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2431 Final

QuestionAnswer
Isotonic Solutions have the same concentration or osmolality as blood. Used to expand the fluid volume of the body. Help maintain fluid balance
5%Dextrose in .225% Saline Isotonic
Ringers Lactate Isotonic
Veins preferred for infusions and intermittent doses of medications are those distal to the antecubital area
Cephalic, basilic and antebrachial veins of the lower arm and the veins on the back of the hand are the sites of choice for most adult patients
Seection of the IV site consider: accessibility of the vein, its general condition, type of fluid, and duration of therapy.
pREPARING CLIETNT FOR VENIPUNCTURE CLIENT EDUCATION; ANSWER QUESTIONS. sITE SELECTION, PIERCING A PERI VEIN: VARIOUS DEVICES, DIFFERING GAUGE OR DIAMETER.
Starting IV infusion: remove air by priming the tube. Place time tape label on IV container and mark grads, Verify IV solution and pts id, Remove excess hair, Apply tourniquet 6" above site, put towel under pts arm, don gloves, pump fist...
Starting IV infusion part 2 Insert caatheter at 15-25 degree angle. upon flashback insert further and release tourniquet. Attach IV tubing. Regulate solution flow, Verify running with no swelling, Clean up.
Documenting IV infusion starting: Location of site, type of cath, and solution started.
Simple IV solutions used in medical conditions that disrupt acid base balance or fluid and electrolyte balance are delivered via a IV catheter through a peripheral forearm vein
Colloid solutions water and molecules of suspended solutions
Colloid solutions are used for replacing circulating blood volume, blood, blood productsx, plasma expanders, whole blood, blood ceslls, blood, lood, blood, blood, bloooooooooood.
Y admin tubing Used for infuidng certain blood products, and 9% Saline
Fluid overload S/s crackles in the lungs, rapid pulse, SOB and distended neck veins.
Hypertonic Solutions More concentrated than plasma, infrequent use, used for reducing cerebral edema, expanding circulatory volume rapidly and parenteral nutrition.
5% dextrose in .45% saline hypertonic
Created by: christinego