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Ap Psych Ch 12/13

Psychopathology Any patterns of emotions, behaviors, or thoughts inappropriate to the situation and leading to personal distress or the inability to achieve important goals
Delusions False thoughts or beliefs
Hallucinations Vivid sensory perceptions such as voices or visions
Medical model Diseases of the mind; objective causes and require specific treatments
Social- Cognitive- Behavioral A psychological alternative to the medical model that views psychological disorder through a combo of social, cognitive, and behavioral processes
DSM- IV Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders; the most widely accepted classification system in the US.
Neurosis Anxiety is core
Psychosis Severe, loss of touch with reality
Mood Disorders Person experiences extreme moods or disturbances in mood
Major Depression Form of depression that does not alternate with mania
Seasonal Affective Disorder Believed to be caused by a lack of sunlight (melatonin0
Bipolar Disorder Mental abnormality involving swings of mood from mania to depression
Anxiety Disorder Intensive feelings of apprehension are long-standing and disruptive
GAD Characterized by persistant and pervasive feelings of anxiety, without any external cause
Panic Marked by panic attacks that have no connection to events in a persons present experience
Phobic A group of anxiety disorders involving a pathological fear of a specific object or situation
Agoraphobia Fear of being in a place where it may be difficult or embarrassing to get out of
Preparedness Hypothesis An innate tendancy to respond quickly and automatically to stimuli that posed a survival threat to our ancestors
Somatoform Disorders Symptoms of a physical disorder without a physical cause
Hypochondriasis Preoccupation with the fear of having, or the idea that one has, a serious disease based on a misinterpretation of the body
Dissociative Disorders Involves a sudden loss of memory or change in identity or consciousness
Dissociative Amnesia A psychologically induced loss of memory
Dissociative Fugue Dissociative amnesia with the addition of "flight" from one'shome, family, and job
Depersonalization Disorder An abnormality involving the sensation that mind and body have separated- an "out of body" experience
Dissociative Identity Disorders Condition in which the individual has 2+ distinct personalities along with disruption in memory
Anorexia An eating disorder that involves persistent loss of appitite that endangers health and stems from emotional or psychological reasons rather than organic causes
Bulimia An eating disorder characterized by eating binges followed by "purges"
Schizophrenia Psychotic disorder involving distortions in perceptions, thoughts, and/or emotions
Diathesis- Stress Model In reference to schizophrenia, the proposal that says that genetic factors place the individual at risk while environmental stress factors transform this potential into an actual schizophrenic disorder
Autism A developmental disorder marked by disabilities in language, social interaction, and the ability to understand another persons state of mind
Dyslexia A reading disability, thought by some experts to involve a brain disorder
ADHD A developmental disability involving short attention span, distractability, and extreme difficulty in remaining inactive for any period
Insanity A legal term, not a psychological or psychiatric one, referring to a person who is unable, because of a mental disorder or defect to conform his or her behavior to the law
Therapy A general term for any treatment process
Psychological therapy Therapies based on psychological principals (rather than on the biomedical approach) often called "psychotherapy"
Biomedical Therapy Treatments that focus on altering the brain, especially with drugs, psychosurgery, or electroconvulsive therapy
Insight therapies Psychotherapies in which the therapist helps others understand (gain insight) to their problems
Psychoanalysis The form of psychodynamic therapy developed by Sigmund Freud. Goal is to release conflicts and memories from the unconscious
Analysis of Transference The Freudian technique of analyzing and interpreting the patients relationship with the therapist based on the assumption that this relationship mirrors unresolved conflicts in the patients past
Neo- Freudian Psychodynamic Therapies Therapies for mental disorders based on Freud's ideas
Humanistic Therapies Focus on positive growth and self-actualization
Client- centered therapies Emphasizes healthy psychological growth through self- actualization (Rogers)
Reflection of Feeling Carl Rogers technique of paraphrasing the client's words, attempting to capture the emotional tone expressed
Created by: Uhniqua
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