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Ambulance Operations

terminology and definitions for ambulance operations

Legal term, which appears in most states' driving laws, referring to the responsibility of the emergency vehicle operator to drive safely and keep the safety of all others in mind at all times. due regard
Emergency Medical Dispatcher EMD
Call in which the driver of the emergency vehicle responds with lights and siren because he is of the understanding that loss of life or limb is possible. true emergency
Large, flat area without aerial obstruction in which a helicopter can land to pick up a person. landing zone- LZ
Special thermometer that is designed to go down to 82 degrees F hypothermia thermometer
Traction splint for the immobilization of a painful, swollen, deformed thigh. Sager
Automated external defibrillator AED
Cervical immobilization device CID
Automatic transport ventilator ATV
Mechanical compressor for performing CPR that is especially helpful to services with transport time to the hospital greater than 15 minutes. Thumper
Federal agency that develops specifications for ambulance vehicle designs. US Department of Transportation
The purpose of carrying an EPA registered intermediate level disinfectant on the ambulance is to destroy mycobacterium tuberculosis
These pieces of equipment should be in the portable first in kit that is taken directly to the patient's side: suction unit, rigid cervical collar, blood pressure cuff
Pieces of equipment used to obtain vital signs: adult or pediatric stethoscope, sphygmomanometer kit, pen light
Device used to carry patients over long distances or in a high angle rescue. Stokes basket
Used to transport patients in a sitting, supine, or Trendelenberg position wheeled ambulance stretcher
Used to move patients down stairs in a sitting position. folding stair chair
Used to pick up patients found in tight spaces. scoop stretcher
Used to carry patient who must lie supine downstairs a cot is too heavy or wide. Reeves stretcher
Components of a fized oxygen delivery system: 3,000 liter reservoir, two stage regulator, reducing valves and yoke
The fixed suction unit in the ambulance should reach a vacuum of at least ____ mmHg within __ seconds. 300 mmHg/4 seconds
Equipment that is carried on ambulances for defibrillation or assisting with cardiopulmonary resuscitation. short or long spine board, automated external defibrillator, kit with oral and nasal airways
Equipment carried on an ambulance for immobilization. Hare traction splint, triangular bandages, padded aluminum splints
Chemical cold packs are primarily used for: musculoskeletal injuries
Sterile supplies for wound care include: sterile burn sheets, 5"x9" combine dressings, self-adhering roller bandages
Sterilized aluminum foil can be used to: maintain body heat
Supplies for childbirth include: a rubber bulb syringe, sanitary napkins, sterile surgical gloves
The equipment checklist should be completed: every shift
This component of the ambulance is checked with the engine off. battery
Responsibilities of the Emergency Medical Dispatcher include: dispatching and coordinating EMS services, interrogating the caller, prioritizing the call, coordinating with other public safety agencies
Routine questions an EMD asks: What is the exact location of the patient? What's the problem? How old is the patient?
Questions an EMD asks when speaking with a caller at the scene of a traffic collision: Is traffic moving, How many lanes of traffic are open? Are any vehicles on fire?
To be a safe ambulance operator, the EMT-B should: be tolerant of others, wear glasses/contacts if prescribed, have a positive attitude about driving ability
One traffic rule that an ambulance driver is not allowed to break. passing a school bus with its red lights blinking
Guidelines for use of the ambulance siren: use it sparingly, never assume all motorists hear your signal, be prepared for erratic movements from motorists
The decision to use lights and sirens is based on: the person's medical condition
Factors that can affect ambulance response: time of day, weather, road maintenance, construction
How should you locate the parked ambulance from wreckage if there is a vehicle fire? in front of
Sequence of operations to ready a patient for transfer: packaging
An unconscious person who has no potential spine injury should be in this position: recovery position
If a patient develops cardiac arrest en route to the hospital, the EMTB's first action should be to: tell the operator to stop the ambulance
When you approach the helicopter, first wait for the pilot or medic to wave you in. Approach the craft from this direction: front or side
7 questions an EMD should ask a caller who is reporting a medical emergency: Exact location of the patient? Call back number? Problem? Patient's age? Patient's sex? Is patient conscious? Is patient breathing?
7 factors that can affect ambulance response: day of week, time of day, weather, road maintenance/construction, railroads, bridges/tunnels, schools/buses
4 ways an EMTB on the scene should describe the landing zone to air rescue service: terrain, major landmarks, estimate distance to nearest town, other pertinent (important) information
Created by: UBEMT