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Himalaya Mountains a mountain range in South Asia that includes Mount Everest, the world's tallest mountain peak.
subcontinent a landmass that is like a continent, only smaller, such as South Asia, wjich is called the Indian subcontinent.
alluvial plain land that is rich farmland, composed of clay, silt, or gravel deposited by running water.
archipelago a set of closely grouped islands.
atoll a ringlike coral island or string of small island surrounding a lagoon.
monsoon seasonal wind, especially in South Asia.
cyclone a violent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain; the most extreme weather patter of South Asia.
Hinduism the dominant religion of India.
Ganges River river in South Asia; an important water resource flowing more than 1500 miles from its source in Himalayan glacier to the Bay of Bengal.
storm surgegh high water level brought by a cyclone that swapms low-lyng areas.
estuary a broadened seaward end of a river, where the river's currents meet the ocean's tides.
Mughal Empire the muslims empire established by thye early 1500s over so much of India,which brought with new customs that sometimes conflicted with those of native Hindus.
raj the period of British rule in India, which lasted for nearly 200 years from 1857 to 1947.
nonviolent resistance movement taht uses all means of protests expect violence.
land reform the process of breaking up large landholdings to attain a more balanced land distribution amonf farmers.
Green Revolution an agricultural program launched by scientists in the 1960s to develop higher-yielding grain varities and improve food production by incorporating new farming techniques.
caste system the Aryan system os social classes in India and one of the cornestones of Hinduism in which each person is born into a castle and can only move into a different caste through reincarnation.
Indus Valley civilization The largest of the world's first civilization in what is now Pakistan.
Partition separation; division of two or more territorial units having separate politicals status.
Kashmir a regionof northern India and Pakistan over which several destructive wars have been fought.
microcredit a small loan available to poor entrepreneurs to help small bussiness grow and raise living standars.
entrepreneur a person who starts and builds a bussines.
Ramadan an Islamic practice of month-long fasting from sunup to sundown.
constitunional monarchy a governement in which the ruler's power's are limited by a constitution and the laws of a nation.
Sherpa a person of Tibeta anscestry in Nepal, who serves as the traditional mountain guide of the Mount Everest.
Siddahartha Gautama the founder of Buddhism and know as the Budha, born in southern Nepalin the sixth century B.C.
mandala in Tibetan Buddhism, a geometric design taht symbolizes the universe and aids in meditation.
Sinhlaese an Indo-Aryan people who crossed the strait separating India and Sri Lanka in the sixth centuary B.C. and who created an advanced civilization therem, adopting Budhism.
Tamils Dravidian Hindu, who arrived in Sri Lanka in the fourth century , settling in the north while the Sinhlease moved further south.
sultan a ruler of a Muslim country.
basic necessities food, clothing, and shelter.
illiteracy the inability ro read or write.
summer monsoon the season when winds blow from the southwest across the Indian Ocean toward South Asia, from June through September.
winter monsoon the season when dry winds blow from the northeast across the Himalaya Mountains toward the sea from October through February, sometimes causing drought.
Created by: 45976lf



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