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EOC Vocab Evans

The Vocab for World Geography EOC

Gender Role roles specifically assigned to men or women in a culture
Urban referring to a city setting; usually has a high population density and diverse cultures
Ural mountain range that runs through western Russia and is considered to be the dividing line between Europe and Asia
Multicultural containing a mix of peoples and cultures
Social Class divisions of a cultures people based on wealth, power and prestige
Socil Mobility refers to how easy or hard it is to change one’s social class within a culture.
Cultural Region region where people share common cultural characteristics
Function Region area defined by one function that may cross political boundaries. Often they are organized around a focal point such as a city
Perceptual Region based on people’s attitudes and emotions about a place.
Middle East Region that lies at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa.
Suez Canal canal that connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea and shortens the traveling distance between Europe and Asia
Latin America applies to all of the Americas south of the United States. It has 4 main areas, Mexico, Central America, the West Indies ( Caribbean) and South America
Panama Canal An important human-made feature in this region that goes through the Isthmus of Panama joining the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and serves as a major route for International trade.
Sub Saharan Africa the areas of Africa south of the Sahara Desert. Many different ethnic groups with animistic, Christian, and Islamic religions; many affected by the slave trade and colonization
Oceania the Pacific islands of New Zealand ( colonized by the British) and other smaller nations like Tahiti that are spread across the South Pacific
Demograghy the study of population.
Urbanization the movement of greater numbers of people into cities
Settlement Patterns Human factors affect where people settle, like having a capital city at a central location; location along transportation routes; new technology can override physical barriers, and natural resources can attract settlers to an otherwise unfavorable area
Population Density how many people live in a given area
Population Pyramid a visual that compares the number of males and females in a society and it includes the average ages of its members. Each group will be represented by a different bar
Shanty Town a slum settlement where poor people live in dwellings made from scrap materials—such as plywood, corrugated metal and plastic sheets.
Push and Pull Factors the major reasons for migration that either “push” people out of their old location while “pull” factors lure migrants to a new location.
Social Factors concern how people organize into groups, such as religious groups.
Ethnic Persecution when they need to migrate due to being persecuted for being members of a particular ethnic group. Ex: Rwandans needed to flee to neighboring countries to avoid being massacred
Religious Persecution when religious minorities have to leave a place due to their beliefs
Environmental Factors migration due to the environment, like a drought, crop failures, floods, fires, earthquakes that force people to migrate.
Forced Migration when a migration is forced such as the Atlantic Slave Trade. This migration has accompanied war and the persecution of people throughout most of history.
Physical Barriers natural features that were once a migration to human migration. Examples are mountains, deserts or dense forests.
Land Bridge a natural feature where people used to be able to walk from one land mass to another, like across the Bering Strait now that used to be a land bridge from Asia to North America ( Alaska area)
Diffusion how something diffuses or spreads
Spatial exchange (Cultural Diffusion) when ideas, products, and even cultural traits can spread from one culture to another.
Columbian Exchange when new plants, animals, ideas and even diseases were exchanged between the peoples of the Americas and those of Europe.
Cultural Convergence when different cultural influences cause an area to divide into separate parts.
Cultural Divergence when different cultures exchange ideas and become more similar
Pandemic an epidemic over a wide geographic area.
Traditional Ways these societies prefer to do things much as their ancestors have done
Genocide when a dominant group tries to completely eliminate a religious or ethnic group -The mass murder of a people.
Terrorism the use of threats of terror against innocent civilians to gain attention and achieve a group’s aims
Technology the use of materials, tools, and skills to meet human needs.
Technological Innovation the development of new technologies
GPS a spatial information system that merge information from satellites and land base sources.
Desalinization the removal of salt from ocean water
Constitutional monarchy kingdom in which the ruler’s powers are limited by a constitution
Direct Democracy a form of government in which people vote on policy initiatives directly
Representative Democracy government where the people rule through elected representatives
Dictatorship government in which an individual or groups holds complete power
Political Power ability of a person or group to determine the policy of a government to serve their individual or group interest
Political Region a geographic area that is run by a specific government and has its own laws; there are various levels of political regions, such as: a country, a state, districts within a state, and cities within a state
Created by: 1573969052



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