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EMS & terrorism

terminology and definitions

Contact with or presence of a material that is present where it does not belong and that is somehow harmful to persons, animals, and the environment. contamination
A chemical and/or physical process used to remove and prevent the spread of a contaminant. decontamination
Spreading dissemination
The dose or concentration of an agent multiplied by time or duration. exposure
The movement of a substance through a surface or, on a molecular level, through intact materials. permeation
Pathways into the body, generally by absorption, ingestion, injection or inhalation. routes of entry
Destructive devices, such as bombs, placed to be activated after an initial attack and timed to injure emergency responders who rush in to help care for those targeted in the initial attack. secondary devices
Specific operational actions to accomplish assigned tasks. tactics
Acronym used the remember incidents of terrorism. CBRNE
Environmental terrorists, survivalists, militias, and racial hate groups are examples of: domestic terrorists
An acronym used to help the EMT-B be alert to clues when on the scene of a suspicious incident. OTTO
Potential high risk targets of terrorists include: controversial businesses, infrastructure systems, public buildings
On April 19th the US government is at heightened security because it is the anniversary of: the Murrah building bombing in Oklahoma City
The unexplained patterns of illness or death should make an EMT suspicious: unexplained symptoms of skin or eye irritation, unexplained vapor clouds, mists or plumes, unexplained signs of airway irritation
The letter E in TRACEM-P refers to: biological/etiological
Types of harm from radiological/nuclear incidents includes: radiological, chemical, psychological, mechanical, and thermal
Mainstays of self-protection at a radiological incident includes: time, distance, shielding
Features that influence a biological agent's use as a weapon include: infectivity, virulence, toxicity, incubation period, transmissability, lethality
Relative severity of a disease produced by a microorganism. virulence
Relative ease at which an agent causes death in a susceptible population. lethality of an agent
The World Health Organization declared this virus eradicated worldwide through immunization in the 1980s. smallpox
Methods of decontamination. chemical reaction, disinfection, absorption, adsorption
Process that reduces the concentration of the contaminant. dilution
Items on an equipment list for decontamination. buckets, brushes, decontamination solution and tubs, dedicated water supply, tarps/plastic sheets, containment vessel for water runoff and pump to transfer it, A frame ladder, PPE for responders
Objectives of responders assigned to decontamination. determine appropriate PPE based on materials and hazards, wear and operate PPE, start time log, setup and operate decontamination line, triage and prioritize the decontamination of victims, communicate
Created by: UBEMT