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Temperature 96.2 - 99.4 F (36.2 - 37.7 C)
Sodium (Na) 135 - 145
Potassium (K) 3.5 - 5.0
Serum Osmolality 279 - 299
Blood Pressure Systolic < 120 Diastolic < 80
Underweight BMI (Body Mass Index) < 18.5
Normal BMI 18.5 - 24.9
Overweight BMI 25 - 29.9
Obesity BMI > 30
Hemoglobin (Hgb) 13.5 - 18 (male) 12 - 16 (female)
Hematocrit 40% - 50% (male) 38% - 47% (female)
albumin 3.5 - 5.0
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) 8-25 (8-24)
Creatinine 0.5 - 1.5
Blood pH 7.35 - 7.45
PaCO2 (C02) 35 - 45
Bicarbonate (HCO3) 22 - 26
White Blood Cells (WBC) 4,000 - 11,000
Specific gravity of urine 1.005 - 1.030
lifespan of a RBC (Red Blood Cell) 120 days
normal pH in urine 4.6 - 8.0
pO2 80-100
platelett 150K - 400K
phosphate 2.5-4.5
magnesium 1.5-2.5
calcium 8.6-10.2 (8.5 - 10)
% of WBC neutrophils 70%
bilirubin (conjugated) 0 - 0.3 mg/dL
bilirubin (total) 0.3 - 1.9 mg/dL
serum amylase 50 to 200 units per liter (U/L)
serum lipase 0 to 110 units per liter (U/L)
Prealbumin 12-36 mg/dL
Troponin < 0.5 mcg/L - Normal 0.5 - 2.3 (suspicious of MI/heart damage >2.3 - Myocardial injury
CK-MB (creatine kinase) > 4-6% of total ceatine kinase indicate MI (levels increase 4-6 hours after MI)
digoxin theraputic levels 0.5 - 2.0 > 2.4 is toxic
Creatinine Clearance 85-135ml/min
urine osmolality 50-1200 mOsm/kg
ICP (intracranial pressure) 4-15 (normal) 20-40 (mild elevation) 40 & over (severe - poor prognosis)
AST 5-40
ALT 10-30
Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) 70-110 mm Hg
pressure of oxygen in the brain tissue (PbtO2) 20-40 mm Hg
Prothrombin Time 12-13 seconds
INR ~1.0 The target range for INR in anticoagulant use (e.g. warfarin) is 2 to 3 x normal.
aPTT (activated partial thromboplastin time) normal varies between 25-35 seconds. therapeutic dose of heparin for treatment of a DVT is 1.5-2.5 X normal.
Chloride (Cl-) 95-107 (95-105)
lactic acid 0.7 - 2.1
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) 0-99 pg/mL
A1C 4 - 7 (normal person)
A1C tells us what? The mean blood glucose levels for the last 4 months
fasting blood glucose <100 mg/dl
pre-diabetic fasting blood glucose 100-120 mg/dl
diabetic fasting blood glucose >120 mg/dl
Norm. ketone levels in the urine 0
Norm. ketone levels in the blood 2-4%
Adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) levels >5 ug/dl
Free T3 230 - 620 pg/dl (200-600)
Free T4 0.5 - 2.0 ng/dl
TSH 0.4 - 4.0
phosphorus 2.5-4.5
cortisol 8am - 12 mcg/dl
epinephrine <110 supine , <140 standing
the range of hematocrit that would produce accurate BG's for POCT 25% - 45%
hematocrit levels that would create a Lab underestimate when performing POCT BG's >45%
hematocrit levels that would create a Lab overestimate when performing POCT BG's <25%
intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) 5-7 mmHg
Intra-abdominal Hypertention sustained or repeated pressures > 12 mmHg
Abdomial compartment syndrome (ACS) sustained Intra-abdominal pressures (!AP) of > 20 mmHg and associated organ dysfunction or failure
Abdominal perfusion pressure (APP) calculation MAP (mean arterial pressure) minus IAP (intra-abdominal pressure)
Abdominal perfusion pressure use analogous to MAP - assesses adequacy of blood flow to the abdomen and severity of IAP
normal APP (abdominal perfusion pressure) should be maintained > 60 mmHg
grade I IAP 12-15 mmHg
grade II IAP 16-20 mmHg
grade III IAP 21-25 mmHg
grade IV IAP >25 mmHg
Normal BNP B-type natriuretic peptide < 100 pg/mL
Anion Gap 12-18 mEq/L
PT 12-14 seconds
Bleeding time monitors what? Normal value? Platelette function; 2-10 minutes
ACT monitors what? Normal value? How often measured? Activated clotting time (guides heparin dosing), 90-120 seconds. ACT should be > 400 seconds before on CPB. Measured 3 minutes after given and every 30 minutes thereafter.
Created by: mwillis
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