warm Air Cool air is more dense and flows under warm air
Examples of Earth and Space Science study of earthquakes, study of volcanoes, study of stars
Scientific Law what scientists expect to happen every time under a particular set of conditions
Granite to Sandstone Process Depostion - granite paticles settle on ocean floor and are compacted to form sandstone
Refracting Telescope telescope that uses convex lenses to gather and focus light
Wegener's Theory of Continental Drift The continents were once joined together in a large land mass called Pangaea and then broke apart and have been drifting apart ever since
models of atoms used because atoms are too small to see
independent variable the variable that you purposely change during an experiment
dependent variable the variable in an experiement that is changed as a result of the independent variable
Local Winds occur in a small area because of unequal heating in a small area
global winds occur because of unequal heating between the poles and the equator and occur over large areas
less mass in air volume less dense the air
more mass in air volume more dense the air
Created by: simonsa