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Medical Terminolgy F

QuestionAnswer
Appendage An bdy part attached to main structure
Articulation joint
cancellous located at the end of long bones
Cruciate Ligaments Ligaments that form an X
Hematopoiesis Production and development of blood cells
Ankly/o stiffness, bent, crooked
Arth/o Joint
Kyph/o humpback
lamin/o Apart of each vertebrea
Lord/o curve, swayback
Myel/o Bone marrow
Orth/o Straight
scoli bent
Acromi Projection of scapula
dactyle/o fingers, toes
pod/o foot
spondyl/o vertebrae
leiomyo smooth muscle
rhabd/o rod shape
ashenia weakness, debility
clasia to break
desis binding
malacia softening
physis growth
dys bad, painful
ankylosis stiffening and immobility of joint
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome compression of medial nerve within the carpal tunnel
Claudication limping
contracture prevents normal mobility
Crepitation Dry, grating sound; caused by bones rubbing up against one another
Electromyography electrical stimulation to record strength of muscle contraction
excerbation increase in servitity
Ganglion Cyst tumor in tendon shealth
hemarthrosis effusion of blood
hypotonia loss of muscular tone
multiple myeloma tumor that inflitrates the bone and red bone marrow
osteophyte bone spur, bony outgrowth
Phantom Limb amputation of limb
Prosthesis artificial extremeity
Rickets osteomalcia in children (Vitamin D deficiency)
Sequestrum bone seperated from surrounding tissue
Spondylolishesis slipping of vertebrae
Spondylosis Degeneration of cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae
Sprain Tearing of ligament
Strain exert physical force
Subluxation incomplete dislocation
Talipes Equinovarus one or both feet pulled inward called clubfoot
Arthrography Radiographs taken after there is an injection into a joint
Bone Density Tests low energy Xray absorption
Computed Tomography (CT) Xray and computer to make a series of cross sectional images
Discography examination of intervetebral disk structures
Lumbosacral Spinal Radiography radiography of lumbar and sacral vertebrae
Myelography radiography of spinal cord after injection
Scintigraphy Nuclear medicine procedure
reduction procedure that restores bone to normal postition
casting stiff dressing to allow NO movement during healings process
Amputaiton removal of extremeity
athrocentesis remove accumulated fluid
arthroclasia surgical breakin gof joint to provide movement
Arthroscopy defects, excise tumors, abtian biopsies
bone grafting transplanting bone tissue
bursectomy excision of bursa
laminectomy posterior arch of vertebrae
Revision Surery replace worn out prothesis
Sequestrectomy excision of sequestrum
synovectomy excision of synovial membrane
Calcium supplements prevent hypercalcemia
Gold Salts treat arthritis
Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs suppress inflammation
Salicylates releive mild to moderate pain
Skeletal Muscle Relaxants Relieve muscle spasms
ACL Anterior Cruciate Ligament
AE Above Elbow
AK Above the knee
BE Below Elbow
Bk Below Knee
Appendage An bdy part attached to main structure
Articulation joint
cancellous located at the end of long bones
Cruciate Ligaments Ligaments that form an X
Hematopoiesis Production and development of blood cells
Ankly/o stiffness, bent, crooked
Arth/o Joint
Kyph/o humpback
lamin/o Apart of each vertebrea
Lord/o curve, swayback
Myel/o Bone marrow
Orth/o Straight
scoli bent
Acromi Projection of scapula
dactyle/o fingers, toes
pod/o foot
spondyl/o vertebrae
leiomyo smooth muscle
rhabd/o rod shape
ashenia weakness, debility
clasia to break
desis binding
malacia softening
physis growth
dys bad, painful
ankylosis stiffening and immobility of joint
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome compression of medial nerve within the carpal tunnel
Claudication limping
contracture prevents normal mobility
Crepitation Dry, grating sound; caused by bones rubbing up against one another
Electromyography electrical stimulation to record strength of muscle contraction
excerbation increase in servitity
Ganglion Cyst tumor in tendon shealth
hemarthrosis effusion of blood
hypotonia loss of muscular tone
multiple myeloma tumor that inflitrates the bone and red bone marrow
osteophyte bone spur, bony outgrowth
Phantom Limb amputation of limb
Prosthesis artificial extremeity
Rickets osteomalcia in children (Vitamin D deficiency)
Sequestrum bone seperated from surrounding tissue
Spondylolishesis slipping of vertebrae
Spondylosis Degeneration of cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae
Sprain Tearing of ligament
Strain exert physical force
Subluxation incomplete dislocation
Talipes Equinovarus one or both feet pulled inward called clubfoot
Arthrography Radiographs taken after there is an injection into a joint
Bone Density Tests low energy Xray absorption
Computed Tomography (CT) Xray and computer to make a series of cross sectional images
Discography examination of intervetebral disk structures
Lumbosacral Spinal Radiography radiography of lumbar and sacral vertebrae
Myelography radiography of spinal cord after injection
Scintigraphy Nuclear medicine procedure
reduction procedure that restores bone to normal postition
casting stiff dressing to allow NO movement during healings process
Amputaiton removal of extremeity
athrocentesis remove accumulated fluid
arthroclasia surgical breakin gof joint to provide movement
Arthroscopy defects, excise tumors, abtian biopsies
bone grafting transplanting bone tissue
bursectomy excision of bursa
laminectomy posterior arch of vertebrae
Revision Surery replace worn out prothesis
Sequestrectomy excision of sequestrum
synovectomy excision of synovial membrane
Calcium supplements prevent hypercalcemia
Gold Salts treat arthritis
Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs suppress inflammation
Salicylates releive mild to moderate pain
Skeletal Muscle Relaxants Relieve muscle spasms
ACL Anterior Cruciate Ligament
Appendage An bdy part attached to main structure
AK Above the knee
BE Below Elbow
Articulation joint
Bk Below Knee
cancellous located at the end of long bones
Cruciate Ligaments Ligaments that form an X
Hematopoiesis Production and development of blood cells
Ankly/o stiffness, bent, crooked
Arth/o Joint
Kyph/o humpback
lamin/o Apart of each vertebrea
Lord/o curve, swayback
Myel/o Bone marrow
Orth/o Straight
scoli bent
Acromi Projection of scapula
dactyle/o fingers, toes
pod/o foot
spondyl/o vertebrae
leiomyo smooth muscle
rhabd/o rod shape
ashenia weakness, debility
clasia to break
desis binding
malacia softening
physis growth
dys bad, painful
ankylosis stiffening and immobility of joint
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome compression of medial nerve within the carpal tunnel
Claudication limping
contracture prevents normal mobility
Crepitation Dry, grating sound; caused by bones rubbing up against one another
Electromyography electrical stimulation to record strength of muscle contraction
excerbation increase in servitity
Ganglion Cyst tumor in tendon shealth
hemarthrosis effusion of blood
hypotonia loss of muscular tone
multiple myeloma tumor that inflitrates the bone and red bone marrow
osteophyte bone spur, bony outgrowth
Phantom Limb amputation of limb
Prosthesis artificial extremeity
Rickets osteomalcia in children (Vitamin D deficiency)
Sequestrum bone seperated from surrounding tissue
Spondylolishesis slipping of vertebrae
Spondylosis Degeneration of cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae
Sprain Tearing of ligament
Strain exert physical force
Subluxation incomplete dislocation
Talipes Equinovarus one or both feet pulled inward called clubfoot
Arthrography Radiographs taken after there is an injection into a joint
Bone Density Tests low energy Xray absorption
Computed Tomography (CT) Xray and computer to make a series of cross sectional images
Discography examination of intervetebral disk structures
Lumbosacral Spinal Radiography radiography of lumbar and sacral vertebrae
Myelography radiography of spinal cord after injection
Scintigraphy Nuclear medicine procedure
reduction procedure that restores bone to normal postition
casting stiff dressing to allow NO movement during healings process
Amputaiton removal of extremeity
athrocentesis remove accumulated fluid
arthroclasia surgical breakin gof joint to provide movement
Arthroscopy defects, excise tumors, abtian biopsies
bone grafting transplanting bone tissue
bursectomy excision of bursa
laminectomy posterior arch of vertebrae
Revision Surery replace worn out prothesis
Sequestrectomy excision of sequestrum
synovectomy excision of synovial membrane
Calcium supplements prevent hypercalcemia
Gold Salts treat arthritis
Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs suppress inflammation
Salicylates releive mild to moderate pain
Skeletal Muscle Relaxants Relieve muscle spasms
ACL Anterior Cruciate Ligament
AE Above Elbow
AK Above the knee
BE Below Elbow
Bk Below Knee
CDH Congenital dislocation of hip
CTS Caroal Tunnel Syndrome
DEXA Dual energy Xray Absorptiometry
DJD Degenerative Joint Disease
EMG electromyograohy
Fx Fracture
MG maysthenia Gravis
HD Hemodialysis
HNP Hernated Nuclues Pilposus
HP hemipelvectomy
IS intracostal space
IM intramuscular infection
KD Knee Disarticulation
LS lumboscral spine
MG myasthenia Gravis
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging
MS musculoskeletal
RA rheumatiod arthritis
THA Total hip arthoplasty
TRAM Transverse recutus abdominis Muscle
Created by: mundyc10