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COD N2 Unit IV Terms

QuestionAnswer
Cardiac Output refers to the amount of blood pumped by each ventricle during a given period
Contractility refers to the force generated by the contracting myocardium
Diastole The pressure measured when the ventricles are relaxed is called diastolic blood pressure.
JVD Jugular Vien Distension
Hypertention A sustained elevation of systemic blood pressure to a level that places the patient at increased risk for target organ damage
Atrium Two upper hollow chambers within the heart.
Pulmonic Valve The pulmonic valve divides the right ventricular outflow tract from the pulmonary artery
stroke volume the amount of blood ejected per heartbeat
preload the degree of stretch of thecardiac muscle fibers at the end of diastole
afterload the amount of resistance to ejection of blood from the ventricle, is the second determinant of stroke volume
ejection fraction it is the percentage of the end-diastolic volume that is ejected with each stroke
S1 first heart sound closure of the mitral & tricuspid valves creates the first heart sound
S2 second heart sound closing of the aortic and pulmonic valves produces the second heart sound
Hypotension Blood pressure lower than needed for adequate tissue perfusion and oxygenation.
LDL is referred to as the ‘bad cholesterol.’ It is the main lipid component of the atherosclerotic plaque and is considered bad cholesterol because increased levels reflect increased tendency to CAD.
Created by: jaymee4647