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MCC Drugs

EMTP class

trade namegeneric namedrug classaction
activated charcoal (blank) absorbents bind to and hold onto various agents
kayexalate sodium polystyrene absorbents hold onto varios agents
adderall (blank) amphetamines Inc BP, HR, RR
ritalin (blank) amphetamines increase BP, HR, RR
Capoten captopril ACE-I inhibit angiotensin enzyme; Decrease BP
Vasotec Enalapril ACE-I inhibit angiotensin enzyme; Decrease BP
Prinivil; Zestril Lisinopril ACE-I inhibit angiotensin enzyme; Decrease BP
NaHCO3 (blank) Alkalinizing/Buffer buffer the blood
THAM (blank) Alkalinizing/Buffer buffer the blood; more effective but more expensive
Hytrin terazosin hcl Alpha antagonist block peripheral alpha 1 receptors
flomax tamsulosin hcl alpha antagonist blocks peripheral alpha 1 receptors
Atacand (blank) ARB block agiotensin receptor; better than ACEI b/c no cough
Diavan (blank) ARB block agiotensin receptor; better than ACEI b/c no cough
Avapril (blank) ARB block agiotensin receptor; better than ACEI b/c no cough
Cozaar (blank) ARB block agiotensin receptor; better than ACEI b/c no cough
tums; rolaids; malox (blank) antacids neutralize acid in stomach
Gavakan (blank) antacid works best for GERD
Calan Verapamil Ca channel blockers suppress automaticity; increase time phase 2
Cardizem diltiazem Ca channel blockers suppress automaticity; increase time phase 2
Adenocard Adenosine Anti arrhythmic- purine cholinergic effect on heart
Lidocaine Xylacaine na channel blockers prevention automaticity of abnormal pacemakers
Procainamide (blank) na channel blockers prevention automaticity of abnormal pacemakers
Quinidine Quiniglute na channel blockers prevention automaticity of abnormal pacemakers
atropine (blank) anticholinergic drying effect on broncho; Inc HR,
atrovent ipratropium bromide anticholinergic drying effect on broncho; Inc HR,
bentyl dicyclomine hcl anticholinergic drying effect on broncho; Inc HR,
lopid gemfibiozil antilipemic interfer with liver's production of cholesterol
zocor simvastatin antilipemic interfer with liver's production of cholesterol
lescol flurstatin antilipemic interfer with liver's production of cholesterol
fiber metamuscal antilpemic interfer with liver's production of cholesterol
valium diazepam benzodiazapine sedative; not an analegisic; anxialytic; amnesia
versed midazolam benzodiazapine sedative; not an analegisic; anxialytic; amnesia
halcion triazolam benzodiazapine sedative; not an analegisic; anxialytic; amnesia
lopressor metoprolol tartrate Beta blocker - cardiospecific Decrease BP, HR, MVO2, RR
Tenormin atenolol beta blocker - cardiospecfic Decrease BP, HR, MVO2, RR
Inderal Propranolol Beta blocker (blank)
Digitec Digoxin Cardiac Glycosides poisons ATPase pump; Trap K,Ca, Na in cell; slows automaticity
Lanoxiap, Lanoxin, Digitalis (blank) Cardiac Glycosides poisons ATPase pump; Trap K,Ca, Na in cell; slows automaticity
Metamucil (blank) Bulk Cathartic puts fiber in GI tract which cant be absorbed
Citracil (blank) Bulk Cathartic puts fiber in GI tract which cant be absorbed
Bisacoydal (blank) Parastaltic Cathartic Increa parastolsis; Increase contraction of GI muscle
Regline (blank) Parastaltic Cathartic closes cardiac sphincter and opens pyloric sphincter
Colace (blank) Emolient Cathartic softens stools
Golytely (blank) Osmotic Cathartic water follows salt; water stays in GI tract and softens stools
Lasix furosemide Loop Diuretic blocks reabsorption of water in the loop of henley
HCTZ hydrochlorothiazide Loop Diuretic blocks reabsorption of water in the loop of henley
Manitol (blank) Osmotic Diuretic large sugar molecule cant be metabolized by body; pulls fluid into blood; prevent brain swelling
Ipecac, Apomorphine (blank) Emetic stimulate vomiting; need GI tube if done throw up in 20mins; cardiotoxic
Benadryl, Claratine, Zyrtec, Allegra (blank) H1 Block block histamine receptor sites, antipruretics, drying, Preventive
Tagament, Pepcid, Zantac (blank) H2 Block Block H2 in stomach lining, used for tx, ex GERD
Nodoz caffine methylxanthines CNS, Cardiac, Resp stimulant, bronchodilator
Theobromine in chocolate methylxanthines CNS, Cardiac, Resp stimulant, bronchodilator
Theophylline aminophylline methylxanthines CNS, Cardiac, Resp stimulant, bronchodilator
opiods, morphine, fentanyl, codine (blank) narcotics pain relief, euphoria, decrease LOC, touch, awareness
Nitrostat, nitrobid, nitroderm (blank) Nitrates venodilators, decrease MVO2
Tylenol Acetaminaphen Non narcotic analgesic pain reliever, antipyretic, not protein bound
Aspirin, Ecotrin Enteracoated NSAIDS antipyretic, analgesic, anti inflammatory, highly protein bound
Prednisone, Methylprednisolone, Decadrone (blank) Steroid relieves inflammation; inhibit WBC from chemotaxic
Epinephrine Adrenaline sympathomimetic; Adrenergic mimics Sympathetic ns;
Dopamine Introprin Sypathomimetic, Adrenergic mimics Sympathetic ns;
Albuteral Proventil sympathomimetic mimic sympathetic ns
Neosynephrine phenylephrine sympathomimetic mimic sympathetic ns
Created by: cmcguire