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Drug Addiction

Barbiturates overdose is lethal, can cause coma, respiratory arrest, cardiac failure, and death in ICU using lavage, or dialysis and support respiratory and cardio function
Benzodiazapines gastric lavage, followed by ingestion of activated charcoal and a saline cathartic, dialysis can be used is symptoms are severe
Amphetamines chlorpromazine (Thorazine) controls hallucinations, lowers BP and relieves nausea
Cannabis dronabinol (Marinol) and nabilone (Cesamet)
Opiods naloxone (Narcan), given every few hours until drug level drops to nontoxic, may take days Methadone can be used as a replacement drug, tapered to reduce symptoms
Hallucinogens meds used to control seizures and BP, cooling blankets, mechanical ventilation
Inhalants support symptoms No antidotes
methohexital (Brevital), pentobarbital (Nembutal), phenobarbital (Luminal) Barbiturates
larazepam (Ativan), diazepam (Valium), clonazepam (Klonopin), temazepam (Restoril), midazolam (Versed), alprazolam (Xanax) Benzodiazapines
methylphenidate (Ritalin, Methylin) Amphetamines
meperidine (Demerol), propoxyphene, heroin, normethadone Opiods
mescaline, psilocybin, lysergic acid diethylamide, ecstasy, PCP Hallucinogens
anesthetics, nitrates, organic solvents Inhalants
Created by: Staycha