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COD N2 Renal

QuestionAnswer
Acute renal failure (ARF) is the sudden loss of renal function
Kidney transplant is a treatment for people with: stage 5 Cronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
What is a UTI? is an infection involving the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra. A UTI is labeled according to the region of the infection.
Creatinine clearance: compares the level of creatinine in urine with the creatinine level in the blood. (Creatinine is a breakdown product of creatine, which is an important part of muscle.) The test helps provide information on kidney function
Glomerular filtration rate is a test used to check how well the kidneys are working. Specifically, it estimates how much blood passes through the tiny filters in the kidneys, called glomeruli, each minute
Neohrotic syndrome is a genetic term that refers to a kidney disorder characterized by urinary protein losses greater than 3.0 g/day
oliguria diminished urine production and excretion in relation to fluid intake
Dysuria pain or burning during urination
Urgency the sensation of not being able to hold urine
Age factors of UTI's NB-6 mths more common in boys 1-65 yrs of age it is more common in femals beccause of the anatomy of the female urethra
These people don't have usual UTI symptoms Pregnant women
Nephrotic syndrome a group of symptoms: proteinuria, Hypoalbuminemia, hypercholesterolemia
Proteinuria increase protein in the urine
hypoalbuminemia decrease of albumin in the urine
hypercholesterolemia high serum chelesterol
As the kidney deteriorates, the conversion of this vitamin to it's active form is impaired Vitamin D
These proteins in CKD patients are emphasized because they provide a higher percentage of essential amino acids High-biologic value proteins
Sources of High-biologic value protein Eggs, fish, poultry, milk, yogurt, cheese, soy
Protein allowance in stage 5 is ____% higher than the recommended daily allowance to account for the loss of serum proteins and amino acids in the dialysate. 50%
Dialysate is the dialysis solution used to extract wastes and fluid from the blood
Relating to Nephrotic Syndrome:the goals of nutrition therapy are to: minimize edema, proteinuria & hyperlipidemia; Replace nutrients lost in urine; Reduce the risk of progressive renal damage and athersclerosis
What are some medications for lower UTI's Antifolates: Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole D.S(Bactrim)Floroquinolones:Ciprofloxacin(Cipro, Ciloxan)CEPHALOSPORINS 1st gen.Cephalexin (bioseph, keflex, keftab) PENICILLINS:Amoxicillin&Clavulanic acid (augmentin)Nitrofurantion(Macrobid,furalan, macrodanti
Nursing management of Lower UTI's Pain relief, Promote to prevent infection, maintain F&E balance, client teaching on prevention, administer medications
CKD- Cronic Kidney Disease is a syndrom of progressive kidney damage and loss of function
Relating to CKD:the goals of nutrition therapy are to Reduce the workload on the Kidneys or to prevent further damage, restore or maintain optimal nutritional status, control accumulation of uremic toxins (urea, phos, Na+, and sometimes K+)
Created by: jaymee4647