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Ahimsa a term implying peaceful interaction with other beings; non-injury
Asceticism self-denial of pleasure, self-imposition of hardship to achieve spiritual advancement
Atman Upanishad concept that the human soul, which at its core is equivalent to Brahman
Avatar an incarnation of a Hindu deity
Bhagavad Gita Hindu book written by 200 C.E. in the wake of the Upanishads, Buddhism, and Jainism; it accepted karma and transmigration,
Brahma Hindu creator deity
Brahman absolute reality, the pantheistic deity of Upanishads and Vedanta Hinduism
Brahmin the highest caste (priests) in India
Caste Hindu rigid system of heredity social class
Dharma Buddhist and Hindu term for doctrine
Gandhi, M. (1869-1948) nonviolent leader of political independence in India
Guru a Hindu, Jain, or Sikh spiritual leader or teacher
Hinduism syncretism of Aryans & indigenous peoples of India; emphasis on caste & Vedas; both polytheism & pantheism
Jainism a very ascetic Indian religion, atheist, dualist, non-injury to animals; Mahavira was its major proponent in the 6th century B.C.E.
Kali Hindu goddess, consort of Shiva, demands sacrifice
Karma doctrine of the good or bad consequences of deeds, impacts one's reincarnation
Krishna Hindu avatar of Visnu, hero of Bhagavad Gita
Mahavira 6th century B.C.E. title given to a major figure in Jainism; emphasis on meditation, asceticism, non-injury
Monism "all reality is of a single thing"
Mysticism using contemplation to achieve union with God; the experience is ecstatic, ineffable
Pantheism "all is god" doctrine found in Upanishads
Parsees modern remnants of Zoroastrianism, found in India, Pakistan, Iran
Reincarnation - doctrine "souls are recycled into new bodies"
Rishi Hindu title for a guru, inspired writer
Shiva Hindu destroyer deity
Sikh religion blending some elements of Islam and Hinduism, founded by Nanak in 15th century in Northern India
Swami honorific title given to Hindu sage
Tantric Buddhist and Hindu cults emphasizing salvation by sinful ecstasy
Theism view of God as all-powerful, all-knowing transcendent Creator Deity, usually capable of personal contact and answering prayer
Transmigration of souls reincarnation of soul into other bodies after death
Upanishads Hindu writings 800-200 B.C.E.; mystical, pantheistic, monist: concept of Brahman
Vedanta Hindu sect emphasizing pantheism, mysticism, asceticism; (see Upanishads)
Vedas earliest and most sacred of all Hindu literature; describe Aryan conquest, castes, polytheistic
Vishnu Hindu preserver deity
Yoga Hindu bodily exercises for mystical experience
Created by: 241152