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Week 4 Terms


Angina The attack of chest pain caused by insufficient supply of oxygen to the heart.
Arrhythmia An irregular heartbeat.
Arteriosclerosis Thickening and hardening of the arteries.
Arthritis Inflammation of the joints.
Asthma Effects a patient's breathing by restricting the airways and oxygen supply due to inflammation, swelling, and irritation.
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) Mental disorder characterized by developmentally inappropriate levels of attention, concentration, activity distractability, and impulsivity.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) A mental disorder characterized by constant impulsive behavior, difficulty in concentration, and hyperactivity that decreases social, academic, or occupational functioning.
Bronchitis Acute inflammation of the bronchial tubes in the lungs.
Cardiovascular Disease Refers to conditions of the heart and circulation system.
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) A potentially fatal condition of the cardiovascular system wherein the heart has lost it's ability to pump blood in and out.
Dementia Progressive memory loss as well as learning and thinking disorders; often leads to Alzheimer's disease.
Diabetes Failure of the body to produce insulin, which is essential for digestion and for retrieving energy from food, in the pancreas.
Edema Abnormal swelling of the body, caused by an increased build-up of fluids in tissues and organs.
Emphysema Irreversible disease (long term smoking) in which there has been severe damage to the alveoli (tiny air sac) in the lungs, resulting in a decrease in the exchange of gases; symptoms are wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and difficulty in breathing.
Gastroesophageal Reflux disease (GERD) Occurs when food is not completey digested and is forced back up the esophagus; the food is very acidic and irritates the esophasus causing heartburn and other symptoms.
Hemorrhage Severe and uncontrollable bleeding. (Can be internal or external).
Hyperlipidemic High Cholesterol
Hypertension Long-term high blood pressure
Inflammation Redness, swelling, pain, or heat in the body tissue(s) caused by physical injury, infection, or irritation.
Nausea Feeling of sickness to the stomach, usually accompanied by the urge to vomit.
Osteoporosis Loss of bone density; it can be the result of calcium deficiency, menopause, certain endocrine diseases, avanced age, medications, or by other risk factors.
Spasm Involuntary muscle contraction.
Virus Very small infectious organism that requires a living cell to reproduce.
Created by: jessee2515