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Step 1: Treatments

QuestionAnswer
Absence seizures Ethosuximide
Acute gout attack NSAIDs, colchicine
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3) All-trans retinoic acid
ADHD Methyphenidate, amphetamines
Alcohol abuse AA + disulfiram
Alcohol withdrawal Benzos
Anorexia SSRIs
Anticoag during pregnancy Heparin
Anxiety Buspirone
Arrhythmia in damaged heart tissue Class IB (lidocaine, mexiletine, tocainide)
B12 deficiency B12
Benign prostatic hyperplasia Tamsulosin, finasteride
Bipolar disorder Lithium, valproate, carbamazepine
Breast cancer in postmenopausal women Aromatase inhibitor
Buerger's disease Smoking cessation
Bulimia SSRIs
Candida albicans Amphotericin B (systemic), Nystatin (oral, esophagitis)
Carcinoid syndrome Octreotide
Chlamydia trachomatis Doxycycline (+ceftriaxone for gonorrhea coinfection), erythromycin eye droplets as prophylaxis in infants
Chronic gout OVER producer: allopurinol UNDER excreter: probenecid
Chronic hepatitis IFN-alpha
CML Imatinib
Clostridium botulinum Antitoxin
Clostridium difficile Oral metronidazole
Clostridium tetani Antitoxin + vaccine booster + diazepam
Crohns disease Corticosteroids, infliximab
Cryptococcus neoformans Fluconazole (prophylaxis in AIDS pts)
CF N-acetylcysteine + antipseudomonal prophylaxis (tobramycin/azithromycin)
CMV Ganciclovir
Depression SSRIs
Diabetes insipidus Desmopressin (central); HCTZ, indomethacin, and amiloride (nephrogenic)
DM type I Low sugar diet, insulin replacement
DM type II Diet intervention, oral hypoglycemic, and insulin
Diabetic ketoacidosis Fluids, insulin, K+
Enterococci Vanco/ampicillin + aminoglycoside
ED Sildenafil
ER + breast cancer Tamoxifene
Methanol intoxication Fomepizole (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor)
Folate deficiency Folate
H. Influenzae (prophylaxis) Rifampin
Hemorrhagic cystitis Mesna
Heparin toxicity Protamine sulfate
HER2/neu + breast cancer Trastuzumab
Hyperaldosteronism Spironolactone
Hypercholesterolemia Statin
Hypertriglyceridemia Fibrate
Immediate anticoagulation Heparin
Infertility Leuprolide, GnRH
Influenza Amantadine, Rimantadine
Legionalle pneumonia Erythromycin
Long term anticoag Warfarin
Malaria Chloroquine, mefloquine (blood); primaquine (liver)
Malignant hyperthermia Dantrolene
Medical abortion Mifepristone
Migraine Sumitriptan
MRSA Vanco
MS B-interferon
Mycobacterium tuberculosis RIPES (rifampin, inh, pyrazinamide, ethambutol, streptomycin)
Neisseria gonorrhea Ceftriaxone (add doxycycline to cover chlamydia)
Neisseria meningitidis Penicillin/ceftriaxone, rifampin
Neural tube defect Folate
Osteomalacia/rickets Vit D supplementation
PDA Indomethacin
Pheochromocytoma a-antagonists
Pneumocystis jiroveci TMP-SMX
Prolactinoma Bromocriptine (dop agonist)
Prostate cancer, uterine fibroids Leuprolide
Prostate carcinoma Flutamide
Pseudomonas aeroginosa Penicillin + aminoglycoside
Pulmonary HTN Bosentan
Rikettsia rickettsii Doxycycline, chloramphenicol
Ringworm Terbinafine, griseofulvin, imidazole
Schizophrenia (negative symptoms) 5-HT2A antagonists (olanzapine)
Schizophrenia (positive symptoms) D2 receptor antagonist
SIADH Demeclocycline, lithium
Sickle cell anemia Hydroxyurea
Sprothorix schenckii Oral KI
Stable angina Sublingual nitro
S. aureus Methicillin/naficillin
Strep bovis Penicillin
Strep pneumoniae Penicillin, cephalosporin, vanco
Strep pyogenes Penicillin
Temporal arteritis High dose steroids
Tonic-clonic seizures Phenytoin, valproate, carbamazepine
T. gondii Sulfonamide + pyrimethamine
Treponema pallidum Penicillin
Trichomonas vaginalis Metronidazole (pt and parter)
Ulcerative colitis 5-ASA, infliximab
UTI prophylaxis TMP-SMX
Warfarin toxicity FFP, vitamin K
Wegeners granulomatosis Cyclophosphamide, corticosteroids
Created by: 092309