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link 8 & 8.1

Blood and Heart

What is the term for red blood cells erythrocytes
What is the term for white blood cells leukocytes
Cell fragments needed for clotting are called patelets or thrombocytes
What component makes up 55% of blood that is made of 91% water, 1% sugar, 8% protein, and 1% nutrients and electrolytes plasma
What protein of plasma combats infection and is made of white blood cells antibodies
What protein of plasma is necessary for blood coagulation and is made in the liver clotting factors
What protein of plasma is a group of enzymes that help antibodies fight infection complement
Name the plasma protein that is manufactured in the liver and helps maintain osmotic pressur albumin
What is produced in red bone marrow, and has hematopoietic stem cells that develop blood cells formed elements
Name the major blood disorder in which there is a abnormally low level of hemoglobin or red cells in the blood and thus impaired delivery of oxygen to the tissue anemia
Name the major blood disorder that is a neoplastic blood disease characterized by an increase in the number of white blood cells leukemia
Name the major blood disorder that is a condition characterized by an abnormal tendency to bleed because of a breakdown in the bodys clotting mechanism clotting disorder
People with the D antigen are said to be Rh positive
People whitout the D antigen are said to be Rh negative
This type of anemia is a dificiency of vutamin B12 due to lack of the intrinsic factor needed to absorb B12 from the intestines pernicious anemia
This type of anemia of excessive destruction of red blood cells due to overactive spleen or infection hemolytic anemia
This type of anemis of red blood cells changing to a sickle shape and stick together blocking smaller blood vessels sickle cell anemia
This type of anemia that is a lack of adequate iron in the diet, seen more frequently in women and in children iron-deficiency anemia
This type of anemia is bone marrow failure due to physical or chemical agents aplastic anemia
When cancer of the blood-forming tissue arises from lymphoid tissue so that most of the abnormal cells are lymphocytes is a condition called lymphocytic leukemia
When cancer of the blood-forming tissue arises from myeloid tissue in the bone marrow and there are a very large number of white blood cells is a condition called myelogenous leukemia
Symptoms of ___________ are similar to symptoms of anemia because the white cells overwhelm the red cells leukemia
Name the clotting disorder involving excessive clotting, leading to hemorrhage when clotting factors have already been used disseminated intravascular coagulation DIC
Name the clotting disorder that is a hereditary bleeding disorder due to lack of a clotting factor VIII hemophilia
Name the clotting disorder that is a dificiency in the number of platelets causing hemorrhage and bruising thrombocytopenia
Name the clotting disorder that is a hereditary clotting disorder due to lack of the factor that helps platelets stick to damaged tissue von willebrand disease
The normal count ranging from 150,000 to 450,000 per cubic millimeter of blood is a platelet count
What includes many test and is done on a sma machine that can preform up to 20 test per min blood chemistry
This test the color of a patients blood and is compared with a known color scale hemoglobin test
The normal count ranging from 5,000 to 10,000 cells per cubic millimeter of blood is a white cell count
The examination of a drop of blood spread thinly over a glass slide and stained with wrights stain to visualize red and white blood cells is called a complete blood count
The examination of the percentage of each type of white cell in a blood smear is called a differentail white count
The normal count ranging from 4.5 to 5.5 million cells per cubic millimeter of blood is a red cell count
What studie may include the amounts of various clotting factors, bleeding time, clotting time, capillary strength, and platelet function coagulation studies
The increased levels of these two enzymes indicate tissue damage and may be seen with heart damage CPK and LDH
When bone marrow is taken from the sternum, sacrum, or iliac crest to examine under a microscope to aid in diagnosing leukemia and certain anemias is a study called bone marrow biopsy
Name the thin smooth layer of epithelial cells that lines the heart's interior endocardium
Name the heart muscle that is the thickest middle layer and pumps blood through the vessels myocardium
Name the serous membrane that forms the thin outermost layer of the heart wall epicardium
The sac that encloses the heart is called the pericardium
Name the thin-walled chamber that receives blood returning from the body tissue right atrium
What chamber pumps venous blood received from the right atrium to the lungs right ventricle
What chamber receives blood high in oxygen content as it returns from the lungs in the pulmonary veins left atrium
What chamber has the thickest wall, and pumps oxygenated blood to all parts of the body left ventricle
The blood vessels that provide oxygen and nourishment to the myocardium and remove wast products are referred to as the coronary circulation
One complete sequence of heart contration and relaxation is called the cardiac cycle
The volume of blood pumped by each ventricle in one min is known as cardiac output
The contraction of the ventricles of the heart is known as systole
When the ventricles of the heart relax it is called diastole
Which cranial nerve causes slowing of the heart rate vagus nerve
Name the heart rate that is below 60 beats per min bradycardia
What heart rate is quivering of the heart chambers fibrillation
Name the normal veriation in the heart rate due to rate and depth of breathing sinus arrhythmia
Name the heart rate above 100 beats per min tachycardia
What heart rate beat comes before the next expected beat premature beat
What congenital heart disease is four specific defects that occur together tetralogy of fallot
What congenital heart disease is failure of opening between the two atria to close at birth atrial septal defect
What congenital heart disease is narrowing of the aortic arch coarctation of the aorta
What congenital heart disease is a hole in the septum between the right and left ventricles ventricular septal defect
What congenital heart disease is failure of the small blood vessel connecting the pulmonary artery and the aorta to close after birth patent ductus arteriosus
An abnormal heart sound that may be caused due to narrowing of a valve opening, birth defects, disease, or physiologic variations that can be heard if a heart vavle fails to close tightly allowing blood to leak backward is called a heart murmur
If strep throat is not treated effectively it can lead to a systemic inflammation illness called rheumatic fever
When a mitral valve does not close completely the condition is known as insufficiency or mitral regurgition
When a mitral valve does not open completely or the valve opening is narrowed the condition is known as mirtal stenosis
When a person has rheumatic heart disease, what will a professional hear when listening to the heart mirtal mumur
A temporary decrease in blood supply to an area of the heart due to plaque bildup in the coronary arteries is called ischemia
When a person experiences chest pain and pressure that is relived by resting is a condition called angina pectoris
What is the medical term for a heart attack myocardial infraction
What medication lowers high blood pressure and improves blood flow to the heart beta blockers and calcium channel blockers
Name the medication that prevents blood clots in the coronary arteries that lead to a heart attack anticoagulants
This medication dilates the coronary arteries to relive pain due to angina nitroglycerin
What medication prevents irregular heart beats that could lead to fibrillation antiarrhythmics
This medication slows and strengthens the hearts contractions and removes fluid buildup in the in the CHF digitalis and diuretics
The studie of tracing and showing electrical and musculer activity of the heart electrocardiogram
This studie reveals abnormal sounds of the heart such as murmurs, gallops, and rubs ausculation with stethoscope
What studie is an invasive procedure involving dye and fluoroscopy to detect narrowing of the coronary arteries cardiac catheterization
What maybe physical or chemical measures the hearts response to stressors stress test
What studie uses an ultrasound of the heart showing the size, shape, and function echocardiogram
What type of surgery opens a narrowed coronary artery by inflating a ballon angioplasty
What surgery can be done when a heart valve becomes too scarred to work correctly valve replacement
What is the name of the small tube that is left behind in a coronary artery to keep it from blocking or narrowing again stent
Name the surgery that leaves the damaged coronary arterys in place and grafting blood vessels from other parts of the body into the vessels to bypass any obstructions coronary artery bypass graft
What cells are disk-shaped with a depression on both sides, have a life span of 120 days, and have the hormone erythopoietin stimulating red bone marrow to produce them red blood cells
What cells are 5,000 to 10,000 per cubic millimeter of blood, have different size and shapes of nucleus to identifie them, and have five different types white blood cells
This heart sound is a longer, lower-pitched sound that occurs at the start of ventricular systole lub
This heart sound is shorter and sharper, and occurs at the beginning of the ventricular relaxation which is caused largely by sudden closure of the semilunar valves dup
Created by: maryce