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link 11 & 11.1

Digestive and Unirary Systems

When food is broken down into particles small enough to pass through the cells plasma membranes is a process called digestion
The transfer of nutrients into the circulation is absorption
The continuous pathway begining at the mouth through to the anus in which also contains the esophagus, stomach, and the intestines is called the digestive tract
The salivary glands, liver, pancreas, and the gall bladder are necessary for the digestive process because they release substances into the digestive tract called the accessory organs
The section of the peritoneum that extends from the colon to the posterior abdominal wall is called the mesocolon
A small membrane between the stomach and the liver is the lesser omentum
The portion of the peritoneum covering the abdominal organs is called the visceral perioneum
The large double layer of peritoneum that contains fat and lies over the front of the intestines like an apron is called the greater omentum
The outer portion of the peritoneum lining the abdominal cavity is the parietal perioneum
The double-layered portion of the peritoneum shaped like a fan is called the mesentery
The abdominopelivic cavity is lined with a thin, shiny serous membrane that also folds back to cover most of the organs contained within the cavity is called peritoneum
Name the medical term for chewing mastication
Name the medical term for swollowing deglutition
What accessory organ manufactures bile, destroys old red blood cells, stores glucose as glycogen, removes harmful substances from the blood and is the largest glandular organ in the upper right abdominal cavity liver
What accessory organ is a muscular sac on the inferior surface of the liver that stores bile gall bladder
What accessory organ is a long gland that extends from the duodenum to the spleen that produces enzymes that digest fats, proteins, and carbohydrates pancreas
Name the medical term for receiving food ingestion
A leaf-shaped cartilage that guards the entrance of the trachea epiglottis
A muscular tube wherer food is lubricated and moved into the stomach esophagus
A muscular ring that regulates the size of an opening in the stomach sphincter
The wave like movement that propels food through the digestive tract is called peristalsis
The J shaped left facing curve of the stomach is called the greater curvature
The J shaped right facing curve of the stomach is called the lesser curvature
The sphincter between the esophagus and the stomach is the cardiac, or the lower esophageal sphincter
The sphincter between the distal end of the stomach and the small intestine is the pyloric sphincter
Folds in the stomach that disappear as it expands are called rugae
The two components of gastric juices are hydrochloric acid and pepsin
The highly acidic, semi-liquid mixture of gastric juice and food when it leaves the stomach and goes to the intestines is called chyme
Name the tiny finger like projections found on the inside of the small intestine villi
Where does most of the digestion and absorption process take place small intestine
The small blind tube attached to the cecum is the appendix
Name the disorder of the upper digestive tract that is an infection of the gums gingivitis
The disorder of the upper digestive tract known as binge-purge syndrome (vomiting) called bulimia
The disorder of the upper digestive tract that is tooth decay is called dental caries
The disorder of the upper digestive tract that is inflammation of the peritoneum is known as peritonitis
The disorder of the upper digestive tract that is starvation in the effort to be exessively thin is called anorexia nervosa
Weakness in the diaphragm that allows stomach contents to protrude upward is a stomach disorder called hiatal hernia
Vomiting is a stomach disorder called emesis
The obsrtuction of pyloric sphincter found in infants, especilly boys is a stomach disorder called pyloric stenosis
The chronic reflux due to weakness in the lower esophageal sphincter is a stomach disorder called gasto-esophageal reflux disease
The area of mucous membrane in which tissues are destroyed is a stomach disorder called peptic ulcer
Inflammation of the stomach lining is called gastritis
Inflammation of the small sacs in the wall of the colon, accompanid by pain and bleeding is called diverticulitis
The twisting of the intestine is a disorder called vovulus
Extreme constipation is a disorder known as obstipation
Inflammation of the appendix is called appendictitis
Two similar disorders causing pain, diarrhea, weight loss, and rectal bleeding is called inflammatory bowel disease
The common disorder causing pain and either constipation, diarrhea, or both is irritable bowel syndrome
Slipping of a part of the small intestine into an adjacent part is called intussuception
Inflammation of the liver transmitted by exposure to virus in the blood and body fluids is called hepatitis B
Inflammation of the gall bladder is called cholelithiasis
Bile pigment in the blood causing a yellowish color to the skin is a disorder called jaundice
Inflammation of the liver trandmitted by fecal matter and contaminated food and water is called hepatitis A
The formation of gallstones is called cholelithiasis
Inflammation of the liver transmitted mainly by exposure to infected blood that may develop years after exposure is called hepatitis C
Destruction of the pancreas by its own juices is a disorder called pancreatitis
These organs is located posterior, below the diaphragm on each side of the spin, it extract wastes from the blood, balance body fluids, and form urine kidneys
Fluid infused into the peritoneal cavity to remove fluid and wast from the blood is a procedure called peirtoneal dialysis
The removing of a kidney from a living or dying person for the use of another person is called a kidney transplant
Sudden, sever decrease in kidney function due to severe disease, trauma, or toxins is called acute renal failure
Blood moves from the body through a machine that filters it, removing wastes, and then returns it to the body is a procedure called hemodilaysis
The slow decrease in kidny function over time so that the kidney can no longer make or concentrate urine is called chronic renal failure
The most common disease that most often occurs in children about 1-4 weeks after a strep infection acute glomerulonephritis
The distention of the renal pelvis and calyces due to obstruction is a kidney disorder called hydronephrosis
Stones in the kidney made of calcium or uric acid is called renal calculi
Hard masses that fill the renal pelvis and calyces is a disorder called staghorn calculi
When the kidney contains many fluid-filled sacs that destroy nephrons is a disorder called polycystic kidney
Inflammation of the renal pelvis and kidney tissue due to bacteria in the urinary tract is a disorder called pyelonephritis
When the end of the ureter bulges into the bladder causing obstruction and distention of the ureter and renal pelvic it is known as ureterocele
The surgical removal of the bladder with re-venting of the ureter and renal pelvis is called cystectomy
Bed-wetting or incontinence at night is known as enuresis
Inflammation of the mucous membrane and glands of the urethra that is more common in men than women is called urethritis
Loss of voluntary control over urination is called urinary incontinence
Abnormally narrowed part of the urethra is called ureteral stricture
A condition of the male where the urethra opens on the underside of the penis is known as hypospadias
Inflammation of the bladder that is more common in women than men is called cystitis
Urine containing nitrogenous waste such as urea, uric acid, creatinine, and electrolytes containing salt, sulfates, and phosphates is known as normal urine
Urine containing albumin,(protein) glucos,(sugar) ketones,(due to fat breakdown) and white blood cells (pus) is known as abnormal urine
This organ is two long slender muscular tubes extending from the kidneys down to the bladder and conducts urine through them ureters
The organ that receives and stores urine brought by the ureters that is located below the parietal peritoneum and behind pubic joint bladder
The tubes that conduct urine out of the body from the bladder is called the urethra
This blood vessel brings blood to the kidney renal artery
This blood vessel takes blood away from the kidney renal vein
What is the functioning unit of the kidneys that makes urine called nephrons
The outer portion of the kidneys is called the renal cortex
What is the name of the notch where the blood vessels and the ureter connect with the kidneys hilum
What are the cup-like extensions of the renal pelvis that collects urine as it is made calyces
What is the funnel-shaped basin forming the upper end of the ureter renal pelvis
Name the structure of the kidney that strains the blood glomerulus
Name the structure of the kidney that saves water and substances needed by the body nephron tubles
This structure of the kidney takes saved water and substances into the blood peritubular capillaries
Created by: maryce