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Ch6-10 HLTH 160

A precursor to skin cancers is actinic keratosis.
Appearance and location of the lesions confirm the diagnosis of each of the three types of skin carcinoma. false
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer. true
One of the most common skin disorders marked by an inflammatory condition of the sebaceous glands is seborrheic dermatitis.
The followiing statement(s) is(are) true about scabies and pediculosis. They are two most common parasitic infections to infest man.
The most common premalignant tumors are actinic keratosis and nevi.
Tinea capitis, tinea corporis, tinea pedis and tinea cruris are manifestations of dermatophytosis.
_____ is a serious form of skin cancer that often ulcerates, forms a crust, and has a tendency to metastasize if allowed to reach an advanced stage. Squamous cell carcinoma
_____ is an eruption of extremely painful vesicles that occur in a bandlike unilateral pattern along the course of a peripheral nerve. Herpes zoster
_____ is an abscess that involves the entire hair follicle and adjacent subcutaneous tissue. A furuncle
A degenerative disorder of the metatarsal-phalangeal joint of the great toe is called hallus rigidus.
A progressive degeneration and weakening of the skeletal muscles is known as muscular dystrophy
A vitamin D deficiency can cause this abnormal metabolic bone disease osteomalacia.
A _____ is a benign growth filled with a jellylike substance. It commonly develops on the back of the wrist and may be caused by repetitive injury. ganglion
An infection in a bone, which can lead to an abscess formation and sequestrum if not properly cared for, is called osteomyelitis.
An inflammatory response at the heel bone, which is a common problem in individuals active in sports and especially in runners, is plantar fasciitis and spur
Chronic, progressive, inflammatory disease of bones and joints caused by degenerative changes in the cartilage is called osteoarthritis.
Inflammation of the bursae is called polymyositis. false
The skeletal system is composed of 306 bones. false
_____ is a hereditary group of conditions of the connective tissue that causes an abnormal growth of the extremities. Cardiovascular complications are common. Marfan syndrome
Inflammation, infection, or irritation of the large serous membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and folds over the visceral organs is called peritonitis.
Mechanical obstruction of the bowel can result from neoplasm, fecal impaction, volvulus, or intussusception.
Pain and limitation of the movement of the jaw with tinnitus as a result of inflammation of the temporomandibular joints is characteristic of TMJ syndrome.
Pseudomembranous enterocolitis is related to use of broad spectrum antibiotics.
The primary treatment of gastric cancer may include gastric resection usually followed by chemoradiotherapy.
The treatment of oral leukoplakia is finding or correcting the source of irritation or both.
Abdominal discomfort with maximum tenderness of the abdomen at McBurney's point, nausea, vomiting, fever, diarrhea, or constipation, are clinical signs of appendicitis
Cancer of the liver is usually a secondary cancer.
Cholelithiasis, which causes obstruction of bile ducts, causes the patient to experience biliary colic, with radiating pain, and jaundice.
Hiatal hernia can be caused by a weakness that develops in the diaphragm.
Inflammation of the gallbladder commonly associated with gallstones is called cholecystitis.
Barrett's esophagus is a severe consequence of GERD. true
Cancer of the pancreas is twice as common in men as women and is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States. true
A fairly common chronic inflammatory disease of the alimentary canal involving all layers of the bowel, which causes chronic diarrhea, is Crohn disease
A collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity, resulting in a collapsed lung, describes a condition called pneumothorax.
A double fracture of three or more adjacent ribs resulting in instability in the chest wall describes a patient with flail chest.
An area of contained infectious material in the lung is known as pulmonary abscess.
Of primary importance in the diagnosis of hemoptysis is determination of the source of the bleeding.
Severe hypoxemia in a patient who has recently experienced trauma is called shock lung or ARDS.
The common symptom of a tumor of the larynx is dysphonia
The Epstein-Barr virus is the cause of infectious mononucleosis.
The pneumonia-like disease caused by bacteria that thrive in warm aquatic environments and are inhaled from moisture droplets in air conditioning units is called Legionella infection.
_____ is a fungal disease originating in the lungs, with the greatest occurrence in the Midwestern United States. Histoplasmosis
Histoplasmosis COPD
Pontiac fever is a milder form of Legionellosis; both forms are not contagious. True
A vasospastic disease of the fingers, hands, or feet resulting in pain, numbness, and sometimes discoloration is Raynaud disease.
Cardiomyopathy is a noninflammatory disease of the cardiac muscle. true
Joint and bone pain, fever, weight loss, fatigue, weakness, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, and enlarged lymph glands are typical symptoms of leukemia.
Mitral stenosis usually is the result of rheumatic heart disease. true
Painless enlargement of the lymph nodes, severe itching, fever, night sweats, weight loss, fatigue and malaise are symptoms of Hodgkin disease
The cause of essential hypertension is unknown. true
The chronic hereditary form of anemia found predominately in the black race is called sickle cell anemia.
The condition that results in painless gross swelling of an extremity is lymphedema.
Question 13 of 20 Score: 1 (of possible 1 point) The condition where fat-containing substances are deposited on the coronary artery lumens causing a narrowing is coronary artery disease
The patient who complains of sudden onset of severe headache, blurred vision, and dyspnea may be suffering from malignant hypertension.
The procedure where a catheter with a balloon is threaded into a coronary artery and expanded to compress the plaque and widen the lumen is called angioplasty
Created by: 592816761