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Science Final Mrs. H

Audrey, Lauren, and Hannah's Science Stack

QuestionAnswer
AREA IN ATMOSPHERE WITH LOWER PRESSURE THAN SURROUNDING AREAS WITH WINDS THAT SPIRAL TOWARD THE CENTER CYCLONE
SHORT TERM STATE OF ATMOSPHERE INCLUDING TEMPERATURE, HUMIDITY, PRECIPITATION, WIND, AND VISIBILITY WEATHER
AMOUNT OF WATER VAPOR IN AIR HUMIDITY
RATIO OF AMOUNT OF WATER VAPOR IN THE AIR TO THE MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF WATER VAPOR THE AIR CAN HOLD RELATIVE HUMIDITY
CHANGE OF STATE FROM A GAS TO A LIQUID CONDENSATION
COLLECTION OF SMALL WATER DROPLETS OR ICE CRYSTALS SUSPENDED IN AIR WHICH FORMS WHEN AIR COOLS AND CONDENSES CLOUD
ANY FORM OF WATER THAT FALLS TO EARTH'S SURFACE FROM CLOUDS PRECIPITATION
LARGE BODY OF AIR WHERE TEMPERATURE AND MOISTURE CONTENT ARE CONSTANT THROUGHOUT AIR MASS
BOUNDARY BETWEEN AIR MASSES OF DIFFERENT DENSITIES AND USUALLY DIFFERENT TEMPERATURES FRONT
ROTATION OF AIR AROUND A HIGH PRESSURE CENTER IN DIRECTION OPPOSITE TO EARTH'S ROTATION ANTICYCLONE
BRIEF HEAVY STORM WITH RAIN, WINDS, LIGHTNING, AND THUNDER THUNDERSTORM
ELECTRIC DISCHARGE THAT TAKES PLACE BETWEEN 2 OPPOSITELY CHARGED SURFACE i. e. 2 CLOUDS, A CLOUD AND THE GROUND, OR BETWEEN 2 PARTS OF ONE CLOUD LIGHTNING
SOUND CAUSED BY RAPID EXPANSION OF AIR ALONG AN ELECTRICAL STRIKE THUNDER
DESTRUCTIVE ROTATING COLUMN OF AIR WITH HIGH WIND SPEEDS VISIBLE AS FUNNEL-SHAPED CLOUD AND TOUCHES GROUND TORNADO
SEVERE STORM DEVELOPS OVER TROPICAL OCEANS AND WHOSE STRONG WINDS OF MORE THAN 120KM/HR SPIRAL TOWARD INTENSLY LOW-PRESSURE CENTER HURRICANE
INSTRUMENT THAT MEASURES TEMPERATURE. THERMOMETER
INSTRUMENT THAT MEASURES ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE BAROMETER
INSTRUMENT THAT MEASURES WIND SPEEDS ANEMOMETER
STUDY OF EARTHQUAKES SEISMOLOGY
BENDING, TILTING, AND BREAKING OF CRUST; CHANGE IN SHAPE OF ROCK DUE TO STRESS DEFORMATION
SUDDEN RETURN OF ELASTICALLY DEFORMED ROCK TO ITS UNDEFORMED SHAPE ELASTIC REBOUND
WAVE OF ENERGY TRAVELS THROUGH EARTH AWAY FROM EARTHQUAKE IN ALL DIRECTIONS SEISMIC WAVE
SEISMIC WAVE CAUSES PARITCLES OF ROCK TO MOVE IN BACK AND FORTH DIRECTION P WAVE
SEISMIC WAVE WITH PARTICLES THAT MOVE SIDE TO SIDE S WAVE
RECORDS VIBRATIONS IN GROUND AND DETERMINES LOCATION AND STRENGTH OF EARTHQUAKES SEISMOGRAPH
TRACING OF EARTHQUAKE CREATED BY SEISMOGRAPH SEISMOGRAM
POINT ON EARTH'S SURFACE ABOVE AN EARTHQUAKE'S STARTING POINT OR FOCUS EPICENTER
POINT ALONG A FAULT AT WHICH THE FIRST MOTION OF AN EARTHQUAKE OCCURS FOCUS
BASED ON AN IDEA THAT A MAJOR EARTHQUAKE IS LIKELY TO OCCUR ALONG PART OF AN ACTIVE FAULT WHERE NO EARTHQUAKES HAVE OCCURRED FOR A CERTAIN PERIOD OF TIME GAP HYPOTHESIS
AREA ALONG FAULT WHERE FEW EARTHQUAKES HAVE OCCURRED RECENTLY BUT WHERE STRONG EARTHQUAKES HAVE OCCURRED IN THE PAST SEISMIC GAP
VENT OR FISSURE IN EARTH'S SURFACE THROUGH WHICH MAGMA AND GASSES ARE EXPELLED VOLCANO
BODY OF MOLTEN ROCK THAT FEEDS A VOLCANO MAGMA CHAMBER
OPENING AT A SURFACE OF EARTH THROUGH WHICH VOLCANIC MATERIAL PASSES THROUGH VENT
FUNNEL-SHAPED PIT NEAR THE TOP OF THE CENTRAL VENT OF A VOLCANO CRATER
LARGE, SEMICIRCULAR DEPRESSION THAT FORMS WHEN THE MAGMA CHAMBER BELOW A VOLCANO PARTIALLY EMPTIES AND CAUSES THE GROUND ABOVE TO SINK CALDERA
WIDE, FLAT LANDFORM THAT RESULTS FROM REPEATED NONEXPLOSIVE ERUPTIONS OF LAVA THAT SPREAD OVER ALONG AREAS LAVA PLATEAU
AREA OF DEEP CRACKS THAT FORMS BETWEEN 2 TECTONIC PLATES THAT ARE PULLING AWAY FROM EACH OTHER RIFT ZONE
VOLCANICALLY ACTIVE AREA OF EARTH'S SURFACE FAR FROM A TECTONIC PLATE BOUNDARY HOT SPOTS
TECTONIC PLATES CONSIST OF CONTINENTAL AND OCEANIC CRUST
A POSSIBLE RESULT OF PLATES MOVING ALONG A TRANSFORM BOUNDARY IS EARTHQUAKES
IN A NORMAL FAULT THE DOES HOW DOES THE HANGING WALL MOVE IN RELATION TO THE FOOTWALL DOWNWARD
IN A REVERSE FAULT HOW DOES A HANGING WALL MOVE IN RELATION TO THE FOOTWALL UPWARD
ALL THE CONTINENTS STARTED AS ONE LARGE CONTINENT CALLED PANGAEA
MOST EARTHQUAKES HAPPEN ALONG THE EDGE OF TECTONIC PLATES
BREAK IN EARTH'S CRUST ALONG WHICH BLOCKS OF CRUST SLIDE IN RELATION TO ONE ANOTHER IS A FAULT
WHAT TYPE OF WAVE IS A SHEAR WAVE A BODY WAVE
HOW MUCH MORE TIMES GROUND MOTION IS A MAGNITUDE OF 5.0 THAN OF 4.0 10X MORE
SCALE USED TO MEASURE THE STRENGTH OF AN EARTHQUAKE RICHTER MAGNITUDE
THE INTENSITY OF AN EARTHQUAKE IS PARTIALLY MEASURED BY THE AMOUNT OF DAMAGE CAUSED
WHAT SCALE MEASURES THE INTENSITY OF AN EARTHQUAKE MODIFIED MERCALLI INTENSITY SCALE
WHAT SCALE MEASURES THE STRENGTH OF AN EARTHQUAKE RICHTER MAGNITUDE SCALE
WHAT IS ANOTHER NAME FOR THE STRENGTH OF AN EARTHQUAKE MAGNITUDE
WHAT ARE THE TWO TYPES OF STRESS ON TECTONIC PLATES TENSION AND COMPRESSION
ACCORDING TO CONTINENTAL DRIFT THEORY, WHAT WAS THE FIRST CONTINENT CALLED PANAEA
WHAT DID PANGAEA BREAK INTO LAURASIA AND GONDWANA
IS GONDWANA NORTH OR SOUTH OF LAURASIA SOUTH
TECTONIC PLATES "FLOAT" ON ____________. THE ASTHENOSPHERE
MAGNETIC REVERSALS HELP SUPPORT ____________. SEA-FLOOR SPREADING
MID-OCEAN RIDGES ARE THE MOST COMMON TYPE OF ___________. DIVERGENT BOUNDARIES
PROCESS BY WHICH ROCK LAYERS ARE RAISED TO HIGHER ELEVATION UPLIFT
WHERE TWO PLATES COLLIDE CONVERGENT BOUNDARY
WHERE TWO PLATES SEPARATE DIVERGENT BOUNDARY
WHERE TWO PLATES SLIDE PAST EACH OTHER TRANSFORM BOUNDARY
STRESS AT A DIVERGENT BOUNDARY TENSION
STRESS AT A CONVERGENT BOUNDARY COMPRESSION
UPWARD ARCHING ROCK LAYER ANTICLINE
DOWNWARD ARCHING ROCK LAYER SYNCLINE
A HANGING WALL MOVES DOWNWARD IN RELATION TO THE FOOTWALL IN A ___________ FAULT. NORMAL
A HANGING WALL MOVES UPWARD IN RELATION TO THE FOOTWALL IN A ___________ FAULT. REVERSE
MOST EARTHQUAKES HAPPEN ALONG THE EDGES OF____________. TECTONIC PLATES
WHAT IS THE METHOD USED TO FIND AN EARTHQUAKE'S EPICENTER. S-P TIME METHOD
AN EXTINCT VOLCANO______________. HAS NEVER ERUPTED
WHICH LAVA FLOWS LIKE DRIPPING WAX PAHOEHOE
WHERE DO VOLCANOES MOSTLY FORM ALONG PLATE BOUNDARIES
IF THE WATER CONTENT OF MAGMA IS HIGH WHAT KIND OF EXPLOSION IS LIKELY TO OCCUR EXPLOSIVE
_____________ MEASURES THE SLOPE OF A VOLCANO. TILTMETER
Created by: auds108