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Patho Final '12 ARCC

Personality Individual qualities increase habitual patterns that make the person unique (How they'd describe you)
Personality Traits Persistent behavior patterns that don't significantly interfere with one's life even though their behaviors may be somewhat annoying
Stability Personality and traits become stable over time (predictable)
What are 3 main areas that affect personality? Thoughts and emotions Interpersonal relationships Managing impulses
What are 3 etiology factors for personality disorders? Genetic vulnerability Environmental conditions History of trauma
What is significant about Personality Disorder Axis II? not considered a true mental disorder
What are some co-morbid disorders with PD? *Substance abuse, eating disorders, PTSD, Depression, Anxiety
What are some common characteristics of PD? Inflexible and maladaptive responses to stress. They think they are normal and you have the problem.
What are the 4 problems that are key to your nursing interventions regarding PD? -Manipulation- set clear limits and consequences -Narcissism- set clear boundaries -Impulsiveness- discuss consequences -Aggressiveness- clear expectations, safety
Which personality types are under cluster A (Odd or Eccentric)? Schizoid PD, Schizotypal PD, Paranoid PD
Manifestations of Schizoid PD -Social isolation -blunted affect -detachment
Manifestations of Schizotypal PD -magical thinking -illusions -odd appearance -paranoid
Manifestations of Paranoid PD -Suspiciousness -rigidity -Hypervigilant -projection -restricted and labile affect -bears grudges
Which personality types are under cluster B (Dramatic, Emotional, and Erratic)? Histrionic, Narcissistic, Borderline, Antisocial
Manifestations of Histrionic PD -Dramatic -Exhibitionistic -egocentric -Seductive
Manifestations of Narcissistic PD -Grandiose -Lacks empathy -Needs admiration
Manifestations of Borderline PD -Interpersonal instability -marked impulsivity
Manifestations of Antisocial PD -Disregard for others' rights -Deceitful -No remorse (many in prison)
Which personality types are under cluster C(Anxious and Fearful)? Dependent, Obsessive-Compulsive, Avoidant
Manifestations of Dependent PD -Pervasive -Excessive -Unrealistic need to be cared for -Fear of separation -Inability to make decisions
Manifestations of Obsessive-Compulsive PD -Perfectionism at the expense of pleasure -Need for order and details
Manifestations of Avoidant PD -Social w/d -socially inadequate -fear of rejection
Created by: tbauer20