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PT ROM & Flexibility

Physical Therapy ROM & Flexbility

What are the 2 tools used for ROM? hands & observation
Where are connective tissues? everywhere
What provides the strongest strength? Tendon
What takes on multiple loads? ligament
What is the weakest connective tissue? skin
What is Stress? amount of tension or load placed on the tissue (stretch)
What is Strain? amount of length that is put on the stress (muscle)
What is Recovery? the ability for tissue to go back to resting state
What is CREEP? a slow response to stress that is a graduate or repeated stress
What is hypomobility? lack of mobility
What is contracture? shorten muscle
What is soft tissue? muscle, skin (anything that is not bone)
What is contracture named by? the restricted position (elbow flexion) can not extend
What is an adhesion? scar tissue
What does an adhesion do? limits movement
What is the intramuscular temperature? 39 degrees C
How long does it take to see gains with static stretching? 6 weeks
What are some characteristics of a scar? immature & adaptable, up to 8 weeks, less changeable after 14 weeks
What are some characteristics of an adaptable scar? highly vascular, high rate of remodeling
What is ballistic stretching? fast, activities
What are practical applications for ballistic stretching? specificity, velocity (normal range), advantages, exercise parameters & precautions
Where is the Golgi Tendon (GTO) located? In the muscle tendon
Where is the muscle spindle located? in the muscle
What is PNF? Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Re-education
Contract antagonist against isotonic manual resistance
Autogenic inhibition relaxation of antagonist during contractions
What are some PTA considerations for scars/adhesions? surgical procedures, time constraints of healing, goals of rehab
What happens during PNF: Contract-Relax? Contract antagonist - against isotonic manual resistance & autogenic inhibition - relaxation of antagonist during contractions
What happens during PNF: Hold-Relax? Contract agonist - against isometric manual resistance - at end of ROM
What happens during PNF: Slow Reversal? Patient moves actively to end ROM - against isometric manual resistand (hold for 30 sec) & reciprocal inhibition - reflex antagonist relaxes during contraction of agonist
Static stretching at low intensity generates what? decreased tissue trauma & decreased post exercise soreness
What are some time frames for maximum strength after tissue trauma? 5 days = 10%, 40 days = 40%, 60 days = 70% & 1 year = 100%
What are some PTA considerations for someone with tissue trauma? exercises & equipment
What are some contraindication for stretching? bony block, recent fracture, inflammatory process, pain, hematoma, hypermobility, stability & function
What is used for measuring flexibility? goniometry, special test, joint stability & ROM
What are some precautions for stretching? do not stretch past normal ROM, co-morbidities, protect, avoid vigorous stretching, edematous tissue, overstretching weak muscles & progress dosage
Created by: jklincoln