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Diseases Final KCC

Diseases Final

Inflammatory infections of the hair follicles of the eyelid are called styes.
A chronic, progressive neuromuscular disease that is characterized by extreme muscular weakness (generally appearing first in the face) and progressive fatigue is myasthenia gravis.
Conjunctivitis can be caused by infection, irritation, allergies or chemicals.
The only treatment that cures otosclerosis is a surgical procedure called stapedectomy. true
Reye syndrome has been linked with the use of aspirin to treat chicken pox and influenza true
Pyridostigmine bromide (Mestinon) is the drug of choice for treatment of myasthenia gravis.
Placement of sharp objects into the ear canal, an explosion, a severe middle ear infection, or a blow to the ear could result in a ruptured tympanic membrane.
Adrenal insufficiency, with progressive destruction of the adrenal gland, is called Addison disease.
The master gland of the endocrine system is the pituitary gland.
Damage to the pituitary gland, which causes hypopituitarism, can result from radiation; surgical removal; ischemia
The presence of a painless lump or nodule on the thyroid gland should raise the suggestion of cancer of the thyroid gland.
The disease that involves impairment of intestinal motility, which causes obstruction of the distal colon, is called Hirschprung disease
The person experiencing insulin shock requires simple sugar. true
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is progressive and causes crippling and immobility
Hyperparathyroidism or overproduction of parathyroid hormone (PTH) causes increased breakdown of bone; hypercalcemia; cardiac arrhytmias and renal caliculi
Keratitis is frequently caused by an infection of herpes simplex virus. true
Cryptorchidism is the failure of the testicle(s) to descend into the scrotum
Rapid heartbeat and palpitations, increased metabolism, weight loss, nervousness, excitability, profuse perspiration, excessive thirst, muscular weakness, exophthalmos, and the presence of a goiter are symptoms and signs of Graves disease; primary hyperthryoidism; overproduction of thyroid hormone
A deficiency in the release of vasopressin (antidiuretic hormone [ADH]) by the posterior pituitary gland causes diabetes insipidus.
Dysfunction of the endocrine system results in decreased or increased secretion of hormones. true
There are no cures for connective tissue diseases, and treatment is only palliative. true
The middle ear is normally air filled. true
The inflammatory disease of the CNS that attacks the myelin sheath is multiple sclerosis.
In hydrocephalus a large amount of cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the skull causing increased intracranial pressure. true
With proper therapy the prognosis for children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) is generally good
Necrotizing enterocolitis is an acute inflammatory process resulting from ischemic recrosis of the lining of the bronchial tubes false
Vision impairment as a result of old age and the loss of elasticity in the lens is called presbyopia
A defect in the _____ results in difficulty in visual detection of color and fine detail. cones
Injections of vitamin B12, which must be continued for life, are the primary treatment for pernicious anemia. true
Leukemia is characterized by an abnormal decrease in the number of immature white blood cells. false
A collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity, resulting in a collapsed lung, describes a condition called pneumothorax.
A double fracture of three or more adjacent ribs resulting in instability in the chest wall describes a patient with flail chest
A fairly common chronic inflammatory disease of the alimentary canal involving all layers of the bowel, which causes chronic diarrhea, is Crohn disease.
A progressive degeneration and weakening of the skeletal muscles is known as muscular dystrophy.
A vasospastic disease of the fingers, hands, or feet resulting in pain, numbness, and sometimes discoloration is Raynaud disease.
A vitamin D deficiency can cause this abnormal metabolic bone disease osteomalacia.
Abdominal discomfort with maximum tenderness of the abdomen at McBurney's point, nausea, vomiting, fever, diarrhea, or constipation, are clinical signs of appendicitis
An area of contained infectious material in the lung is known as pulmonary abscess.
An infection in a bone, which can lead to an abscess formation and sequestrum if not properly cafred for, is called osteomyelitis.
Causes of alopecia (baldness) include biliary colic, with radiating pain, and jaundice.
Chronic, progressive, inflammatory disease of bones and joints caused by degenerative changes in the cartilage is called osteoarthritis.
Contact dermatitis can be induced by irritation, sensitization, or photoallergy.
Hiatal hernia can be caused by a weakness that develops in the diaphragm.
Inflammation of the gallbladder commonly associated with gallstones is called cholecystitis.
Joint and bone pain, fever, weight loss, fatigue, weakness, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, and enlarged lymph glands are typical symptoms of leukemia.
Mechanical obstruction of the bowel can result from neoplasm, fecal impaction, volvulus, or intussusception.
Of primary importance in the diagnosis of hemoptysis is determination of the source of the bleeding.
One of the most common skin disorders marked by an inflammatory condition of the sebaceous glands is seborrheic dermatitis.
Painless enlargement of the lymph nodes, severe itching, fever, night sweats, weight loss, fatigue and malaise are symptoms of Hodgkin disease.
Pseudomembranous enterocolitis is related to use of broad spectrum antibiotics.
Stasis of blood flow from immobility, injury to a vessel, or predisposition to clot formation increase the risk of pulmonary embolism.
The Epstein-Barr virus is the cause of infectious mononucleosis.
The most common premalignant tumors are actinic keratosis and nevi.
The name of the injury involving the semilunar cartilages in the knee is torn meniscus.
The primary treatment of gastric cancer may include gastric resection usually followed by chemoradiotherapy.
_____ is a fungal disease originating in the lungs, with the greatest occurrence in the Midwestern United States. Histoplasmosis
_____ is a hereditary group of conditions of the connective tissue that causes an abnormal growth of the extremities. Cardiovascular complications are common. Marfan syndrome
_____ is an eruption of extremely painful vesicles that occur in a bandlike unilateral pattern along the course of a peripheral nerve. Herpes zoster
Cardiomyopathy is a noninflammatory disease of the cardiac muscle. true
The somatoform disorder previously called hysteria is conversion disorder.
The disease that encompasses a group of symptoms referred to as the protein-losing kidney is nephrotic syndrome.
Early diagnosis and prompt treatment of PID helps prevent complications including pelvic adhesions; increased risk of ectopic pregnancy; peritonitis and septicemia
The leading cause of deaths attributed to the female reproductive system is ovarian cancer.
Invasive cervical cancer is often considered a preventable disease.
Rust rings on the cornea may be the result of foreign bodies in the eye. True
Treatment of snakebite includes keeping the victim quiet and transporting to an emergency facility.
Carpal tunnel syndrome involves entrapment of the median nerve. True
The soft tissue injury that occurs when a body part becomes entangled or entrapped resulting in skin, tissue, and bone being pulled from the body is a(an avulsion.
The condition of the kidney caused by pressure from urine that cannot flow past an obstruction in the urinary tract is called none of the above
Polycystic kidney disease greatly enlarges the kidneys and leads to kidney failure.
Glomerulosclerosis describes renal changes, which are due to a systemic endocrine disease and are typical of diabetic neuropathy.
Hyperemesis gravidarum is usually self-limiting and transient. false
An acute rapidly progressive disease of the spinal nerves with progressive muscle weakness and paralysis in a 24- to 72-hour period may be indicative of Guillain-Barre syndrome.
An inherited disorder in which the individual displays abrupt, bizarre, involuntary, dancelike movements and a decline in mental functions Huntington's chorea.
The symptoms and signs of toxemia in pregnancy, preeclampsia, and eclampsia includ hypertension, edema, protein in the urine, and convulsions.
The first sign of testicular cancer is a painless lump discovered in the testicle.
Which of the following statements is true about renal cell carcinoma? Risk factors may include smoking, obesity, and prolonged exposure to chemicals such as asbestosis and cadmium.
Dialysis filters out unwanted elements from the blood, usually removed by healthy kidneys; thus the body's proper fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance is maintained.
The most commonly diagnosed STD in the United States is human papillomavirus virus (HPV).
Lithotripsy is a procedure used to examine the urinary tract. false
Pyelonephritis is the most common type of kidney disease. true
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