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Access and Rescue

terminology and definitions for access and rescue

QuestionAnswer
When moving towards the rear of a vehicle, the second post you see, which supports the roof. B Post
Glass used in car side and rear windows designed to break into small rounded pieces rather than sharp fragments. tempered glass
Named after a well known consumer advocate, this case hardened pin is held by the cams of the car door's locking system. nader pin
Decreasing circles of voltage on the groun surrounding a point where a charged wire is down. ground gradient
When a patient is pinned and requires assistance, sometimes mechanical, to free him. entrapment
TO crib or block a vehicle or structure to prevent further unintended, uncontrolled movement. stabilization
Gear designed to prevent a rescuer from being injured while working in the inner circle. personal protective equipment
Post in front of the driver's compartment which supports the roof and windshield. A post
Safety glass used in the windshields of automobiles made of two sheets of plate glass bonded to a sheet of tough plastic. laminated glass
Blocks of hardwood, usually 4"x4"18" or 2"x4"18" used to stabilize a vehicle. cribbing
Area immediately around and including the wrecked vehicle. inner circle
Trench, dive, ice and high angle rescue are frequently carried out by specialty rescue teams
Phases of extrication size up situation, gain access to patient, disentangle patient
If an airbag deploys, the manufacturer recommends lifting the bag to examine the steering wheel and glass
The unsafe act that contributes to most collision scene injuries is failure to wear protective gear during rescue
Factors that contribute to injuries of rescuers: careless attitude toward safety, lack of skill with tools/equipment, physical problems that limit strenuous effort
Good protective gear includes: firefighter/leather gloves, fire resistant/turnout pants, steel toe/high top shoes
When using flares, the EMT needs to watch out for spilled fuel and other combustibles that could ignite
A material or object that will carry electricity. conductor
If a vehicle collides with a broken utility pole with wires down, you should have the occupants stay in the vehicle.
If you approach an electrical hazard scene, you feel a tingling sensation in your legs and lower torso. What should you do? Turn 180 degrees, shuffle to safety with both feet together.
When a vehicle's hood is closed and there is an engine fire, you should remove occupants, let the fire dept put the fire out, let the fire burn under the closed hood
When a vehicle rolls off the road into a field of dried grass, it is possible that a fire can be caused by the catalytic convertor
The foundation of the simple access procedure. Try before you pry.
The unconscious patient is in a sitting position behind the wheel, their legs are pinned, how do you approach this? cut the roof, displace the doors, displace the dash
Reasons why you would dispose the roof for access all of the interior is accessible, large exitway to remove patient, provides fresh air, cools patient
You need to displace the dash or steering wheel but the air bag did not deploy. What do you do? disconnect the battery cable
10 phases of the rescue process prepare for rescue, size up situation, recognize/manage hazards, stabilize vehicle, gain access to patient, provide assessment and rapid trauma exam, disentangle, immobilize and extricate, physical exam/treatment/transport, terminate rescue
Created by: UBEMT