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First Aid

If I am checking the scene for safety, what are the dangerous situations that may prevent me from reaching the victim? Some scenes can be unsafe due to fire, smoke filled spaces, traffic etc. If the scene looks unsafe don't go in.
Why is it important to ask a consious person questions that advanced medical personnel will ask anyway? A person's condition may worsen, and he or she may be unconcious by the time more advanced personnel arrive. The questions you ask may be vital information to give advanced personnel.
How long should I check for breathing? No more than 10 seconds.
How do you check for breathing? Put your ear next to their nose and mouth, also look towards the chest. Look, Listen, Feel, and See any signs of breathing.
What should you do if a person is barely conscious and groggy or confused? Call 911 or the local emergency number. Stay with the victim and monitor his or her condition until advanced medical care arrives.
What is the purpose of Good Samaritan laws? To help protect people who voluntarily give care without accepting anything in return.
What should you do if the person does not give consent? Do not give care but instead call911 or the local emergency number.
The steps to follow in an emergency are: Check-scene for safety Call-911 or local emergency number Care-care for injuries or life threatening emergencies
What should you do when checking a consious person? Get consent, Ask questions (who, what, where, when)
You see a woman collapse in front of you while entering the lobby of your office. You check the scene for safety and then check for consciousness, but she does not respond. What should you do next? Call or have someone call 911 or the local emergency number.
You determine the person is in shock, what would you do. Have the person lie down. Keep the person from getting chilled or overheated. Monitor the person's condition.
When giving a breath during CPR, each breath should: make the chest rise.
If a person is suffering from pain or discomfort in the chest that lasts more than 3-5 minutes or that does not go away and comes back, this person is most likely having: A heart-attack
The amount of compressions and rescue breaths in CPR is: 30 chest compressions and 2 breaths
You should continue CPR until: The person shows an obvious sign of life. Another trained responder or EMS personnel take over. You are to exhausted. Scene becomes to dangerous.
How long do you do CPR? 5 cycles for up to 2 minutes
The General care for a muscle, bone, or joint injury includes the following: Rest, Immobilize,Cold and Elevate
In stroke recognition, Fast means: Face, Arm, speech, and time
Care for a person with heat exhaustion includes the following: Get the person out of the heat and into a cooler place. Fan the victim. Give liquids if person is alert and conscious.
Heat-related illnesses include the following: Heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
What is the first step in caring for a wound with significant bleeding? Apply direct pressure witha sterile or clean dressing.
If an open wound continues to bleed after applying direct pressure: Add additional dressings and continue to apply direct pressure.Do not remove any blood-soaked dressingd. Ensure that 911 or the local emergency number has been called.
How do you care for a person with a possible head, neck, or spinal injury, Support the head in the position you find it. Do not move the victim and do not try to realign.
A woman burned her hand in the lunchroom. You should: Remove from heat source, cool the burn with large amounts of room temperature water. Cover the burn with a dry sterile dressing.
Which type of injury involves an open wound in which the bone has torn through the skin? Open Fracture
When caring for a person who is having a seizure, you should: Remove nearby objects that might cause injury.
What sudden illness is usually caused by a blockage of blood flow to the brain? Stroke
The AED pads should normally be placed on: The upper right chest and the left lower side of the chest.
Why is it important to stand clear and not touch the person while the AED is analyzing or defibrillating? You might prevent the AED from analyzing the heart rhyth properly. You or someone else could be injured from the shock.
When a cardiac arrest occurs and an AED becomes available, it should be used as soon as possible.True or False? True. once the AED is ready early defibrillation caan increase the chance of survial.
What does defibrillation do? It is an electrical shock that may help the heart to resume an effective rhythm to a person in sudden cardiac arrest.
What should you do before the AED analyzes the heart rhythm? Ensure that no one, including you, is touching the person.
How should you position a consious choking infant to give back blows? face down, with the infant's head lower than his or her chest.
What does letters in CPR stand for? Cardio Pulmonary Resusitation
About how many cycles of CPR should you perform in 2 minutes? 5cycles within 2 minutes
Early CPR is important because: It helps circulate blood that contains oxygen to the vital organs until an AED is ready to use or advanced medical personnel take over.
When you give care to an adult who is conscious and choking, where should you position your fist to give abdominal thrust? In the middle of the abdomen, just above the navel
On an infant where should you place your hands when giving chest compressions during CPR? One hand on the forehead and two fingers on the center of the chest.
What should you do for a consious infant who is choking and cannot cough, cry or breathe? Give 5 back blows and 5 chest thrusts.
What is the cycle of compressions and breaths in CPR for an infantis: 30 chest compressions and 2 rescue breaths.
When giving care to a child who is consious and choking, where should you position your fist In the middle of the abdomen, just above the navel.
A child is choking on a piece of hard candy. She is consious and coughing forcefully. What should you do? Stay with her and encourage her to continue coughing.
How do you open a victim's airway Head tilt/ Chin Lift. One hand on the forehead, two or three fingers on bony part of the chin.
How do you treat someone with a diabetic emergency? If they are consious, offer them sugar with orange juice, hard candy,soda ( no diet soda)
Created by: EMTRat