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Musculoskeletal Inj.

terminology and definitions for musculoskeletal injuries

QuestionAnswer
Hard, but flexible living structures that provide support for the body and protection for vital organs. bones
Disruption or "coming apart" of a joint. dislocation
Extremity injury in which the skin has been broken or torn through from the inside by an injured bone or from the outside by something that has caused a penetrating wound with associated injury to the bone. open extremity injury
Special splint that applies constant pull along the length of the leg to help stabilize the fractured femur and reduce muscle spasms. traction splint
Grating sensation or sound made when broken bone ends rub together. crepitus
Bands of connective tissue that bind muscles to bone. tendons
Any break in a bone. fracture
Portion of the skeleton that includes the clavicles, scapulae, arms, wrists, hands, pelvis, thighs, legs, ankles, and feet. extremities
Connective tissue that covers the outside of the bone ends and acts as a surface for articulation allowing for smooth movement at joints. cartilage
Muscle injury caused by overstretching or overexertion of the muscle. strain
Process of applying tension to straighten and realign a fractured limb before splinting. manual traction
Places where bones articulate, or meet. joints
Stretching and tearing of ligaments. sprain
Injury to an extremity in which the skin is not broken. closed extremity injury
Connective tissue that supports joints by attaching the bone ends and allowing for a stable range of motion. ligaments
Our bones become deficient in this mineral as we age. calcium
This strong white fibrous material covers the bones. periosteum
In children, most long bone growth occurs in the growth plate
Direct, indirect, and twisting forces cause musculoskeletal injuries
This invention reduced the post WWI death rate from femur fractures from 80% to 20%. Fractures of the femur can cause a 2 pint blood loss in the first two hours. traction splint
Signs and symptoms of a bone or joint injury include: grating, swelling, bruising
When a joint is locked into position, the EMT-B should splint the joint in the position found
Treatment steps (in order) for a painful, swollen, deformed extremity. 1. take BSI precautions 2. splint the injury 3. elevate the extremity 4. apply a cold pack
Applying a cold pack to a fracture helps to reduce swelling
Realignment is done to assist in restoring circulation and to fit the extremity into a splint.
EMT-Bs usually carry these types of splints. rigid, formable, traction
Traction splints are used specifically for fractures of the femur
If the patient with a musculoskeletal injury is unstable, the EMT-B should: care for life-threatening problems, align the injuries in an anatomical position, immobilize the entire body on a long, spine board
Hazards of improper splinting include: aggravating a bone or joint injury, reduced distal circulation,
Examples of a bipolar traction splint include: Hare, Fernotrac, half-ring
When possible, ___ rescuers should be used to apply a traction splint. three
Signs and symptoms of a knee injury include: pain, tenderness, swelling, deformity
Because of brittle, weak bones, _____ patients are more susceptible to hip fractures. elderly
If a patient who has been involved in a serious fall has the unexplained sensation of having to empty her bladder, it could indicate this type of fracture. pelvic
Created by: UBEMT