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Skull: cranium bones, plus spine to pelvis.

Frontal Anterior Bone
Parietal Superior Bones.
Temporal Side bones.
External Acoustic Meatus Ear hole.
Styloid Process Sharp projection, muscle attachment.
Zygomatic Process Bridge bone attaching to cheek.
Mastoid Process Muscle attachment.
Occipital Posterior bone.
Lambdoid Suture Connects to parietal bones.
Foramen Magnum Large hole where spinal cord enters brain.
Occipital Condyles Flat regions where first vertebrae rest on.
Sella Turcia Encloses pituitary gland.
Foramen Ovale Allows cranial nerve five to pass to the chewing muscles.
Optic Canal Allows optic nerve to go through.
Sinuses Lighten skull, enhance voice, humidify and filter air we breathe.
Crista Galli Brain covering attaches to this.
Cribriform Plates Nasal nerve fibres travel through.
Maxilla Upper jaw.
Mandible Lower jaw.
Palatine Posterior roof of mouth.
Zygomatic Cheekbones.
Lacrimal Small bones forming walls of eye orbit; tear passageway.
Nasal Nose.
Vomer Inner nose.
Hyoid Bone Only bone that doesn't attach to any other bone. Movable base for tongue, Attachment pint for neck muscles, Raise and lower larynx to swallow and speak.
Fonatels Soft spots of the fetal skull that convert to bone by 22-24 months. Allows skull to be compressed during birth, Allow the brain to grow.
Vertebral Column: Composed of 26 irregular bones.
Cervical Vertebrae 7.
Thoracic Vertebrae 12.
Lumbar Vertebrae 5.
Sacral 5 fused.
Coccyx 4 fused.
Vertebrae Facts (3) Vertebrae are separated by intervertebral disks. High water content and are spongy and compressible. Herniated "slipped" discs: disk protrudes and causes great pain.
Scoliosis "S" shaped sideways curve.
Kyphosis Thoracic vertebrae is curved outward: "hunchback".
Lordosis Lumbar vertebrae is curved inward: "bubble butt".
Female Pelvis (5) Inlet is larger and more circular. Shallower and lighter. Illium bones flare laterally. Sacrum is shorter and less curved. Pubic arch is more rounded.
Created by: UtauxIkuto