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link 7.

hormones and endocrin system

QuestionAnswer
Chemical messengers with specific effects on certain cells and organs are called hormones
Specific tissue acted on by each hormone is target tissue
What do hormones attach to in the cells of the target tissue receptors
What is another term for the pituitary gland because its hormones affect many other glands master gland
Name the endocrine gland that produces T3, T4, and calcitonin thyroid
Name the endocrine gland that produces testosterone testes
Name the endocrine gland that produces GH, TSH, ACTH, FSH, and LH anterior pituitary
Name the endocrine gland that produces estrogen, and progesterone ovaries
Name the endocrine gland that produces aldosterone, coritsol, and sex hormones adrenal cortex
Name the endocrine gland that produces parathyroid hormone and promotes calcium release parathyroid
Name the endocrine gland that produces ADH and oxytocin posterior pituitary
Name the endocrine gland that produce insulin and glucagon pancreas
Name the endocrine gland that produce epinephrine and norepinephrine adrenal medulla
What disorder is the enlargement of the thyroid gland with or without overproduction is called goiter
Name the disorder of hyperthyroidism causing goiter, strained face, nervousness, rapid pulse, and bulging eyes grave's disease
What disorder is the exaggerated form of hypothyroidism with sudden onset that can be fatal if not treated thyroid storm
The disorder of hypothyroidism in infants and children causing lack of physical growth and mental development is called cretinism
The disorder of inflammation of the thyroid due to infection of autoimmunity is called thyroiditis
The disorder of thyroid atrophy in the adult causing swelling of face, mental and physical sluggishness is called myxedema
What type of diabetes develops during pregnancy and disappers after childbirth gestational diabetes
What type of diabetes was formaly called juvenile diabetes, usually appears befor the age of 30, and is treated with close blood sugar monitoring and insulin injections type 1 insulin-dependent
What type of diabetes is associated with being overweight and can be controled with diet, oral meds, and weight reduction type 2 non-insulin dependent
A sign of diabetes that means excess thirst is known as polydipsia
A sign of diabetes that means excess urination is known as polyuria
A sign of diabetes that means excess eating is known as polyphagia
Diabetic retinopathy, damage to the arteries, heart, peripheral nerves and poor tissue repair are conditions of uncontrolled diabetes
What hormone is used as oral contraceptive (birth control) estrogen and progesterone
What hormone is used to treat children with deficiency and strengthen bones in the elderly growth hormones
What hormone is used to treat cretinism and mayxedema thyroid
What hormone is used to cause the uterus to contract and induce labor oxytocin
What hormone is used to relieve inflammation in diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and asthma adrenal steroids
What hormone is used to stimulate the heart muscle rapidly, to treat asthma attacks and anaphylactic shock epinpehrine
What hormone is used to treat diabetes insulin
When the panctreatic islet cells fail to produce enough insulin or body cells do not respond to the insulin is a symptom called hyperglycemia
Male hormones are referred to as androgens
The female hormone that stimulates growth of primary sexual organs, and development of secondary sexual organs estrogen
The female hormone needed for the normal development of pregnancy is progesterone
A tumor of the pituitary gland that contains an excessive number of the cells that produce the growth hormone in childhood that make them grow to abnormaly tall stature is called gigantism
A tumor of the pituitary gland that if the growth hormone producing cells become overactive in an adult is known as acromegaly
Deep voice, facial and body hair in males, and wider hips, brest development, and a greater ratio of fat to muscle in females are a production of the secondary sex characteristics
What condition happens when blood calcium levels are too low due to the removal of or damage to the parathyroid glands, serve muscle contraction of the hands and face may occur, tetany
What condition happens when the adrenal cortex does not produce enough hormones and causes muscle atrophy, weekness, darkend skin, and salt and water imbalance addison disease
Name the condition that happens when the adrenal cortex produces too much cortisol, causing a moon face, thin skin with easy bruising, muscle weekness, bone loss, and elevated blood sugar. cushing syndrome
Give the meaning for the hormone GH that comes from the anterior pituitaty growth hormone
Give the meaning for the hormone TSH that comes form the anterior pituitaty thyroid-stimulating hormone
Give the meaning for the hormone ACTH that comes from the anterior pituitaty adrenocorticotropic hormone
Give the meaning for the hormone PRL that comes from the anterior pituitaty prolactin
Give the meaning for the hormone FSH that comes from the anterior pituitaty follicle-stimulating hormone
Give the meaning for the hormone LH that comes from the anterior pituitaty luteinizing hormone
Give the meaning for the hormone ADH that comes from the posterior pituitary antidiuretic hormone
Give the meaning for the hormone T4 that comes from the thyroid thyroxine
Give the meaning for the hormone T3 that comes from the thyroid triiodothyronine
Give the meaning for the hormone PTH that comes from the parathyroids parathyroid hormone
Created by: maryce