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KF - Acid-Base

Acid-Base Balance

ROME Resp, Opposite, Metabolic Equal
Metabolic Acidosis de. pH, normal PCO2, de. HCO3 RF: diarrhea, fever, hypoxia, starvation, seizure, overdose (ethanol), RF Sx: bradycardia, wek pulses, hypotension, tachypnea, flaccid paralysis, confusion
Metabolic Alkalosis in. pH, normal PCO2, in. HCO3 RF: antacids, GI suction, hypoK, TPN, blood transfusion Sx: dizziness, paresthesias, hypertonic muscles, de. resp
Resp Acidosis de pH, in PCO2, normal HCO3 RF: resp depression, pneumothorax, airway obs., inadequate vent Sx: dizziness, palpitations, muscle twitching, convulsions
Resp Alkalosis in. pH, de. PCO2, normal HCO3 RF: hypervent, hypoxemia, altitude sickness, asthma, pna Sx: tachypnea, anxiety, tetany, paresthesias, palpiations, chest pain
Lungs regulate carbonic acid through respiration
Kidneys regulate bicarbonate by rention or excretion
Created by: kmf06007