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Communicable Dis.

The Child with a Communicable Disease

QuestionAnswer
Key factors in managing infectious disease Prevention and control
Can be transmitted, directly or indirectly, from one person to another Communicable disease
Organisms that cause disease Pathogens
The time between the invasion by the pathogen and the onset of clinical symptoms Incubation period
Refers to the initial stage of a disease: the interval between the the earliest symptoms and the appearance of a typical rash or fever Prodromal period
Any inanimate material that absorbs and transmits infection Fomite
An insect or animal that carries and spreads a disease Vector
A world-wide high incidence of a communicable Pandemic
A sudden increase of a communicable disease in a localized area Epidemic
Refers to a continuous incidence of a communicable disease expected in a localized arear Endemic
Refers to moist secretions or parts of the body that can contain microorganisms Body substance
A route by which the organisms enter the body Portal of entry
The route by which the organisms exit the body Portal of exit
A place that supports the growth of organisms Reservoir for infection
Refers to the way in which organisms spread and infect the individual Chain of infection
Basic and essential to prevent the spread of infection Hand hygiene
Important factors in host resistance to disease Intact skin and mucous membranes, Phagocytes, and Immune system
Caused by organisms normally found in the environment that the immune-suppressed individual cannot resist or fight An opportunistic infection
An infection acquired in a health care facilty during hospitalization Health care-associated infection
A natural or acquired resistance to infection Immunity
Not the result of inherited factors but is gained as a result of having the disease or is artificially acquired by receiving vaccines or immune serums Acquired immunity
When the person produces his or her own immunity Active immunity
Used to prevent lockjaw Tetanus serum
Acts immediately but does not last as long as immunity actively produced by the body Passive immunity
A person who is capable of spreading a disease but does not show evidence of it (Ex: Typhoid fever) Carrier
Involves contact with the person who is infected Direct transmission
Involves contact with objects that have been contaminated by the infected person (fomites) Indirect transmission
Examples of fomites Bedrails, IV pumps, overbed tables, door handles, used tissues, countertops, and toys
Created by: vandas