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Fossil Records FEH

Fossil Vocabulary

All of the fossils that have existed throughout life’s history, whether they have been found or not. Fossil Record
are scientists who use fossils to study life in the past. Paleontologists
body parts of organisms that become fossils, such as bones, teeth, skin, leaves, and tree trunks. Body Fossil
evidence left by organisms such as burrows, imprints, coprolites or footprints. Trace Fossil
an organism that feeds upon dead and dying organisms. Scavenger
an organism that breaks down the tissue and/or structures of dead organisms. Decomposer
non-living factors such as erosion, wind and sun exposure. Abiotic/Physical Factors
are imprints left from something that was buried Molds
are formed when sediment leaks into a mold and hardens to form a copy of the original structure Casts
occurs when minerals carried in water build up in the spaces of an organism an eventually become rock. Mineralization
are the imprints left behind in the sediments by an organism. Impressions
are found in the ocean and are very common in the fossil record. Forams
living at the bottom of the ocean or on the ocean floor. Benthic
living factors such as decomposers, scavengers and predators. Biological/Biotic Factors
fossils formed when an organism is flattened, leaving a dark stain in the rock. Compression
fossilized feces. Coprolite
weathering or wearing away of rock and earth caused by the wind, sun, and/or water. Erosion
water found underground as a result of rainfall, ice and snow melt, submerged rivers, lakes and springs. Groundwater
the study of trace fossils. Ichnology
type of rock produced when molten magma cools and solidifies. Igneous rock
not containing carbon. Not from living things. Ex- mineral. Inorganic
the coastal zone between the low and high tide mark where waves impact the land. Intertidal
rock produced when any type of rock is changed by heat, pressure, and chemical activity in the Earth. Metamorphic Rock
the concept that explains the movement of the Earth’s crustal plates, sea floor spreading, and a number of other geologic processes of the Earth’s surface. Plate tectonics
the process through which one type of rock is converted into another. Rock Cycle
rock that is formed when layers of small particles are compressed and cemented together. Sedimentary Rock
evidence left by organisms, such as burrows, imprint, coprolites, or footprints. Trace Fossil
the process that caused part of the Earth’s crust to rise above surrounding areas. This can cause layers of rock to become exposed at the surface. Uplift
Created by: Fallon.Henterly