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Fundamentals of Nursing

Nursing Theories - 1Nursing Theories - 2
Theory Supposition or system of ideas that is proposed to explain a given phenomenon.
Concepts Building blocks of theories
Practice Discipline used for fields of study in which the central focus is performance of a professional role.
Conceptual Framework/Model or Grand Theories Group of related ideas, statements or concepts
Paradigm Pattern of of shared understandings and assumptions about reality and the world.
Meta-paradigm with-pattern
Midlevel Theories Focuses on exploration of concepts such as pain, self-esteem, learning and hardiness.
Critical Theories Used in academia to describe theories that help elucidate how social structures affect a wide variety of human experiences from art to social practices. In nursing, it helps explain how these structures as race, gender, etc., affect patient health
Philosophy A belief system, often an early effort to define nursing phenomena and serves as the basis of later theoretical formulations.
Metaparadigm for Nursing (Major Concepts) Person or client, Environment, Health & Nursing
Person or client recipient of nursing care (includes individuals, families, groups and communities).
Environment the internal and external surroundings that affect the client. This includes people in the physical environment, such as families, friends and significant others.
Health the degree of wellness or well-being that the client experiences.
Nursing the attributes, characteristics, and actions of the nurse providing care on behalf of, or in conjunction with, the client.
Florence Nightingale Environmental Theory
Environmental Theory Pure air, water, efficient drainage, cleanliness, sunlight
Hildegard Peplau Interpersonal relations model
Interpersonal Relations Model Orientation, Identification, Exploitation, Resolution
Virginia Henderson Fourteen fundamental needs
Martha Rogers Unitary Human Beings. Non-contact therapeutic touch
Unitary Man Irreducible, Interacts continuously, Behaves in totality, Sentient being
Dorothea Orem Self-care, Self-care deficit, Nursing Systems
Imogene King Goal Attainment Theory
Betty Newman Sytem's Model
Sister Callista Roy Adaptation Model
Madeleine Leininger Cultural Care Diversity and Universality Theory
Jean Watson Caring Theory
Parse Human Becoming Theory
Created by: deesee