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Link 13

Development, Birth, and Genetic Diseases

Another term for labor and delivery is parturation
What stage of labor begins with the onset of regular uterine contractions where the cervix becomes thinner and the opening larger, and the rupture of the amniotic sac may rupture first stage
This stage of labor begins when the cervix is completely dilated and ends with the delivery of the baby second stage
This stage of labor begins after the child is born and ends with the expulsion of the afterbirth third stage
What includes the placenta, the membranes of the amniotic sac, and the umbilical cord afterbirth
What stage of labor begins after expulsion of the afterbirth and constitutes a period in which bleeding is controlled fourth stage
The connection of the zygote to the uterine wall is called implantation
The growing offspring in the early stage of gestation is called an embryo
Name the structure that carries blood to and from the fetus umbilibal cord
A single cell, that is a result of the union of sperm and egg, that rapidly divides into more cells is known as zygote
The developing offspring in the beginning of the third month until birth is known as a fetus
A flat, circular organ containing blood-filled channels and villi that provide nutrition, respiration, and excretion for the offspring is known as the placenta
The period between fertilization and delivery of the baby, approximately 38 weeks is called gestation
A safe, painless, and non-invasive method for studying soft tissue is an ultrasonography
The process by which the fetus is expelled from the uterus is called labor and delivery or partuition
This is another term for navel umbilicus
The surgical procedure in which the mothers perineum is cut before childbirth to prevent tearing of the tissue, then repaired immediately after childbirth is known as episiotomy
The type of twins that develope from a single ovum fertilized by a single sperm which resulted in a single zygote that is later divided into twins is called identical twins
An infant born before the 37th week of gestation and weighing less than 5.5 pounds is known as preterm
An incision made into the abdominal and uterine wall for delivery of a fetus is called cesarean section (C Section)
The types of twins that result from two different ova fertilized by two different sperm at the same time is known as fraternal twins
The lay term for spontaneous abortion is a miscarriage
The loss of an embryo or fetus befor the 20th week or below the weight of 1.1 pounds is called an abortion
The term used to describe a baby who breaths or shows any evidence of life at birth is live birth
The delivery of an infant who is lifeless is termed stillbirth
The artificial or mechanical interruption of pregnancy is an induced abortion
The loss of an embryo of fetus that occurs naturally with no interference is known as an spontaneous abortion
The first secretions of the breast, before milk production, is a thin liquid with a different composition than milk called colostrum
Inflammation of the breast caused by infection is called mastitis
Also called preeclampsia or toxemia of pregnancy that causes hypertension, proteinuria, edema, and sudden weight gain pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH)
The condition following PIH with kideny failure, convulsions, and coma that can lead to death is called eclampsia
A pregnancy that develops outside the uterine cavity is known as ectopic pregnancy
A condition in which the placenta attaches at or near the cervix that causes lack of oxygen to the fetus and painless bleeding is called placenta previa
The condition in which the placenta separates from the uterine wall too early causing hemorrhage is called abruptio placentae
The rare malignant tumor made of placental tissue that spreads rapidly and can be fatal within 3 to 12 months if not treated is called choriocarcinoma
The benign overgrowth of placental tissue causing formation of grape-like cysts that can invade the wall of the uterus causing rupture is called hydatidiform mole
Infection related to childbirth that develops in about 6% of maternity patients is called puperperal infections
A test that involves the removal of a small amount of amniotic fluid for cell cultures and examination is called amniocentesis
A test that can be done earliest in pregnancy that involves the removal of a sample of the hairlike projections of the membrame surrounding the embryo is called chorionic villus sampling (CVS)
How many genetic diseases can be detected befor birth with amniocentesis almost 200
Also called "brittle bone disease" and is causes multiple fractures in infants and young children is called osteogenesis imperfacta
This is seen mainly in European Jews and causes a certen type of fat to be deposited in the central nervous system and retina which generally leads to death by age 4 is known as tay-sachs disease
A progressive degenerative disorder causing rapid, involuntary muscle activity and mental deterioration that appears around age 40 and leads to death within 15 years is called hutington disease
Most common in white people; that causes thick secretions in bronchi, intestines, and pancreatic ducts, blocking these organs is called cystic fibrosis
The disorder of the skin, muscles, and bones causing multiple masses that grow along nerves all over the body is called neurofibromatosis
The lack of an enzyme to metabolize phenylalanine, causing it to accumulate in the blood and urine and if not treated can lead to mental retardation by age 2 is known as phenylketonuria
The disease also known as trisomy 21 due to an extra 21st chromosome that causes distinct facial features, poor muscle tone, lowered immunity, and impaired intellectual functioning is called down syndrome
The disease affecting melanocytes causing very white skin and hair, skin and eyes are abnormally sensitive to light is known as albinism
The connective tissue disease resulting in tall, thin stature whith heart defects is known as marfan syndrome
The lack of folic acid during pregnancy can lead to incomplete closure of the spin is called spina bifida
Name an infection that can cause congenital disorders if a women who is 3-4 months pregnant contracts the infection rubella
What term means present at the time of birth congenital
Any disorder involving the genes may be called a genetic disorder
The disorders that are passed from parent to offspring in the reproductive cells are termed hereditary disorder
What term means genetically transmitted or transmissable hereditary
Created by: maryce