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Medication Cards Lv1

Level One Medication Cards

Name/ClassRoute/UseSide EffectsNursing Interventions
metronidazole/Flagyl Class: Antibacterial, Amebicide Oral, IV, Percutaneous. Use: Acute infections, acute intestinal amebiasis. Nausea, vomiting, skin irritation Take with food (oral dose). Apply gel after cleansing area. Do not drink alcohol.
ampicillin/Principen Class: Penicillin, Antibiotic Oral, IV, IM. Treatment of infections caused by E.Coli, Salmonella, gram positive organisms, meningitis. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea Culture infected area before treatment. Administer on empty stomach with a full glass of water. Do not give with fruit juice or soda.
phenytoin/Dilantin Class: Antiepileptic, Antiarrhythmic Oral, IV. Control of grand mal seizures and psychomotor seizures. Control of status epilepticus. Nausea, vomiting, mental confusion. Take with food. Use contraceptives while taking this drug.
erythromycin base/Akne-mycin Class: Macrolide antibiotic Oral, Percutaneous. Treatment of acne vulgaris, acute infections cause by sensitive strains of streptococcuspneumoniae. Vomiting, diarrhea, local irritation. Culture site of the infection before therapy. Administer oral erythromycin base on empty stomach with a full glass of water. Do not drink grapefruit juice. (Topical) Wash affected area and apply thin application.
metaproterenol sulfate/Alupent Class: Antiasthmatic, Bronchodilator Oral. Prophylaxis and treatment of bronchial asthma and reversible bronchospasm that occurs with bronchitis and emphysema. Restlessness, nausea, vomiting. Use minimal doses for minimal periods-drug tolerance can occur. Switch to syrup if swallowing is difficult. DNE recommended dose.
allopurinol/Aloprim Class: Antigout Oral, IV. Management of the primary and secondary signs of gout. Nausea, vomiting, headache. Administer drug following meals. Drink 3L of water a day. Check urine alkalinity. Arrange for regular medical follow up and blood tests.
ascorbic acid/Vitamin C Class: Vitamins Oral, IV,IM. Prevention and treatment of scurvy. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. Diabetics should use caution and learn the correct way to test urine when taking large amounts of ascorbic acid. Caution patients on low sodium diet. Caution patients w/ renal impairment or kidney stones.
lorazepam/Ativan Class: Benzodiazepine, Sedative-hypnotic Oral, IV, IM. Management of anxiety, insomnia due to anxiety, produce sedation, treatment of epilepsy. Nausea, drowsiness, weakness. Sublingual has most rapid absorption. (Oral) Take with food or w/ juice or water. Taper dose after long term therapy.
trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole/Bactrim Class: Antibacterial Oral. Uncomplicated UTIs caused by bacterial strains. Tratement of acute otitis media. Rash, epigastric distress, fever. Perform culture and sensitivity test before beginning therapy. Protect the 200mg tabs from sunlight. Arrange for periodic blood counts during therapy.
calcium carbonate/Tums Class: Antacid and electrolyte Oral, IV. Dietary supplement when calcium is inadequate. Prevention of hypocalcemia.Symptomatic relief of upset stomach. Bradycardia, hypotension, hypercalcemia Do not take other oral drugs w/ in 2 hrs of taking antacid. Chew antacid before swallowing with a full glass of water. Take drug between meals and at bedtime.
carisoprodol/Soma Class: Skeletal muscle relaxant (centrally acting) Oral. Relief of discomfort associated with acute, painful musculoskeletal conditions. Nausea, vomiting, dizziness. Monitor patient for potentially serious idiosyncratic reactions. Take with food. Avoid Alcohol.
glycerin/Colace Class: Stool softener, osmotic diuretic Oral. Temporary relief of constipation, before rectal or bowel surgery. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. Only give Osmoglyn orally. Give laxatives as follows: 1 suppository high in rectum, have pt retain for 15-30min.
warfarin sodium/Coumadin Class: Anticoagulant, Coumarin derivative Oral. Blood thinner. Prophylaxis of systemic embolization after acute MI. Nausea, vomiting, alopecia. Genetic testing can help determine dosage.Do not use if patient is pregnant. Avoid Alcohol.
meperidine hydrochloride/Demerol Class: Opioid analgesic Oral, IM, IV. Oral/Parenteral: relief of moderate to severe acute pain. Parenteral: properative medication, support anesthesia, and obstetric analgesia. Nausea, sedation, respiratory depression. Avoid alcohol. Do not take antihistamines, sedatives, tranquilizers, or OTC drugs.
digoxin/Lanoxin Class: Antiarrhythmic Agent Oral, IV. Heart failure, atrial fibrillation Headache, weakness, arrhythmias Monitor apical pulse for 1min before administering. Hold dose if pulse is lower than 60bpm in adult or lower than 90bpm in an infant. Check dosage and preparation carefully.
haloperidol/Haldol Class: Antipsychotic, dopaminergic blocker Oral, IM. Management of manifestations of psychotic disorders. Short term treatment of of hyperactive children with excessive motor activity. drowsiness, pseudoparkinsonism, cardiac arrest. Increased risk of death in elderly patients w/ dementia related psychosis. Do not give the injection to children. Avoid prolonged sun exposure.
ferrous sulfate/Feosol Class: Iron Oral. Iron deficiencies. Nausea, vomiting, constipation. Confirm pt iron deficiency before treatment. Give w/ meals. Administer liquid preparation in water or juice. Avoid coffee, tea, eggs and milk.
cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride/Flexeril Class: Skeletal muscle relaxant (centrally acting) Oral. Relief of discomfort associated with acute, painful musculoskeletal conditions, as adjunct to rest, PT. Drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth. Avoid alcohol. Avoid OTC drugs. Arrange for analgesics if headache occurs.
triazolam/Halcion Class: Benzodiazepine, Sedative-hypnotic Oral. Insomnia. Diarrhea, drug dependence, sedation. Do not drink grapefruit juice. Avoid alcohol. Avoid pregnancy.
levothyroxine sodium/Synthroid Class: thyroid hormone Oral. Replacement therapy in hypothyroidism. Treatment of thyrotoxicosis. Nausea, vomiting, tachycardia. Do not use for weight loss. Administer single dose before breakfast with water. This drug will be taken for life.
oxycodone and aspirin/Percodan Class: Opioid, Salicylate Oral. Moderate to moderately severe pain relief. Dizziness, sedation, constipation. Monitor blood pressure. Do not break, chew, or crush preparations. Be aware of strong abuse potential.
penicillin V potassium/ Penicillin VK Class: Penicillin, Antibiotic Oral. Mild to moderately severe infections caused by sensitive organisms. Postexposure anthrax prophylaxis. GI upset, superinfections, mouth sores. Culture infection before beginning treatment. Take with water ONLY. Continue therapy 2 days after infection has disappeared.
nifedipine/Procardia Class: Antihypertensive, antianginal Oral. Vasospastic and chronic stable angina. Nausea, diarrhea, dizziness. Avoid grapefruit juice. Protect drug from sunlight and moisture. Do not crush, chew, or cut tablets.
morphine Class: opioid analgesic Oral, IM, IV. Relief of moderate to severe acute and chronic pain. Nausea, vomiting, sedation. Avoid alcohol. Avoid sedatives, antihistamines, tranquilizers. Avoid OTC drugs.
magnesium hydroxide/Milk of Magnesia Class: Antacid, Laxative Oral. Symptomatic relief of upset stomach. Nausea, dizziness, diarrhea. Do not administer w/ other oral drugs w/ 2hrs of antacid. Chew tablets thoroughly before swallowing w/ a glass of water. Give antacid between meals and at bedtime.
lithium carbonate/Lithobid Class: Antimanic Oral. Treatment of manic episodes of bipolar disorder. Nausea, vomiting, blurred vision. Give w/ caution and frequent monitoring of serum lithium levels. Give drug w/ food or milk or after meals. Avoid pregnancy.
levoflaxin/Levaquin Class: Antibiotic Oral, IV. Treatment of infection. Nausea, diarrhea, constipation. Culture infected area before therapy. Do not take w/ in 2hrs of taking antacid. Risk for tendinitis and tendon rupture.
isophane insulin suspension/NPH Class: Antidiabetic, Hormone. IV, SubQ. Treatment of type 1&2 diabetes. Injection site rash/ redness, hypoglycemia, decline in pulmonary function. Avoid alcohol. Use the same brand of needle, syringe, and insulin. Monitor serum glucose levels to determine dose.
insulin/Regular Insulin Class: Antidiabetic, Hormone Treatment of type 1&2 diabetes. Injection site rash/ redness, hypoglycemia, decline in pulmonary function. Avoid alcohol. Use the same brand of needle, syringe, and insulin. Monitor serum glucose levels to determine dose.
insulin glargine/Lantus Insulin Class: Antidiabetic, Hormone Treatment of type 1&2 diabetes. Injection site rash/ redness, hypoglycemia, decline in pulmonary function. Avoid alcohol. Use the same brand of needle, syringe, and insulin. Monitor serum glucose levels to determine dose.
isosorbide dinitrate/Isordil Titradose Class: Antianginal, Vasodilator Oral. Treatment of chest pain. tachycardia, hypotension, angina. Give sublingual preparations under the tongue or in buccal pouch, discourage patient from swallowing. Take on an empty stomach.
cephalexin/Keflex Class: Antibiotic, Cephalosporin Oral. Infections. Diarrhea, dizziness, headache. Arrange for culture and sensitivity tests before beginning treatment. Give w/ meals. Avoid alcohol.
furosemide/Lasix Class: Diuretic Oral, IV,IM. Edema associated w/ heart failure, renal disease, and cirrhosis. Nausea, dizziness, urinary bladder spasm. Give w/ food or milk. Give early in the day. Monitor serum electrolytes, liver and renal function, hydration.
levodopa/L-Dopa Class: Antiparkinsonian Oral. Treatment of parkinsonism and symptomatic parkinsonism nausea, vomiting, adventitious movement. Give with meals. Decrease dosage if therapy is interrupted. Monitor closely for development of suicidal tendencies.
amoxicillin trihydrate/Moxatag Class: Antibiotic, Penicillin Oral. Treatment of infections. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. Culture infected area prior to treatment. GIve in oral preparations only. Continue for 2 days after infection has cleared.
diazepam/Valium Class: Skeletal muscle relaxant (centrally acting), Benzodiazepine Oral, IV Anxiety. Nausea, diarrhea, constipation. Monitor BP and P. Use barrier contraceptives. Wear a medical ID band.
dexanethasone/Deadron Class: Corticosteroid, Hormone Oral, IV, IM, Percutaneous. Cancer chemotherapy, various inflammatory and allergic disorders. Headaches, hypertension, seizures. Do not give to nursing mothers. Give dose before 9am. Avoid exposure to infection.
glipizide/Glucotrol Class: Antidiabetic Oral. Diabetes. Nausea, vomiting, drowsiness. Give drug 30min before breakfast. Do not use during pregnancy. Monitor serum glucose levels for dosage adjustments.
chloral hydrate-odan/Chloral Hydrate Class: Sedative-Hypnotic Oral. Nocturnal sedation. Nausea, vomiting, nightmares. Give w/ a full glass of liquid. Avoid alcohol, sleep inducing drugs or OTC drugs. Supervise patients who are alcoholics or addiction prone.
acetaminophen/Tylenol Class: Analgesic, Antipyretic Oral. Pain, fever. Rash, fever, headache. DNE recommended dose. Give drug w/ food. Do not take longer than 10 days.
heparin sodium injection/Heparin Class: Anticoagulant IV. Blood thinner Chills, fever, asthma. Avoid injury. Cannot be taken orally. Adjust dose according to anticoagulant results.
codeine phosphate/ Codeine Class: Opioid Analgesic Oral, IV, IM, SubQ. Pain relief, Cough supressant. Nausea, vomiting, dizziness. Give to nursing women 4-6hrs before scheduled breastfeeding. Do not use IV on children.
prochloroperazine maleate/Compazine Class: Antipsychotic,Anxiolytic Oral. Management of psychotic disorders. Nausea, vomiting, constipation. Avoid overexposure to the sun. Avoid skin contact w/ oral solutions. Discontinue if WBC is depressed.
flurazepam hydrocholoride/ Dalmane Class: Benzodiazepine, Sedative-hypnotic Oral. Insomnia. Nausea, vomiting, dizziness. Monitor liver and renal functions. Avoid pregnancy. Do not administer to pregnant women.
aspirin/Bayer Class: Salicylate, Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Oral. Blood thinner, fever, pain. Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain Give with food. Avoid OTC drugs. Drink plenty of water.
diphenhydramine hydrochloride/Benadryl Class: Antihistamine, sedative-hypnotic Oral, IV. Allergy relief, sleep aid. drowsiness, sedation, hypotension Give with food. Avoid alcohol. Administer syrup if patient can't take tablets.
Created by: afulghan