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(TAMUCC) Psych Ch.11

Psychology Terms Ch. 11

an individual's characteristic style of behaving, thinking, and feeling personality
a series of answers to a questionnaire that asks people to indicate the extend to which sets of statements or adjectives accurately describe their own behavior or mental state self-report
a well-researched clinical questionnaire used to assess personality and psychological problems Minnesota Multi-phasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
a standard series of ambiguous stimuli designed to elicit unique responses that reveal inner aspects of an individuals' personality Ex: Rorschach Inkblot Test, Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) projective techniques
a relatively stable disposition to behave in a particular and consistent way trait
"a temporary trait" state
Name The Big Five Openness to experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism (OCEAN)
personality is formed by needs, strivings, and desires largely operating outside of awareness psychodynamic approach
Psychoanalysis: 3 Levels of Thought -Conscious -Preconscious -Unconscious
Psychoanalysis: 3 Basic Structures -ID -Ego -Superego
completely unconscious; contains all of our animalistic, irrational desires the ID
irrational, instinct driven, unrealistic primary process thought
seeks immediate satisfaction of needs and desires. The id "wants what it wants when it wants it." pleasure principle
develops from ID: finds acceptable ways to satisfy the id's impulses the ego
rational and realistic secondary process thought
seeks satisfaction of needs in a rational and realistic way; but, the ego is AMORAL reality principle
contains the moral sense of right and wrong the superego
commands us to strive for moral perfection; however, the superego is NOT rational idealistic principle
unconscious coping mechanisms that reduce anxiety generated by threats from unacceptable impulses defense mechanisms
mind prevents us from consciously attending to unpleasant thoughts. Ex: It's not really happening denial
unknowingly block any potentially dangerous impulses form the id. Ex: Don't even think about it repression
attribute our own unacceptable thoughts to someone else. Ex: Say Susie likes Johnny when you actually like Johnny. projection
redirect impulse toward less threatening targets. Ex: punch the wall displacement
transform unacceptable impulses into acceptable behavior. Ex: working out when angry sublimation
transform unacceptable impulses into their opposite. Ex: acting happy around someone you hate reaction formation
merging our identity with that of the threatening individual. Ex: acting like the person you hate identification
a positive, optimistic view of human nature that highlights people's inherent goodness and their potential for personal growth Humanistic Psychology
individuals are responsible agents who are free to create and live life while negotiating the issue of meaning and the reality of death Existentialist Psychology
person feels he/she IS in control of their life internal locus of control
person feels he/she ISN'T in control of their life external locus of control
a person's explicit knowledge of his or her own behaviors, traits, and other personal characteristics self-concept
the tendency to seek evidence to confirm the self-concept self-verification
the extent to which an individual likes, values, and accepts the self. self-esteem
people's tendency to take credit for their successes but downplay responsibility for their failures self-serving bias
a trait that reflects a grandiose view of the self combined with a tendency to seek admiration from and exploit others narcissism
chart that lists emotional, stable, introverted, and extraverted traits Eysenck's Depiction of Trait Dimensions
Created by: lmarbach