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Understanding nutrition chapter 13 vocab

An iron storage protein primarily made in times of iron overload HEMOSIDERIN
A substance that works with an enzyme to facilitate a chemical reaction COFACTOR
The condition of developing iron-deficiency anemia because iron-poor milk displaces iron-rich foods MILK ANEMIA
The iron transport protein TRANSFERRIN
The iron in foods that is bound to the hemoglobin and myoglobin proteins;found only in meat,fish and poultry HEME IRON
Essential mineral nutrients the human body requires in relatively small amounts (less than 100 milligrams per day) TRACE MINERALS
A craving for and consumption of nonfood substances PICA
Iron found in foods as the result of contamination by inorganic iron salts from iron cookware, iron-containing soils and the like CONTAMINATION IRON
Deficiency anemia/severe depletion of iron stores that results in low hemoglobin and small, pale red blodd cells. IRON
The oxygen-holding protein of the muscle cells MYOGLOBIN
Measurement of the volume of the red blood cells packed by centrifuge in a given volume of blood HEMATOCRIT
A peptide released during the digestion of meat, fish, and poultry that enhances nonheme absorption MFP FACTOR
The iron in foods that is not bound to proteins;found in both plant-derived and animal derived foods. NONHEME IRON
A genetically determined failure to prevent absorption of unneeded dieatary iron that is characterized by iron overload and tissue damage HEMOCHROMATOSIS
A condition characterized by the deposition of hemodiserin the the liver and other tissues HEMOSIDEROSIS
A substance that can grasp the positive ions of a mineral CHELATE
The iron-storage protein FERRITIN
A hormone produced by the liver that regulates iron balance HEPCIDIN
Refers to the rate at and the extent to which a nutrient is absorbed and used. BIOAVAILABILITY
The oxygen-carrying protein of the red blood cells that transports oxygen from the lungs to the tissues HEMOGLOBIN
Thyroid-stimulating hormone THYROTROPIN
Heart disease associated with selenium deficiency KESHAN DISEASE
Discoloration and pitting of tooth enamel caused by excess fluoride during tooth development FLUOROSIS
A sulfur-rich protein that avidly binds with and transports metals such as zinc METALLOTHIONEIN
When you have a severe iodine deficiency of iodine during pregnancy causing mental and physical retardation CRETINISM
Stabilized form of bone and tooth crystal, which makes the bones stronger and the teeth more resistant to decay FLUORAPATITE
The circulatory route from the pancreas to the small intestine and back to the pancreas ENTEROPANCREATIC CIRCULATION
An infant with hypothyroidism that will develop physical and mental retardation CONGENITAL HYPOTHYROIDISM
Small organic compounds that enhance insulin's action GLUCOSE TOLERANCE FACTORS
Enzymes that contain one or more minerals as part of their structures METALLOENZYMES
A substance that enlarges the thyroid gland and causes toxic goiter (occurs in cabbage, kale, brussel sprout, etc.) GOITROGEN
Mineral ions such as mercury and lead, so called because they are of relatively high atomic weight HEAVY METALS
An enlargement of the thyroid gland due to an iodine deficiency GOITER
a precursor to hemoglobin. erythrocyte protoporphyrin
yellow pigments in foods; phytochemicals that may exert physiological effects on the body. Flavonoids
the small brown seeds of the flax plant; valued as a source of linseed oil, fiber, and omega3 fatty acids. Flaxseeds
foods that contain physiologically active compounds that provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition. functional foods
phytochemicals present in flaxseed, but not in flax oil, that are converted to phytosterols by intestinal bacteria and are under study as possible anticancer agents. Lignans
a plant pigment of yellow hue; a phytochemical believed to play roles in eye functioning and health. Lutein
a pigment responsible for the red color of tomatoes and other red hued vegetables; a phytochemical that may act as an antioxidant in the body. Lycopene
enzymes that contain one or more minerals as part of their structures. Metalloenzymes
nonnutrient compounds found in plant derived foods that have biological activity in the body. Phytochemicals
Plant-derived compounds that have structural similarities to cholesterol and lower blood cholesterol by competing with cholesterol for absorption. Phytosterols include sterol esters and stanol esters. Phytosterols
Created by: hkrawietz