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Stack #93439

Drug any substance other than food that alters the structure or functioning of a living organism when it enters the bloodstream
Drug Abuse occurs when acceptable social standers of drug use are violated, resulting in adverse psychological, and or social consequences
Drug Addiction refers to a condition in which drug use is compulsive. Users are unable to stop because of their dependency
Symbolic interactionism emphasizes the importance of definitions and labeling, concentrates on the social meanings associated with drug use
Harm reduction position which focuses on minimizing the costs of drug use for both user and society
Deregulation reduction of government control of certain drugs
Legalization of drugs affirm the right of adults to make an informed choice
Decriminalization removing of penalties for certain drugs, would promote a medical rather than criminal approach to drug use that would encourage drug users to seek help
Restorative justice repairing the victim-offender-community relation in direct response to the concerns of the criminal justice system that encourages offenders to deny, justify, or avoid taking responsibility for their actions
Probation entails the conditional release of an offender who for a specific time period and subject to certain conditions remains under court supervision in the community
Deterrence the use of harm or the threat of harm to prevent unwanted behaviors
Situational crime prevention crime could be prevented by minimizing the opportunity for its occurrence
Status offense a violation such as truancy, underage drinking, or running away from home
Delinquent offense - would be considered a crime if committed by an adult
Corporate crime corporations violate the law in the interest of maximizing profit
Corporate violence production of unsafe products and the failure of corporation to provide a safe working environment for their employees result of negligence
Fastest growing computer crime
White collar crime individuals commit crimes in the course of their employment
Organized Crime criminal activity conducted by members of hierarchically arranged structure devoted primarily to making money through illegal means
Vice crimes are victimless crimes include illegal drugs, prostitution, pornography, illegal gambling
Property crime someone’s property is damaged, destroyed or stolen
Classic rape rapist is a stranger who used a weapon and the attack results in bodily harm
Acquaintance rapes - rapes committed by someone the victim knows
Differential association through interaction with others, individuals learns the values and attitudes associated with crime as well as the techniques and motivations for criminal behavior
Secondary deviance results from being caught and labeled
Primary deviance committed before a person is caught and labeled a offender
Labeling Theory How do crime and deviance come to be defined as such and what are the effects of being labeled criminal or deviant?
Conflict Perspective deviance is inevitable whenever two groups have differing degrees of power, the more inequality in a society the greater the crime rate.
Control Theory a strong social bond between individuals and the social order constrains some individuals from violating social norms
Sub cultural theories certain groups or subcultures in society have values and attitudes that are conducive to crime and violence
Ritualism : individual accepts a lifestyle of hard work but rejects the cultural goal of monetary rewards
Rebellion : substitutes new goals or means that differ from societies
Retreatist withdraws or retreats from society through alcohol, drugs, or vagrancy
Structural-Functionalist Perspective crime is functional for society. Crime strengthens group cohesion can lead to social change
Strain Theory argues that when legitimate means of acquiring culturally defined goals are limited by the structure of society, the resulting strain, may lead to crime
Self- Report Offender Surveys ask offenders about their criminal behavior but may be subject to exaggerations and concealment
Victimization Surveys ask people whether they have been victims of crime-provide less reliable data on offenders
Transnational crime “organized criminal activity across one or more national borders”. Is induced by recent trends in globalization i.e. enhanced transportation and communication technologies
Clearance rates measure the percentage of cases in which an arrest and official charge have been made and the case has been turned over to the courts
theft most common crime commited
Created by: Winona11