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Unit 8 Vocabulary

South Asia

Himalaya Mountains A mountian range in South Asia that includes Mount Everest, the world's tallest mountain peak.
Subcontinent A landmass that is like a continent, only smaller, such as South Asia, which is called the Indian subcontinent.
Alluvial Plain Land that is rich farmland, composed of clay, silt, salt, or gravel deposited by running water.
Archipelago A set of closely grouped islands.
Atoll A ringlike coral island or string of small islands surrounding a lagoon.
Monsoon A seasonal wind, especially in South Asia.
Cyclone A violent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain; the most extreme weather pattern in South Asia
Hinduism The dominant religion of India.
Ganges River River in South Asia; an important water resource flowing more than 1,500 miles from its source in a Himalayan glacier to the Bay of Bengal.
Estuary A broadened seaward end of a river, where the river's currents meet ocean's tides.
Storm Surge High water level brought by a cyclone that swamps low-lying areas.
Mughal Empire The Muslilm empire established by the early 1500s over much of India, which brought with its new customs that sometimes conflicted with those native Hindus.
Raj The period of British rule in India, which lasted for nesarly 200 years, from 1857 to 1947.
Nonviolent Resistance A movement that uses all means of protest except violence.
Land Reform The process of breaking up large landholdings to attain a more balanced land distribution among farmers.
Green Revolution An argiculutural prograam launched by scientists in the 1960s to develope higher-yeilding grain varities and improve food productoin by incoropating new farming techniques.
Caste System The Aryan system of social classes in India and one conerstone of Hinduism in which each person is born in a caste and can only move into a different caste through reincarnation.
Indus Valley Civilization The largest of the world's first cicilizations in which in what is now Pakiistan; this was highly developed urban civilizations, lasting from 2500 B.C. to about 1500 B.C.
Partition Seperation; Division into two or more territorial units having seperate political status.
Kashmir A region of northern India and Pakistan over which serval distructive wars have been fought.
Microcredit a small loan available to poor enterprenurs, to help small businesses grow and raise living standards.
Entepreneur A person who starts and builds a business.
Ramadan An Islamic practice of month-long fasting from sunup to sundown.
Constitutional Monarchy A government in which the ruler's powers are limited by a constitution and the laws of the nation.
Sherpa A person of Tibetan abcestry in Nepal, who serves as the traditional mountain guide of the Mount Everest region.
Siddhartha Gautama The founder of the buddhism and known as the Budda, born in southern Nepal in the Sicth Century B.C.
Mandala A state organized as a ring of power around a central court, which often changed in size over time, and which was used instead of borders in the Early Southeast Asia.
Sinhalese An Indo-Aryan people who crossed the strait seperating India and Sri Lake in the sixth century B.C. and who created an advanced cicilization there adopting Buddhism.
Tamils A Dravidian Hindu, who arrived in Sri Lake in the fourth century, setting in the north while the Sinhalese moved further south.
Sultan A ruler of a Muslim country.
Basic Necessities Food, clothing, and shelter.
Illiteracy The inability to read or write.
Summer Monsoon The season when winds blow from the southwest across the Indian Ocean towardSoouth Asia, from June through September, with winds stirring up powerful storms and causing serve flooding.
Winter Monsoon the season when dry winds blow from the northeast across the HImalaya Mountains toward the sea from October through February, sometimes causing drought.
Created by: beccadee96



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