Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

week5religofworld

Christianity

QuestionAnswer
Apostles major figures in the early Church
Aquinas 1225-1274 Catholic theologian; synthesized Aristotle with Catholicism
Arianism early Christian heresy of Arius; "the Father is greater than the Son"
Augustine 354-430 Catholic theologian who synthesized Plato & Christianity; the Church administers the sacraments; major opponent of Pelagius and Donatus
Baptism initiation/conversion rite of water immersion
Baptist large Protestant denomination; emphasizes adult Baptism by full immersion
Bible the basic Christian canon, the books of the Old and New Testaments
Bishop a member of the clergy having direct authority over other priests or ministers
Canon an official list, especially of scripture that religious leaders accept as authoritative
Cardinal a member of a powerful council in the Catholic Church; that selects the new pope; the pope can name new cardinals
Cathedral the main church in a Catholic diocese
Catholic Holy Roman Catholic Apostolic Church; largest Christian denomination, syncretistic, follows the Pope
Christ Greek term, "anointed one," given to Jesus of Galilee, founder of Christianity
Christianity all those churches accepting the role of Jesus as Son of God
Church a building for Christian worship; a denomination, especially the Roman Catholic or an established sect
Clergy a minister of the church, religious leadership
Communion Christian ritual partaking of bread and wine in remembrance of Christ
Confirmation sacrament of full initiation into the Church
Constantine 4th century Roman Emperor, Christian convert
Conversion forming an affiliation to a religion; many sects proselytize in hopes of gaining converts
Creed a denomination's doctrinal system
Crucifix model of Jesus on a cross
Crusades 1095-1291 wars launched by the popes in order to re-capture Palestine from Muslims
Disciple one of the twelve apostles selected by Jesus in Galilee, also the name of an American Protestant sect
Easter Christian spring holiday celebrating the last days of Jesus, his crucifixion, and resurrection; many Teutonic and Celtic symbols (e.g., eggs, rabbits) have come in to this holiday
Episcopalian what Church of England is called in the U.S.; similar to Catholics in ritual; priests can marry
Epistles books of the New Testament which are letters by the apostles (e.g., Paul, Peter, Jude, James)
Eucharist see Communion
Evangelist a preacher, especially a revivalist or missionary; also a term for the gospel authors Mark, Matthew, Luke, John
Excommunication when someone is kicked out of a denomination or order
Gentile Jewish and Christian term for people who are not of Jewish origin
Gnosticism 1st century movement emphasizing secret knowledge about dualism of matter/spirit; foundation of many heresies
Gospel one of the first four books of the New Testament; the "good news" about Jesus and salvation
Heaven state of spiritual bliss in the afterlife, dwelling place of God and angels (e.g., Islam, Christianity)
Henry VIII 1491-1547 English king who declared himself head of the Church in order to get a divorce
Heresy a statement not in accord with a church's doctrine is declared a heresy by that church
Holy Communion see Communion and Eucharist
Holy Spirit third person of Trinity; indwelling spirit of God in Christians, also known as Holy Ghost
Immaculate Conception The doctrine that Jesus was conceived in his mother's womb without original sin
Indulgences medieval Catholic practice of letting people give money to the Church to escape (or lessen time in) purgatory
Infallibility Vatican Council of 1870 declared "The Pope speaking ex-cathedra on doctrine or morals is infallible"
Inquisition Catholic persecution of heretics and witches, starting in 12th century
Jesuit Catholic order of priests founded by Ignatius Loyola in 16th century, the Society of Jesus
Jesus 1st century Galilean worshipped as Son of God by Christians; accepted as prophet by Muslims; life described in New Testament
John Calvin 1509-1564 Protestant reformer; preached predestination; influenced Reformed Churches, Puritans
John the Baptist 1st century Jewish prophet; foretold the coming Messiah; baptized Jesus, executed by Herod
Lent ascetic period from Ash Wednesday until Easter
Lord's Supper see Communion, Eucharist and Holy Communion
Mary mother of Jesus, Catholics give her special veneration
Mass Church service culminating in Eucharist (Catholic)
Messiah expected Jewish savior king; Christians accept Jesus as the Messiah
New Testament part of the Bible describing Jesus and Apostles; it is composed of the four gospels, the Book of Acts, and many epistles by Paul, Peter, John, James, Jude
Nun pious, celibate female monastic
Old Testament part of Bible written before Jesus, including the Jewish Torah, and writings of the Hebrew and Israelite prophets
Ordination sacrament of initiation into the Catholic priesthood
Origen 185-255 Christian mystic, incorporated Neoplatonism
Original sin when Adam sinned, the entire human race fell from grace
Papal pertaining to the pope
Passion suffering of Jesus on the cross
Pastor title given to Christian clergy, especially head of a local church
Paul 1st century Christian convert Apostle; wrote many of the New Testament epistles
Penance ritual punishment in order to expiate sin
Peter Galilean fisherman disciple of Jesus; became apostle and first pope
Pope Bishop of Rome, head of Catholic Church; may issue ex-cathedra, infallible statements
Predestination doctrine that God has already determined who will be saved, before they are born (Calvin)
Presbyterianism Protestant denomination growing out of Puritans; emphasizes governance by councils over local churches; influenced by Calvinist doctrine
Protestant Christian denominations growing out of Europe's Reformation of the 16th century
Purgatory afterlife in which sins are expiated, prior to resurrection or entrance into heaven (Catholic doctrine)
Roman Catholic formal name of Catholic Church, which is centered in Rome, Holy Roman Catholic Apostolic Church
Sacrament rituals, especially those of Catholic Church
Saint honorific title given to persons who led exemplary lives, and as angels can intercede for people (Catholic); Paul used the term to describe early Christians in general
Salvation a promise of liberation from the human problem; heaven, resurrection or a new world order on this planet
Schism split between segments of a church, Great Schism occurred in 1054 between Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox
Sin falling out of relationship with the deity, specific acts which offend the deity
Synoptic gospels New Testament books of Mark, Matthew, Luke; record the life and ministry of Jesus
Transubstantiation Roman Catholic doctrine that the bread and wine of the Eucharist become body and blood of Christ
Vulgate Roman Catholic, Latin version of Bible completed 400 C.E.
Created by: 241152