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Geriatric Patients

terms and definitions related to geriatric patients

QuestionAnswer
Elderly person, generally considered over 65 years of age or older. geriatric
Chronic disorder resulting in dementia. Alzheimer's disease
When an elderly person replaces lost circumstances with imaginary ones. Confabulation
An abnormal heart rhythm. arrhythmia
Abnormally low body temperature. hypothermia
An inflammation in the tissue of the lung. pneumonia
A separation of the layers of the artery- described as a tearing sensation. aortic disection
An outpouching of the intestine provides a sac where food can lodge and cause inflammation. diverticulosis
Starting at this age ____, our organ systems lose about ___ percent function each year. age 30, 1%
Older patients tend to use EMS twice as much as younger patients. Two common complaints are: a car crash or fall
Assessing the airway of older patients can be difficult for these two reasons: dentures, arthritic changes in the neck bones
If you interview an elderly patient and the family tells you that some of their responses were incorrect, this could be due to neurological problesm or medication
Many older people can have changes in their pain threshold. It can be higher, lower, or have decreased sensitivity. True or false? true
When a person ages, the systolic blood pressure has a tendency to increase
Hip fractures are common in elderly female patients due to: loss of calcium
Deposits of cholesterol on arterial walls that have thickened can cause: heart attack or stroke, hypertension
Decreased cardiac output can make a patient more prone to falling, diminished activity
Decreased elasticity of the lungs and decreased activity of cilia puts a patient at higher risk for: pneumonia and other respiratory infections, problems clearing foreign substances from the lungs
Fewer taste buds, less saliva, less acid production and a slower digestive system can cause weight loss or abdominal pain, problems chewing or swallowing
Diminished liver and kidney function can cause bleeding tendencies, the need for reduced doses of medicine
Diminished thyroid function can cause increased risk of hypothermia and hyperthermia
Diminished muscle mass or loss of minerals from the bones puts a patient at risk for falling, fractures
Multiple medical conditions puts a patient at risk for increased risk of medication error, harmful medication interactions
Death of friends and family puts a patient at an increased risk for suicide, depression, loss of social support
Loss of skin elasticity and shrinking of sweat glands causes increased risk of tissue injury- thin, dry, wrinkled skin
Created by: UBEMT